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1860慕尼黑體育會 (10702 views - Sports List)

1860慕尼黑體操及體育會(TSV 1860 München,簡稱1860慕尼黑)是一間位於德國巴伐利亞慕尼黑的體育會,他們的主場位於安聯球場,和同城對手拜仁慕尼黑共用同一球場。他們自2003/04球季起,從德國足球甲級聯賽降班,至現在在德國足球乙級聯賽競逐。而1860慕尼黑是1963年德甲的創始會員之一,他們合共在德甲角逐了20個球季。
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1860慕尼黑體育會

1860慕尼黑體育會

1860慕尼黑體育會

1860慕尼黑
TSV 1860 München
全名 TSV München von 1860
綽號 Die Löwen
Die Sechzger
成立 1860年
城市 慕尼黑
主場 安联球场
容納人數 69,901人
主席 Dieter Schneider
體育主管 Robert Schäfer
總教練 赖纳·毛勒
(Reiner Maurer)
聯賽 德國足球丙級聯賽
2016–17 德乙,第 16 位(降級)


主場球衣


客场球衣

1860慕尼黑體操及體育會TSV 1860 München,簡稱1860慕尼黑)是一間位於德國巴伐利亞慕尼黑的體育會,他們的主場位於安聯球場,和同城對手拜仁慕尼黑共用同一球場。他們自2003/04球季起,從德國足球甲級聯賽降班,至現在在德國足球乙級聯賽競逐。而1860慕尼黑是1963年德甲的創始會員之一,他們合共在德甲角逐了20個球季。

歷史

起源

球會的起源可以追溯至1848年7月15日,在一個酒吧的一個健身協會Buttleschen Brauerei zum Bayerischen Löwen成立的會議,而球會則是在1860年5月17日正式成立。而到了1862年,幾間當地協會合併成TV München。在1899年3月6日,足球部正式成立,三年後首次正式和其他球會比賽。

20世紀初至二次大戰

在1911年,球會首先採用獅子作為標誌的頂部裝飾,而在1919年重新命名為1860慕尼黑(TSV München 1860)。在二十年代中期,他們在高級別的聯賽角逐,在1927年打入德國冠軍賽的準決賽。1860慕尼黑在1931年曾經嘗試爭取德國冠軍,但以2-3敗給哈化柏林。兩年後他們再打入德國冠軍賽的準決賽,這次他們敗給史浩克04,史浩克04後來在納粹德國中壟斷了德國足球。在1942年,1860慕尼黑擊敗史浩克04奪得德國足協杯冠軍,贏得他們首個錦標。

戰後

二次大戰後,1860慕尼黑在頂級聯賽處於中游位置,在五十年代中更有三年在較低組別聯賽角逐。不過,他們在1963年奪得首個聯賽冠軍後,1860慕尼黑自動成為新成立的德國足球甲級聯賽的成員,比同市對手拜仁慕尼黑還要早三年。1860慕尼黑在六十年代中期的表現繼續強勁,在1964年第二次奪得德國杯冠軍,令他們能參與1965年的歐洲杯賽冠軍杯,但決賽以0:2敗給韋斯咸。1966年,他們贏得德甲冠軍,1967年再以第二名完成。

1970年代和1980年代

在強勁的表現後,他們連續三季表現差勁,在1970年降班至德乙,七年後才回到德甲角逐,但翌年又降班。一年後他們又回到德甲,這次他們停留了兩年。而到了1982年,他們再一次降班。這次降班再加上財政問題困擾,令1860慕尼黑被拒絕發放許可,所以他們被迫直接降至第三級別的地區聯賽。

1990年代至今

球會在後來的一段長時間,都未能返回德甲,直到1992年才重返德甲。但好景不常,這年他們瀕臨降班邊緣。不過球會主席Karl-Heinz Wildmoser和訓練員Werner Lorant作了幾項重要的收購,包括買下射手Olaf Bodden,翼鋒 Harald Cerny,主控球員Peter Nowak和後防Miroslav Stević、Jens Jeremies和Manfred Schwabl。而像Abedi Pele、Thomas Häßler和Davor Šuker等1860慕尼黑的球星則退下火線,成為萬人迷和作出重大貢獻。

在Wildmoser和Lorant的鐵腕管法手法下,由老手和新人組合而成的陣容,令球會由降班邊緣提升至中游位置。在2000年他們就排第4,也因此獲得歐洲足協杯的參賽資格,他們在歐洲足協杯第三圈被帕爾馬淘汰。不過,他們的成功並未能持續,在一連串差劣的現現後,球队教练Lorant被解僱。

在頂級聯賽角逐了十年後,1860慕尼黑在2003/04球季排第17,令他們降班至德乙。這時Wildmoser在安聯球場作極具爭議性,和他討厭的同市球會拜仁慕尼黑合作的決定,令球迷十分憤怒,指控他出賣球會。而他在兒子因涉嫌貪污被捕後,就開始處於低潮。

而再加上在2005/06球季降班至地區聯賽的威脅,1860慕尼黑面臨嚴重的財政問題。同市球會拜仁慕尼黑在2006年4月以1,100萬歐元買下了由1860慕尼黑持有的50%球場權益,為1860慕尼黑舒緩財政壓力。之後,1860慕尼黑的財政得到改善,會方最後也發給球會在06/07球季,在德乙角逐的許可。

德比大战

慕尼黑擁有兩支頂級球隊,1860慕尼黑及拜仁慕尼黑,在60年代1860慕尼黑是比較強勢的一隊。慕尼黑市內,南部的人較支持1860慕尼黑,而拜仁的支持者主要集中在市的北部。两支球队的德比大战是球迷关注的热点,在联赛和杯赛中两队共相遇过35次,1860慕尼黑胜8场,9次打和,18次负于对手。

球場

1860慕尼黑的主場位於安联球场,他們的首場友誼賽是在2005年5月30日面對紐倫堡

而安聯球場也舉行了2006年世界杯首場比賽,由德國哥斯達黎加,也舉行其他三場分組賽,還有16強德國瑞典,和準決賽法國葡萄牙

現在球場和拜仁慕尼黑共用,但1860慕尼黑在2006年4月28日出售球場50%的股權,以解決嚴重的財政危機,這場危機差點令1860慕尼黑破產。

榮譽

著名球員

參考資料

外部連結



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "1860慕尼黑體育會", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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Skirmish
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Cue sports
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Golf

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Gymnastics

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Handball family
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Hunting

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Ice sports
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• Ice yachting
• Figure skating


Kite sports
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Mixed discipline
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Orienteering family
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Pilota family
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• Jeu de paume
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Racquet (or racket) sports
• Badminton
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• Racquetball
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Remote control
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Rodeo-originated
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• Steer Wrestling
• Goat Tying

Running
• Endurance
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Sailing / Windsurfing
• Ice yachting
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• Sailing
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• Dinghy sailing

Snow sports
• Alpine skiing
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Sled sports

• Bobsleigh
• Luge
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Shooting sports
• Clay pigeon shooting
• Skeet shooting
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• Sporting clays
• Target shooting
• Field target
• Fullbore target rifle
• High power rifle
• Benchrest shooting
• Metallic silhouette
• Practical shooting
• Cowboy action shooting
• Metallic silhouette shooting
Stacking
• Card stacking
• Dice stacking
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Stick and ball games
• Hornussen

Hockey
• Hockey
• Ball hockey
• Bando
• Bandy
• Rink bandy
• Broomball
• Moscow broomball
• Field hockey
• Indoor field hockey
• Floorball
• Ice hockey

Ice hockey 
 • Pond hockey
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• Ringette
• Sledge hockey
• Underwater ice hockey
• Roller hockey
• Inline hockey
• Roller hockey (Quad)
• Skater hockey
• Rossall Hockey
• Spongee
• Street hockey
• Underwater hockey
• Unicycle hockey

Hurling and shinty
• Cammag
• Hurling
• Camogie
• Shinty
• Composite rules shinty-hurling

Lacrosse
• Lacrosse
• Box lacrosse
• Field lacrosse
• Women's lacrosse
• Intercrosse


Polo
• Polo
 • Bicycle polo
• Canoe polo
• Cowboy polo
• Elephant polo
• Horse polo
• Segway polo
• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

Walking
• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

Wall-and-ball
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

Underwater
• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding