powered by CADENAS

Social Share

Mezzanine (9643 views - Material Database)

A mezzanine (or in French, an entresol) is, strictly speaking, an intermediate floor in a building which is partly open to the double-height ceilinged floor below, or which does not extend over the whole floorspace of the building. However, the term is often used loosely for the floor above the ground floor, especially where a very high original ground floor has been split horizontally into two floors. Mezzanines may serve a wide variety of functions. Industrial mezzanines, such as those used in warehouses, may be temporary or semi-permanent structures. In French architecture entresol also means a room created by partitioning that does not go up all the way to the ceiling; these were historically common in France, for example in the apartments for the nobility at the Palace of Versailles.
Go to Article

Mezzanine

Mezzanine

A mezzanine (or in French, an entresol)[1] is, strictly speaking, an intermediate floor in a building which is partly open to the double-height ceilinged floor below, or which does not extend over the whole floorspace of the building. However, the term is often used loosely for the floor above the ground floor, especially where a very high original ground floor has been split horizontally into two floors.

Mezzanines may serve a wide variety of functions. Industrial mezzanines, such as those used in warehouses, may be temporary or semi-permanent structures.

In French architecture entresol also means a room created by partitioning that does not go up all the way to the ceiling; these were historically common in France, for example in the apartments for the nobility at the Palace of Versailles.

Definition

A mezzanine is an intermediate floor (or floors) in a building which is open to the floor below.[2] It is placed halfway up the wall on a floor which has a ceiling at least twice as high as a floor with minimum height.[3] A mezzanine does not count as one of the floors in a building, and generally does not count in determining maximum floorspace.[2] The International Building Code permits a mezzanine to have as much as one-third of the floor space of the floor below. Local building codes may vary somewhat from this standard.[2] A space may have more than one mezzanine, as long as the sum total of floor space of all the mezzanines is not greater than one-third the floor space of the complete floor below.[2]

Mezzanines help to make a high-ceilinged space feel more personal and less vast, and can create additional floor space.[4] Mezzanines, however, may have lower-than-normal ceilings[1] due to their location. The term "mezzanine" does not imply a function, as mezzanines can be used for a wide array of purposes.[5][6]

Mezzanines are commonly used in Modern architecture, which places a heavy emphasis on light and space.[3]

Industrial mezzanines

In industrial settings, mezzanines may be installed (rather than built as part of the structure) in high-ceilinged spaces such as warehouses. These semi-permanent structures are usually free-standing, can be dismantled and relocated, and are sold commercially. Industrial mezzanine structures can be supported by structural steel columns and elements, or by racks or shelves.[7] Depending on the span and the run of the mezzanine, different materials may be used for the mezzanine's deck.[8] Some industrial mezzanines may also include enclosed, paneled office space on their upper levels.[7]

Industrial mezzanines are typically not constructed of wood, although advancements in the engineering of composite lumber in the late 1990s and early 21st century greatly increased the viability of wood-based products as a mezzanine flooring solution. While mezzanines made out of wood are traditionally considered only as a solution for storage[9] and not for material handling purposes, composite lumber panels are a commonly used for elevated platforms or in LEED certified warehouses due to the presence of recycled contents in the compost and a decreased dependency on the amount of structural steel required to raise the platform.

An architect is sometimes hired to help determine whether the floor of the building can support a mezzanine (and how heavy the mezzanine may be), and to design the appropriate mezzanine.[8]

  1. ^ a b Harris 1983, p. 353.
  2. ^ a b c d Allen & Iano 2012, p. 303.
  3. ^ a b Coates, Brooker & Stone 2008, p. 163.
  4. ^ Robinson, Paula; Robinson, Phil (May 31, 2006). "The Room Planners: How to Add a Mezzanine". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 15, 2016. 
  5. ^ Habraken & Teicher 1998, p. 133.
  6. ^ Guo 2010, p. 78.
  7. ^ a b Drury & Falconer 2003, p. 122.
  8. ^ a b Materials Handling and Management Society 1993, p. 11—136.
  9. ^ Aghayere & Vigil 2007, p. 1.

Bibliography

  • Media related to mezzanines at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of mezzanine at Wiktionary

1,2,3-三氯丙烷乙二醇单乙醚乙二醇单甲醚2,4-Dinitrotoluene4,4'-Methylenedianiline41xx steel丙烯酰胺AL-6XNAlGaAlloy 20鋁鎳鈷合金Alumel鋁合金Aluminium bronzeAluminium-lithium alloy硅酸铝汞齊重铬酸铵无水物Argentium sterling silver五氧化二砷三氧化二砷Arsenical bronzeArsenical copper巴氏合金Bell metalBenzyl butyl phthalateBeryllium copperBillon (alloy)Birmabright鄰苯二甲酸二(2-乙基己基)酯Bismanol硼砂硼酸黃銅BrightrayBritannia metalBritannia silver青铜Bulat steelCalamine brassCalifornia Electronic Waste Recycling Act铸铁CelestriumChina RoHSChinese silverChromel铬酸Chromium hydride三氧化铬煤焦油乙酸钴碳酸钴氯化亚钴硝酸钴硫酸钴白金 (合金)康銅氢化亚铜Copper–tungstenCorinthian bronzeCrown goldCrucible steelCunife白铜Cymbal alloys大馬士革鋼Devarda's alloy邻苯二甲酸二丁酯邻苯二甲酸二异丁酯Doré bullion杜拉鋁Dutch metal电工钢琥珀金Elektron (alloy)ElinvarFernicoFerroalloyFerroceriumFerrochromeFerromanganeseFerromolybdenumFerrosiliconFerrotitaniumFerrouraniumField's metalFlorentine bronzeGalfenolGalinstanGilding metal玻璃GlucydurGoloidGuanín (bronze)Gum metalGunmetalHaynes InternationalHepatizonHexabromocyclododecaneHexavalent chromiumHiduminium高速鋼High-strength low-alloy steelHigh-temperature insulation wool水合物聯氨Hydronalium英高鎳合金國際材料系統不變鋼Iron–hydrogen alloyItalmaKanthal (alloy)KovarLead hydrogen arsenate鉻酸鉛镁铝合金Magnox (alloy)MangalloyManganin马氏体时效钢Marine grade stainless马氏体不锈钢MegalliumMelchior (alloy)Mercury甲烷MischmetalMolybdochalkosMonelΜ合金Muntz metalMushet steelMusk xyleneN-甲基吡咯烷酮自然资源NichromeNickel hydrideNickel silverNickel titaniumNicrosilNisil北歐金低聚物Ormolu透磁合金PewterPhosphor bronze邻苯二甲酸生鐵Pinchbeck (alloy)Pitch (resin)塑料Platinum sterlingPlexiglasPlutonium–gallium alloyPolybrominated biphenylPolybrominated diphenyl ethers铬酸钾重铬酸钾Pseudo palladiumQueen's metal关于化学品注册、评估、许可和限制法案危害性物質限制指令Reynolds 531銠金礦Rose's metal釤鈷磁鐵Sanicro 28Scandium hydrideShakudōShibuichiSilver steel铬酸钠重铬酸钠钠钾合金銲料Speculum metalSpiegeleisenSpring steelStaballoy不鏽鋼StelliteSterling silverStrontium chromate钢结构Substance of very high concern超導磁率合金Surgical stainless steelTerfenol-DTerneTibetan silverTitanium alloyTi Beta-C.Titanium gold氢化钛氮化钛TombacTool steelTributyltin oxide三氯乙烯Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphateTumbagaType metal氢化铀維塔立合金廢電子電機設備指令耐候钢White metal木材伍德合金烏茲鋼Y alloyZamakZeron 100二氧化锆Zirconium hydride原子

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Material Database

database,rohs,reach,compliancy,directory,listing,information,substance,material