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青铜 (13030 views - Material Database)

青铜是纯铜(红铜)加入锡或铅的合金。青铜是现代人给予的名字,古时青铜是黄色偏红,而埋在土里后颜色因氧化而青灰,称为青铜。与纯铜(红铜)相比,青铜强度高且熔点低(25%的锡冶炼青铜,熔点就会降低到800℃。纯铜(红铜)的熔点为1083℃)。青铜的铸造性好,耐磨且化学性质稳定。
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青铜

青铜

青铜是纯(红铜)加入合金。青铜是现代人给予的名字,古时青铜是黄色偏红,而埋在土里后颜色因氧化而青灰,称为青铜。与纯铜(红铜)相比,青铜强度高且熔点低(25%的锡冶炼青铜,熔点就会降低到800℃。纯铜(红铜)的熔点为1083℃)。青铜的铸造性好,耐磨且化学性质稳定。

不含錫的「青铜」

有許多名稱中有青銅但不含錫的銅合金,如铝青铜铍青铜锰青铜硅青铜。在銅合金的分類中,黃銅白銅(铜镍合金)以外的都稱為青銅。

各類特性

反常膨脹

青銅器遇冷會反常地膨脹。這一特性使得澆鋳后其紋飾或刻字之棱角外凸而美觀。

参见


鋁鎳鈷合金鋁合金Aluminium-lithium alloyArsenical copperBeryllium copperBillon (alloy)BirmabrightBismanol黃銅Calamine brassChinese silverChromium hydride杜拉鋁Dutch metalGilding metal玻璃HiduminiumHydronaliumItalma镁铝合金MegalliumMercuryMuntz metalNichromePinchbeck (alloy)塑料PlexiglasRose's metal不鏽鋼Stellite钢结构Tombac維塔立合金伍德合金Y alloyAluminium bronzeArsenical bronzeBell metalFlorentine bronzeGlucydurGuanín (bronze)GunmetalPhosphor bronzeOrmoluSpeculum metal康銅氢化亚铜Copper–tungstenCorinthian bronzeCunife白铜Cymbal alloysDevarda's alloy琥珀金HepatizonManganinMelchior (alloy)Nickel silverMolybdochalkos北歐金ShakudōTumbagaAlGaGalfenolGalinstan白金 (合金)銠金礦Crown goldElinvarField's metalFernicoFerroalloyFerroceriumFerrochromeFerromanganeseFerromolybdenumFerrosiliconFerrotitaniumFerrouranium不變鋼铸铁Iron–hydrogen alloy生鐵Kanthal (alloy)KovarStaballoySpiegeleisenBulat steelCrucible steel41xx steel大馬士革鋼Mangalloy高速鋼Mushet steel马氏体时效钢High-strength low-alloy steelReynolds 531电工钢Spring steelAL-6XNCelestriumAlloy 20Marine grade stainless马氏体不锈钢Sanicro 28Surgical stainless steelZeron 100Silver steelTool steel耐候钢烏茲鋼銲料TerneType metalElektron (alloy)汞齊Magnox (alloy)AlumelBrightrayChromelHaynes International英高鎳合金MonelNicrosilNisilNickel titaniumΜ合金透磁合金超導磁率合金Nickel hydridePlutonium–gallium alloy钠钾合金MischmetalTerfenol-DPseudo palladiumScandium hydride釤鈷磁鐵Argentium sterling silverBritannia silverDoré bullionGoloidPlatinum sterlingShibuichiSterling silverTibetan silverTi Beta-C.Titanium alloy氢化钛Gum metalTitanium gold氮化钛巴氏合金Britannia metalPewterQueen's metalWhite metal氢化铀ZamakZirconium hydride甲烷Mezzanine原子陶瓷器

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