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Billon (alloy) (10923 views - Material Database)

Billon is an alloy of a precious metal (most commonly silver, but also mercury) with a majority base metal content (such as copper). It is used chiefly for making coins, medals, and token coins. The word comes from the French bille, which means "log".
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Billon (alloy)

Billon (alloy)

Billon /ˈbɪlən/ is an alloy of a precious metal (most commonly silver, but also mercury) with a majority base metal content (such as copper). It is used chiefly for making coins, medals, and token coins.

The word comes from the French bille, which means "log".[1]

Description

The use of billon coins dates from ancient Greece and continued through the Middle Ages. During the 6th and 5th centuries BC, some cities on Lesbos Island used coins made of 60% copper and 40% silver. In both ancient times and the Middle Ages, leaner mixtures were adopted, with less than 2% silver content.[2][3]

Billon coins are perhaps best known from the Roman Empire, where progressive debasements of the Roman denarius and the Roman provincial tetradrachm in the 2nd century AD led to declining silver and increasing bronze content in these denominations of coins. Eventually, by the third quarter of the 2nd century AD, these coins were almost entirely bronze, with only a thin coating or even a wash of silver.[4]

It was also used for low-denomination coins of the pound Scots: the bawbee (sixpence), turner (twopence) and penny.

See also


鋁鎳鈷合金鋁合金Aluminium-lithium alloyArsenical copperBeryllium copperBirmabrightBismanolChromium hydride杜拉鋁玻璃HiduminiumHydronaliumItalma镁铝合金MegalliumMercuryNichrome塑料PlexiglasRose's metal不鏽鋼Stellite钢结构維塔立合金伍德合金Y alloy黃銅Calamine brassChinese silverDutch metalGilding metalMuntz metalPinchbeck (alloy)Tombac青铜Aluminium bronzeArsenical bronzeBell metalFlorentine bronzeGlucydurGuanín (bronze)GunmetalPhosphor bronzeOrmoluSpeculum metal康銅氢化亚铜Copper–tungstenCorinthian bronzeCunife白铜Cymbal alloysDevarda's alloy琥珀金HepatizonManganinMelchior (alloy)Nickel silverMolybdochalkos北歐金ShakudōTumbagaAlGaGalfenolGalinstan白金 (合金)銠金礦Crown goldElinvarField's metalFernicoFerroalloyFerroceriumFerrochromeFerromanganeseFerromolybdenumFerrosiliconFerrotitaniumFerrouranium不變鋼铸铁Iron–hydrogen alloy生鐵Kanthal (alloy)KovarStaballoySpiegeleisenBulat steelCrucible steel41xx steel大馬士革鋼Mangalloy高速鋼Mushet steel马氏体时效钢High-strength low-alloy steelReynolds 531电工钢Spring steelAL-6XNCelestriumAlloy 20Marine grade stainless马氏体不锈钢Sanicro 28Surgical stainless steelZeron 100Silver steelTool steel耐候钢烏茲鋼銲料TerneType metalElektron (alloy)汞齊Magnox (alloy)AlumelBrightrayChromelHaynes International英高鎳合金MonelNicrosilNisilNickel titaniumΜ合金透磁合金超導磁率合金Nickel hydridePlutonium–gallium alloy钠钾合金MischmetalTerfenol-DPseudo palladiumScandium hydride釤鈷磁鐵Argentium sterling silverBritannia silverDoré bullionGoloidPlatinum sterlingShibuichiSterling silverTibetan silverTi Beta-C.Titanium alloy氢化钛Gum metalTitanium gold氮化钛巴氏合金Britannia metalPewterQueen's metalWhite metal氢化铀ZamakZirconium hydride甲烷Mezzanine原子

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