powered by CADENAS

Social Share

Spring steel (13002 views - Material Database)

Spring steel is a name given to a wide range of steels used in the manufacture of springs, prominently in automotive and industrial suspension applications. These steels are generally low-alloy Manganese, medium-carbon steel or high-carbon steel with a very high yield strength. This allows objects made of spring steel to return to their original shape despite significant deflection or twisting.
Go to Article

Spring steel

Spring steel

Spring steel

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 se (Riksantikvarieämbetet / Pål-Nils Nilsson, CC-BY).

Spring steel is a name given to a wide range of steels[1] used in the manufacture of springs, prominently in automotive and industrial suspension applications. These steels are generally low-alloy Manganese, medium-carbon steel or high-carbon steel with a very high yield strength. This allows objects made of spring steel to return to their original shape despite significant deflection or twisting.

Grades

Many grades of steel can be hardened and tempered to suit application as a spring; however, some steels exhibit more desirable characteristics for spring applications.

Common spring steel grades
SAE grade
(ASTM grade)
Composition Yield strength Hardness (HRC) Comments
Typical Maximum
1074/1075[2] 0.70–0.80% C, 0.50–0.80% Mn, max. 0.030% P, max. 0.035% S[3] 62–78 ksi (430–530 MPa)[4] 44–50[5] 50 Scaleless blue steel
1080 (A228) 0.7–1.0% C, 0.2–0.6% Mn, 0.1–0.3% Si[6] Piano wire, music wire
1095 (A684)[2] 0.90–1.03% C, 0.30–0.50% Mn, max. 0.030% P, max. 0.035% S[7] 60–75 ksi (413–517 MPa), annealed 48–51[5] 59 Blue spring steel
5160 (A689)[8] 0.55–0.65% C, 0.75–1.00% Mn, 0.70–0.90% Cr[9] 97 ksi (669 MPa) 63 Chrome-silicon spring steel; fatigue-resistant
50CrV4 (EN 10277) 0.47–0.55% C, max. 1.10% Mn, 0.90–1.20% Cr, 0.10–0.20% V, max. 0.40% Si 1200 MPa Old British 735 steel
9255 0.50–0.60% C, 0.70–0.95% Mn, 1.80–2.20% Si[9]
301 spring-tempered
stainless steel [10]
0.08–0.15% C, max. 2.00% Mn, 16.00–18.00% Cr, 6.00–8.00% Ni[9] 147 ksi (1014 MPa) 42

Applications

  • Applications include piano wire (also known as[11] music wire) such as ASTM A228 (0.80–0.95% carbon), spring clamps, antennas, springs, and vehicle coil springs, leaf springs, and s-tines.
  • Spring steel is also commonly used in the manufacture of metal swords both historically and for stage combat due to its resistance to bending, snapping or shattering.[dubious ]
  • Spring steel is one of the most popular materials used in the fabrication of lockpicks due to its pliability and resilience.
  • Tubular spring steel is used in the landing gear of some small aircraft due to its ability to absorb the impact of landing.
  • It is also commonly used in the making of knives, especially for the Nepalese kukri.
  • It is used in binder clips.

See also


41xx steelAlGaAlnicoAlüminyumAlüminyum alaşımlarıAluminium bronzeAluminium-lithium alloyArsenical bronzeArsenical copperBell metalBerilyumBeryllium copperBillon (alloy)BirmabrightBismanolBizmutPirinç (alaşım)BronzBulat steelCalamine brassDökme demirChinese silverKromChromium hydrideKobaltColored goldConstantanBakırCopper hydrideCopper–tungstenCorinthian bronzeCrown goldCrucible steelCunifeCupronickelCymbal alloysŞam çeliğiDevarda's alloyDuraluminDutch metalElectrical steelElektrumElinvarFernicoFerroalloyFerroceriumFerrochromeFerromanganeseFerromolybdenumFerrosiliconFerrotitaniumFerrouraniumField's metalFlorentine bronzeGalfenolGalinstanGalyumGilding metalCamGlucydurAltınGuanín (bronze)GunmetalHepatizonHiduminiumHigh-speed steelHigh-strength low-alloy steelHydronaliumİndiyumInvarDemirIron–hydrogen alloyItalmaKanthal (alloy)KovarKurşunMagnaliumMagnezyumMangalloyManganinMaraging steelMegalliumMelchior (alloy)MercuryMolybdochalkosMuntz metalMushet steelNichromeNikelAlman gümüşüKuzey altınıOrmoluPhosphor bronzePig ironPinchbeck (alloy)PlastikPlexiglasPlütonyumPotasyumReynolds 531RhoditeRodyumRose's metalSamaryumSkandiyumShakudōGümüşSodyumSpeculum metalSpiegeleisenStaballoyPaslanmaz çelikÇelikStelliteStructural steelKalayTitanyumTombacTumbagaUranyumVitalliumWood's metalY alloyÇinkoZirkonyumAL-6XNCelestriumAlloy 20Marine grade stainlessMartensitic stainless steelSanicro 28Surgical stainless steelZeron 100Silver steelTool steelWeathering steelWootz steelSolderTerneType metalElektron (metal)AmalgamMagnox (alloy)AlumelBrightrayChromelHaynes InternationalİnkomelMonelNicrosilNisilŞekil Hafızalı AlaşımlarMu-metalPermalloySupermalloyNickel hydridePlutonium–gallium alloySodium-potassium alloyMischmetalLityumTerfenol-DPseudo palladiumScandium hydrideSamarium–cobalt magnetArgentium sterling silverBritannia silverDoré bullionGoloidPlatinum sterlingShibuichiSom gümüşTibetan silverTitanium Beta CTitanium alloyTitanium hydrideGum metalTitanium goldTitanyum nitritBabbitt (alloy)Britannia metalPewterQueen's metalWhite metalUranium hydrideZamakZirconium hydrideHidrojenHelyumBorAzotOksijenFlorMetanMezzanineAtomYaprak yayYürür şasiSteel millYüksek fırınMalzeme bilimiIronworks

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Material Database

database,rohs,reach,compliancy,directory,listing,information,substance,material,restrictions,data sheet,specification