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2019 Tour de France (11266 views - Sports List)

The 2019 Tour de France was the 106th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. The 3,480 km (2,162 mi)-long race consisted of 21 stages, starting on 6 July in Brussels, Belgium, and concluding on 28 July with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris. The opening stages of the Tour (known as the Grand Départ) were held in Brussels in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first Tour de France win of Eddy Merckx. A total of 176 riders from 22 teams participated in the race. The overall general classification was won by Egan Bernal of Team Ineos. His teammate and 2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas finished second while Steven Kruijswijk (Team Jumbo–Visma) came in third. Kruijswijk's teammate Mike Teunissen won stage 1's bunch sprint to take the first yellow of the Tour. Julian Alaphilippe of Deceuninck–Quick-Step took the lead of the race following his victory of stage 3. He lost the yellow jersey after the sixth stage to Giulio Ciccone (Trek–Segafredo) who was the highest placed rider of a breakaway group which finished ahead of the peloton (main group). Ciccone's lead of the Tour lasted two stages, before Alaphilippe retook it after stage 8. He held the yellow jersey for the next eleven stages, including the Pyrenees, before losing it to Bernal on the second day in the Alps, stage 19, which was shortened due to bad weather. Bernal held his lead in the final two stages to win the Tour. The points classification was won by Bora–Hansgrohe's Peter Sagan for a record seventh time, with Romain Bardet of AG2R La Mondiale winning the mountains classification. Bernal also won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Movistar Team and Alaphilippe won the award for most combative rider. Caleb Ewan of Lotto–Soudal won the most stages, with three.
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2019 Tour de France

2019 Tour de France

2019 Tour de France
2019 UCI World Tour, race 27 of 38
Route of the 2019 Tour de France
Race details
Dates6–28 July
Distance3,365.8 km (2,091 mi)
Winning time82h 57' 00"
Winner  Egan Bernal (COL) (Team Ineos)
  Second  Geraint Thomas (GBR) (Team Ineos)
  Third  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) (Team Jumbo–Visma)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Bora–Hansgrohe)
Mountains  Romain Bardet (FRA) (AG2R La Mondiale)
Youth  Egan Bernal (COL) (Team Ineos)
Combativity  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) (Deceuninck–Quick-Step)
Team Movistar Team
← 2018
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The 2019 Tour de France was the 106th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. The 3,480 km (2,162 mi)-long race consisted of 21 stages, starting on 6 July in Brussels, Belgium, and concluding on 28 July with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris. The opening stages of the Tour (known as the Grand Départ) were held in Brussels in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first Tour de France win of Eddy Merckx. A total of 176 riders from 22 teams participated in the race. The overall general classification was won by Egan Bernal of Team Ineos. His teammate and 2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas finished second while Steven Kruijswijk (Team Jumbo–Visma) came in third.

Kruijswijk's teammate Mike Teunissen won stage 1's bunch sprint to take the first yellow of the Tour. Julian Alaphilippe of Deceuninck–Quick-Step took the lead of the race following his victory of stage 3. He lost the yellow jersey after the sixth stage to Giulio Ciccone (Trek–Segafredo) who was the highest placed rider of a breakaway group which finished ahead of the peloton (main group). Ciccone's lead of the Tour lasted two stages, before Alaphilippe retook it after stage 8. He held the yellow jersey for the next eleven stages, including the Pyrenees, before losing it to Bernal on the second day in the Alps, stage 19, which was shortened due to bad weather. Bernal held his lead in the final two stages to win the Tour.

The points classification was won by Bora–Hansgrohe's Peter Sagan for a record seventh time, with Romain Bardet of AG2R La Mondiale winning the mountains classification. Bernal also won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Movistar Team and Alaphilippe won the award for most combative rider. Caleb Ewan of Lotto–Soudal won the most stages, with three.


The 2019 edition of the Tour de France consisted of 22 teams.[1] The race was the 27th of the 38 events in the UCI World Tour,[2] and all of its eighteen UCI WorldTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race.[3] Additionally, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), the organisers of the Tour, invited four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams to participate in the event. The three French teams and one Belgian team have each participated in the race before.[4][5] The presentation of the teams – where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in front of a crowd of 75,000 on the Grand Place in Brussels, Belgium, on 4 July, two days before the opening stage.[6]

Each squad was allowed a maximum of eight riders, resulting in a start list total of 176.[1] Of these, 33 competed in their first Tour de France.[7] The total number of riders that finished the race was 155.[8] The riders came from 30 countries. Six countries had more than ten riders in the race: France (43), Belgium (21), Italy (15), Spain (13), Germany (11) and the Netherlands (11).[1] The average age of riders in the race was 29.71 years,[9] ranging from the 21-year-old Jasper Philipsen (UAE Team Emirates) to the 39-year-old Lars Bak (Team Dimension Data).[10][11] Team Sunweb had the youngest average age while Team Dimension Data had the oldest.[12]

The teams participating in the race were:[1]

UCI WorldTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favourites

2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas (Team Ineos) returned to defend his title. After celebrating his victory, he was overweight at the start of the 2019 season.[13] First signs of improving form came with a third-place finish at the Tour de Romandie. He then started the Tour de Suisse, but a crash on stage 4 saw him abandon the race and require recovery time. This put in doubt his ability to perform at the Tour.[14]

Previous year's second- and third-placed Tour finishers, Tom Dumoulin (Team Sunweb) and Chris Froome (Team Ineos) did not take part in the race. Froome was ruled out of the race after a crash at the Critérium du Dauphiné.[15][16] Dumoulin was absent with a knee injury, which had already forced him to abandon the Giro d'Italia.[17] In the absence of Froome, some team directors expected a more open race.[18]

The riders regarded as favourites for winning the general classification besides Thomas were Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale), Egan Bernal (Team Ineos), Jakob Fuglsang (Astana), Steven Kruijswijk (Team Jumbo–Visma), Mikel Landa (Movistar Team), Vincenzo Nibali (Bahrain–Merida), Thibaut Pinot (Groupama–FDJ), Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team), and Adam Yates (Mitchelton–Scott).[14][19][20][21][22] Bardet had finished on the podium twice in his career, second in 2016 and third in 2017. He had failed to impress during his build-up for the Tour, although his experience and the consistency of his previous performances in the race (2019 marks his seventh start in the Tour) were considered enough to make him a serious contender.[14][19][20] Thomas' teammate Bernal took victory at both Paris–Nice and the Tour de Suisse, and was to share the leadership with Thomas according to the team.[23] Fuglsang had enjoyed a highly successful spring campaign, having won the prestigious one-day race Liège–Bastogne–Liège as well as the stage races Vuelta a Andalucía and the Dauphiné, with the latter often being seen as the most important preparation event for the Tour. Fuglsang was also thought to benefit from a strong team. However, doubt was cast over Fuglsang's ability to perform over a three-week race.[14][19] Landa's form was considered harder to predict, as he had stayed away from racing after the Giro, where he finished just outside the podium. His best results in the Tour so far was in 2017, when he finished fourth riding as a domestique to Froome.[14][20] Pinot was also considered to be in excellent form after finishing fifth in Dauphiné, and having won the general classification in Tour de l'Ain and Tour du Haut Var. It was however speculated that the pressure in being a home favorite could affect him negatively, as well as possible warm weather. His previous results in the Tour had been mixed: he finished third in 2014, but in subsequent years twice dropped out.[21] Yates returned to the race after finishing 29th the previous year. Although he had to withdraw from the Dauphiné a few weeks earlier due to illness, he was believed to be in good form due to his good results earlier in the season.[21]

Other riders expected to do well in the general classification, or in some cases being dark horses, were Emanuel Buchmann (Bora–Hansgrohe), Dan Martin (UAE Team Emirates), Enric Mas (Deceuninck–Quick-Step), Richie Porte (Trek–Segafredo), Rigoberto Urán and Tejay van Garderen (both EF Education First), Alejandro Valverde (Movistar Team) and Ilnur Zakarin (Team Katusha–Alpecin).[14][19][20][21]

The defending champion of the points classification (who is awarded the green jersey), Peter Sagan (Bora–Hansgrohe), returned to defend his title in an attempt to break Erik Zabel's record of six wins. Before the Tour he shared the record with Zabel, after winning the classification in six out of the past seven editions.[24][25] Sagan was regarded as the clear favourite for winning the points classification by the media as well as the bookmakers.[26][27][28] The riders thought to be Sagan's biggest rivals were Caleb Ewan (Lotto–Soudal), Dylan Groenewegen (Team Jumbo–Visma), Michael Matthews (Team Sunweb) and Elia Viviani (Deceuninck–Quick-Step). Other riders believed to be possible contenders for the green jersey were Julian Alaphilippe (Deceuninck–Quick-Step), Edvald Boasson Hagen (Team Dimension Data), Alexander Kristoff (UAE Team Emirates) and Wout van Aert (Team Jumbo–Visma).[26][27]

Route and stages

On 30 May 2017, the ASO announced that Brussels would host the 2019 edition's opening stages (known as the Grand Départ), honouring one of the Tour's most successful riders, Belgian Eddy Merckx, on the 50th anniversary of his first of five overall victories. It was the second time the Grand Départ has taken place in Brussels and was the fifth Belgian Grand Départ. It also marks 100 years since the race leader's yellow jersey was first seen at a Tour.[29] Further details of the Grand Départ were revealed on 16 January 2018, which were that it included an opening stage that featured the steep cobbled Muur van Geraardsbergen climb, an icon of the Tour of Flanders one-day race, and a second stage which was a team time trial around the streets of Brussels.[30] The entire route was unveiled on 25 October 2018, which the race director Christian Prudhomme described as "the highest Tour in history."[31]

The opening stage visited Charleroi and looped back to Brussels, to connect the regions of Flanders and Wallonia in a stage. Starting in Binche, the third stage left Belgium for France, with the following stage taking the race to the north-east to the Vosges Mountains for two further stages. Two transitional stages then took the race southwards ending in the city of Saint-Étienne. Stages 9 and 10 traversed the Massif Central highland region, before the Tour's first rest day. The following two stages moved the race to the Pyrenees, which hosted four stages. After the second rest day, the Tour took a long transfer west for stage 16 which finished in Nîmes. Stage 17 took the race up to the Alps at Gap. After three Alpine stages, an air transfer moved the Tour to the outskirts of Paris, ending with the Champs-Élysées stage.[32]

There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,365.8 km (2,091 mi).[8] There were two time trial events, stage 2's 27.6 km (17 mi) team time trial and stage 13's 27.2 km (17 mi) individual time trial.[32] Of the remaining nineteen stages, seven were officially classified as flat, five as hilly and seven as mountainous.[32] The longest mass-start stage was stage 10, at 217.5 km (135 mi), and the shortest was stage 14, at 117.5 km (73 mi).[32] The route contained five mountain-top finishes: stage 6, to La Planche des Belles Filles; stages 14, to the Col du Tourmalet; stage 15, to Foix; stage 19, to Col de l'Iseran;[a] and stage 20, to Val Thorens.[34] The Iseran mountain pass, the highest paved pass in Europe, featured on stage 19.[31] This was the seventh time that the Tour climbed the 2,770 m (9,090 ft) Iseran, but only the second ascent from the more difficult southern side.[31] It was among five hors catégorie (English: "beyond category") rated climbs in the race.[35] Of the 34 stage start or finish hosts, the race visited Binche, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges and Pont du Gard for the first time.[32]

Stage characteristics and winners[32][35][36]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 6 July Brussels (Belgium) to Brussels (Belgium) via Charleroi (Belgium) 194.5 km (121 mi) Flat stage  Mike Teunissen (NED)
2 7 July Brussels-Royal Palace (Belgium) to Brussels-Atomium (Belgium) 27.6 km (17 mi) Team time trial  Team Jumbo–Visma (NED)
3 8 July Binche (Belgium) to Épernay 215 km (134 mi) Hilly stage  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)
4 9 July Reims to Nancy 213.5 km (133 mi) Flat stage  Elia Viviani (ITA)
5 10 July Saint-Dié-des-Vosges to Colmar 175.5 km (109 mi) Hilly stage  Peter Sagan (SVK)
6 11 July Mulhouse to La Planche des Belles Filles 160.5 km (100 mi) Mountain stage  Dylan Teuns (BEL)
7 12 July Belfort to Chalon-sur-Saône 230 km (143 mi) Flat stage  Dylan Groenewegen (NED)
8 13 July Mâcon to Saint-Étienne 200 km (124 mi) Hilly stage  Thomas De Gendt (BEL)
9 14 July Saint-Étienne to Brioude 170.5 km (106 mi) Hilly stage  Daryl Impey (RSA)
10 15 July Saint-Flour to Albi 217.5 km (135 mi) Flat stage  Wout van Aert (BEL)
16 July Albi Rest day
11 17 July Albi to Toulouse 167 km (104 mi) Flat stage  Caleb Ewan (AUS)
12 18 July Toulouse to Bagnères-de-Bigorre 209.5 km (130 mi) Mountain stage  Simon Yates (GBR)
13 19 July Pau to Pau 27.2 km (17 mi) Individual time trial  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)
14 20 July Tarbes to Col du Tourmalet 111 km (69 mi) Mountain stage  Thibaut Pinot (FRA)
15 21 July Limoux to Foix Prat d'Albis 185 km (115 mi) Mountain stage  Simon Yates (GBR)
22 July Nîmes Rest day
16 23 July Nîmes to Nîmes 177 km (110 mi) Flat stage  Caleb Ewan (AUS)
17 24 July Pont du Gard to Gap 200 km (124 mi) Hilly stage  Matteo Trentin (ITA)
18 25 July Embrun to Valloire 208 km (129 mi) Mountain stage  Nairo Quintana (COL)
19 26 July Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Tignes Col de l'Iseran[a] 126.5 km (79 mi)
89 km (55 mi)[a]
Mountain stage no winner[a]
20 27 July Albertville to Val Thorens 130 km (81 mi)
59.5 km (37 mi)[b]
Mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
21 28 July Rambouillet to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 128 km (80 mi) Flat stage  Caleb Ewan (AUS)
Total 3,480 km (2,162 mi) 3,365.8 km (2,091 mi)[8]

Race overview

Early stages and Vosges

Stage 1's bunch sprint finish was won by Team Jumbo–Visma's Mike Teunissen. He was a member of the team's sprint train who were leading out their main sprinter Dylan Groenewegen, but following him crashing in the closing 2 km (1.2 mi), Teunissen was free to race in the sprint. He took the first yellow and green jerseys as the leader of the general and points classifications respectively.[38] Breakaway rider Greg Van Avermaet (CCC Team) led the race over the highest categorised climb of the stage, the Muur van Geraardsbergen, claiming the lead in the mountains classification and the first polka dot jersey as the leader of the classification.[c]

Teunissen increased his overall lead in the race following his team's victory in stage 2's team time trial, who finished twenty seconds ahead of second-placed Team Ineos.[39] However, his hold of the yellow jersey was short lived as Julian Alaphilippe took over first position with a strong solo attack on the final climb of stage 3, catching up and overtaking the remainder of the day's breakaway to win the stage. Peter Sagan and Tim Wellens (Lotto–Soudal) took the lead of the points and mountains classifications respectively.[40] The following day's flat stage ended in a bunch sprint won by Elia Viviani.[41]

The climbs of stage 5 did not cause trouble to the race, as most of the contenders retained their energy for the following stage's steep finish of the Planche des Belles Filles climb.[42] An early four-man breakaway, which included polka dot jersey wearer Wellens, was caught well before the sprint bunch finish, won by Sagan.[43] The mountainous stage 6 saw a 14-rider breakaway gain a lead of over 8 minutes. By the Col des Chevrères, only four riders remained. Wellens and Xandro Meurisse (Wanty–Groupe Gobert), the former having secured his polka dot jersey for another day, were distanced on the final climb by Dylan Teuns (Bahrain–Merida) and Giulio Ciccone (Trek–Segafredo). Teuns would go on to win the stage, but Ciccone managed to take over the yellow jersey despite fading in the final metres of the climb.[44] The final 500 m (1,640 ft) also proved to be a difficulty for general classification contenders Vincenzo Nibali, Richie Porte and Romain Bardet, who lost time on the climb.[45] Stage 7, returning to the flat after the Vosges Mountains, was uneventful, with the breakaway being held to only a few minutes,[46] and despite early crashes by Tejay van Garderen and Teunissen, ended in a technical bunch sprint won by Groenewegen.[47]

Massif Central and journey south

The peloton passing through the city of Rodez on the tenth stage, before crosswinds caused a reduced bunch sprint finish, won by Wout van Aert

Stage 8, with close to 4,000 m (13,000 ft) of elevation gain, was seen before the race as a potential win for the breakaway,[35] which had four riders on the day. As the successive climbs were passed, this number was gradually reduced, with only Thomas De Gendt (Lotto–Soudal) and Alessandro De Marchi (CCC Team) surviving until the final climb, on which De Gendt successfully distanced him. The gap down to under a minute in the final kilometres, Alaphilippe and Thibault Pinot attacked and gained twenty seconds on the much reduced peloton, as De Gendt managed to hold on for the stage victory, with Alaphilippe regaining his yellow jersey.[48] Despite his second crash in this edition of the Tour, defending champion Geraint Thomas managed to keep up and avoided an early disaster.[49]

Stage 9 saw an early 14-strong breakaway form, later joined by Marc Soler (Movistar Team), which the peloton (main group) let go. At the 40 km (24.9 mi) to go mark, Lukas Pöstlberger of Bora–Hansgrohe attacked, gaining around 30 seconds before his breakaway companions put in an effort to reel him in, splitting in half in the process. As the last obstacle of the day, the third-category Côte de Saint-Just was reached, just 15 km (9.3 mi) from the finish, Pöstlberger was finally caught and as more riders were dropped, a leading trio emerged, consisting of Nicolas Roche (Team Sunweb), Tiesj Benoot (Lotto–Soudal) and Daryl Impey (Mitchelton–Scott). Roche was dropped before the finish, leaving the victory to Impey who overcame Benoot in the final sprint,[50] in a day which otherwise saw no significant changes in the overall standings.[51]

The final stage before the rest day, which was a day later than usual, was on relatively flat terrain.[35] However, with 30 km (18.6 mi) to go, splits occurred in the peloton as Team Ineos and others took to the front and broke the peloton apart in strong crosswinds. This effort proved decisive, and several overall contenders who were caught behind, including Pinot, Richie Porte, Rigoberto Urán, Jakob Fuglsang and Mikel Landa lost time on the front group. Thomas, Egan Bernal, Alaphilippe and Bardet maintained their position at the front of the race, amongst a reduced bunch.[52] The victory went to Wout van Aert, as several of the main sprinters were caught behind, including his Team Jumbo–Visma teammate Groenewegen.[53] By the first rest day, the yellow jersey was held by Alaphilippe, who had a lead of 1' 12" on Thomas, behind whom was Bernal in third place, just 4" from Thomas. Home favourite Pinot, despite being 1' 21" back from Thomas in eleventh place, was still in contention.[54] In the points classification, pre-race favourite Sagan was in first position, already 62 points ahead of second-placed Michael Matthews. The mountains classification was more closely contested, with breakaway riders and Lotto–Soudal teammates Wellens and De Gendt respectively first and second, with a gap of six points.[55] On stage 11, the day's small breakaway was caught with 5 km (3.1 mi) remaining, before Caleb Ewan won the bunch sprint finish.[56]

Pyrenees and transition

The first Pyrenean stage, the twelfth, saw a 42-man breakaway reduce to a group of Simon Yates (Mitchelton–Scott), Pello Bilbao (Astana) and Gregor Mühlberger (Bora–Hansgrohe) on the final climb of La Hourquette d'Ancizan, the second of the stage's two first-category climbs. The trio descended to the finish at Bagnères-de-Bigorre, where Yates won the sprint. The peloton came in together close to 10 minutes after.[57] A notable abandonment of the stage was the reigning world time trial champion Rohan Dennis (Bahrain–Merida), a favourite for the following stage's time trial.[58] In the aforementioned stage, Alaphilippe took the victory, with a time of 35' 00" across the 27.2 km (17 mi) course, achieving a "stunning" victory on a day where he was expected to lose time to riders such as Thomas,[59] who ended up in second place, fourteen seconds down.[60] Wout van Aert, one of the favourites for the stage, had to abandon the race during the time trial after he crashed, having clipped a barrier on the side of the road.[61]

On stage 14, the last of the breakaway riders were caught by the leading group of general classification contenders at 10 km (6.2 mi) before the finish atop the hors catégorie Col du Tourmalet. With 1 km (0.62 mi) remaining, Thomas got detached from the lead group containing Alaphilippe, Emanuel Buchmann, Pinot, Bernal, Landa and Steven Kruijswijk. Pinot attacked in the final 250 m (270 yd) and held his lead to the finish line at the summit.[62] On the final stage in the Pyrenees, Simon Yates took his second stage win of the race from a reduced breakaway of six at the summit of Prat d'Albis. Pinot attacked the group of general classification contenders with 6 km (3.7 mi) remaining to finish in second place, 33 seconds behind, moving himself up to fourth overall. Following the last of the few breakaway riders, the overall contenders, led by Thomas, came in 1' 22" behind Yates.[63] The following day was the Tour's second rest day.[32] By this point, Alaphilippe was beating expectations and retaining a 1' 35" lead over Thomas. Kruijswijk was third at 1' 47", with Bernal and Buchmann following Pinot closely in fifth and sixth respectively.[64] The green jersey was still held by Sagan, who now had an 85 points lead over second-placed Viviani, while the mountains classification was still led by Wellens, with eventual winner Bardet down in eleventh position.[65]

As the Tour came down from the Pyrenees for transitional stages towards the Alps, it experienced the beginning of the record-breaking July 2019 European heat wave. Stage 17 was won by Ewan from a bunch sprint in Nîmes, his second of the Tour. Crashes during the stage included overall favourites Thomas and Fuglsang, with the latter forced to abandon.[66] In the following stage, the 33-rider breakaway's advantage grew to 15 minutes at one point. Matteo Trentin of Mitchelton–Scott attacked the breakaway on the final climb and soloed to victory with led of 37 seconds.[67] Luke Rowe (Team Ineos) and Tony Martin (Team Jumbo–Visma) were both disqualified from the Tour, following an altercation near the front of the peloton, in the latter part of the stage.[68]

Alps and finale

The leaders of the young rider, general and points classifications Egan Bernal, Julian Alaphilippe and Peter Sagan before the start of stage 19, where by the end Bernal claimed the yellow jersey

Stage 18, the first in the Alps, was led by breakaway riders throughout the stage's climbs, which included the first-category Col de Vars and the hors catégorie Col d'Izoard and Col du Galibier. The 34-strong breakaway reduced to a group of elite riders by the foot of the Galibier, the final climb. Nairo Quintana attacked with 7.5 km (4.7 mi) still to climb, leading by over a minute and a half at the summit, which he held on the descent to the finish. Meanwhile, with 2 km (1.2 mi) still to climb of the Galibier, Bernal attacked from within the yellow jersey group containing Alaphilippe and Thomas, allowing Bernal to recover half a minute on the other general classification contenders by the finish and move up to second overall.[69] Highly regarded pre-race favourite Romain Bardet, who moved out of overall contention after losing 20 minutes on stage 14's Col du Tourmalet and switched focus to breakaway rides, took the lead of the mountains classification.[70]

Around 40 km (25 mi) into stage 19, Pinot, who had been placed fifth in the general classification, abandoned the race due to a leg muscle injury.[71] At the head of the race in the closing kilometres of the planned second to last climb, the Col de l'Iseran, Bernal attacked from the group of overall favourites, catching and passing final breakaway riders by the summit. Next over the top were breakers Simon Yates and Warren Barguil (Arkéa–Samsic), with the favourites following, was one minute behind Bernal. Alaphilippe was dropped following Bernal's attack, and was two minutes behind over the top. During the descent, race organisers neutralised the race due to snow, hailstorms, and mudslides rendering the road unsafe near Val-d'Isère on the final ascent to Tignes. Times for the general classification were taken at the summit of the Iseran, with the stage victory and most combative rider of the day not awarded. As a result, Bernal, who had been in second place overall, moved ahead of Alaphilippe and took the yellow jersey. The stage was shortened from 126.5 km (79 mi) to 89 km (55 mi).[33]

The bad weather also caused the penultimate stage to be reduced in length beforehand from 130 km (81 mi) to 59.5 km (37 mi), bypassing the first-category Cormet de Roselend and the second-category Côte de Longefoy, with the only climb being the hors catégorie-rated one to Val Thorens at the finish.[72] A group of nearly thirty riders established a two and a half minute lead over the peloton, before being greatly reduced to six on the early slopes of the Val Thorens climb. With 12 km (7.5 mi) remaining, Nibali attacked from this group and soloed to victory. The general classification contenders followed him together close behind, with Alaphilippe being dropped again, losing more time and dropping from second overall to fifth.[73]

The final stage in Paris was won by Ewan in a bunch sprint on the Champs-Élysées, his third win and the most of any rider in this edition of the race. Bernal won the race with no changes in the final stage. The 22-year-old Colombian became the youngest since François Faber in 1909 and first Latin American Tour winner up to that point.[74] Thomas came second overall, 1' 11" down on Bernal, with Kruijswijk a further 20 seconds behind in third.[8] Sagan won a record seventh points classification with a total of 316, 68 ahead of Ewan in second.[74][8] Bardet won the mountains classification with 86 points, Bernal second with 78 points. The young rider classification was won by Bernal, with thirteenth-placed overall Gaudu second.[8] Bernal became the fourth rider to win both the general and young rider classification in the same year, following Jan Ullrich (1997), Alberto Contador (2007), and Andy Schleck (2010).[75] Movistar Team finished as the winners of the team classification, 47' 54" ahead of second-placed Trek–Segafredo.[8]

Classification leadership

Four main individual classifications were contested in the 2019 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage.[76] Time bonuses (time subtracted) were awarded at the end of every stage apart from the time trial stages. The first three riders receive 10, 6, and 4 seconds, respectively. For crashes within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, any rider involved would have received the same time as the group he was in when the crash occurred.[77] The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered to be the overall winner of the Tour.[76] The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.[78] In celebration of 100th anniversary of the yellow jersey, an individual jersey design were issued for each day's race leader.[79] In a bid to animate racing, time bonuses of 8, 5, and 2 seconds respectively for the first three riders across a mountain summit were given out at eight climbs.[80][81] These occurred on stages 3, 6, 8, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 19.[82] These bonuses replaced the special sprints that were a feature in the 2018 edition.[80]

Points classification points for the top 15 positions by type[76]
Type 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Flat stage 50 30 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
Hilly stage 30 25 22 19 17 15 13 11 9
Mountain stage 20 17 15 13 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Individual time trial
Intermediate sprint

The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type.[76] The leader wore a green jersey.[78]

The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorised, in order of increasing difficulty, as fourth-, third-, second-, and first-category and hors catégorie. Double points were awarded at the top of hors catégorie climbs higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft).[81] The leader was identified by a white jersey with red polka dots.[78]

The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but was restricted to riders born on or after 1 January 1994.[81] The leader wore a white jersey.[78]

The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team would have determine the outcome of a tie.[81] The riders on the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.[83]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".[81] No combativity awards were given for the time trials and the final stage.[84] The winner wore a red number bib the following stage.[83] At the conclusion of the Tour, Julian Alaphilippe won the overall super-combativity award which was, again, awarded by a jury.[85][81]

A total of €2,291,700 was awarded in cash prizes in the race.[84] The overall winner of the general classification received €500,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively.[86] All finishers in the top 160 were awarded money.[86] The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000.[87] The team classification winners were given €50,000.[84] €11,000 was given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20.[86] There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000. The Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage 14, and the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to the first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col de l'Iseran on stage 19.[84] Thibaut Pinot won the Jacques Goddet and Egan Bernal won the Henri Desgrange.[62][33]

Classification leadership by stage[88]
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Team classification
Combativity award
1 Mike Teunissen Mike Teunissen Mike Teunissen Greg Van Avermaet Caleb Ewan Team Jumbo–Visma Stéphane Rossetto
2 Team Jumbo–Visma Wout van Aert no award
3 Julian Alaphilippe Julian Alaphilippe Peter Sagan Tim Wellens Tim Wellens
4 Elia Viviani Michael Schär
5 Peter Sagan Toms Skujiņš
6 Dylan Teuns Giulio Ciccone Giulio Ciccone Trek–Segafredo Tim Wellens
7 Dylan Groenewegen Yoann Offredo
8 Thomas De Gendt Julian Alaphilippe Thomas De Gendt
9 Daryl Impey Tiesj Benoot
10 Wout van Aert Egan Bernal Movistar Team Natnael Berhane
11 Caleb Ewan Aimé De Gendt
12 Simon Yates Trek–Segafredo Matteo Trentin
13 Julian Alaphilippe Enric Mas no award
14 Thibaut Pinot Egan Bernal Movistar Team Élie Gesbert
15 Simon Yates Mikel Landa
16 Caleb Ewan Alexis Gougeard
17 Matteo Trentin Trek–Segafredo Matteo Trentin
18 Nairo Quintana Romain Bardet Movistar Team Greg Van Avermaet
19 no winner[a] Egan Bernal no award[a]
20 Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali
21 Caleb Ewan no award
Final Egan Bernal Peter Sagan Romain Bardet Egan Bernal Movistar Team Julian Alaphilippe
  • On stages two and three, Peter Sagan, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Mike Teunissen wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[89][90]
  • On stages seven and eight, Egan Bernal, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Giulio Ciccone wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[91][92]
  • On stages twenty and twenty-one, David Gaudu, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Egan Bernal wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[93][94]

Final standings

Denotes the winner of the general classification[78] Denotes the winner of the mountains classification[78]
Denotes the winner of the points classification[78] Denotes the winner of the young rider classification[78]
Denotes the winner of the team classification[78] Denotes the winner of the combativity award[78]

General classification

Final general classification (1–10)[8]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Egan Bernal (COL) Team Ineos 82h 57' 00"
2  Geraint Thomas (GBR) Team Ineos + 1' 11"
3  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma + 1' 31"
4  Emanuel Buchmann (GER) Bora–Hansgrohe + 1' 56"
5  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step + 4' 05"
6  Mikel Landa (ESP) Movistar Team + 4' 23"
7  Rigoberto Urán (COL) EF Education First + 5' 15"
8  Nairo Quintana (COL) Movistar Team + 5' 30"
9  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team + 6' 12"
10  Warren Barguil (FRA) Arkéa–Samsic + 7' 32"

Points classification

Final points classification (1–10)[8]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Peter Sagan (SVK) Bora–Hansgrohe 316
2  Caleb Ewan (AUS) Lotto–Soudal 248
3  Elia Viviani (ITA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step 224
4  Sonny Colbrelli (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 209
5  Michael Matthews (AUS) Team Sunweb 201
6  Matteo Trentin (ITA) Mitchelton–Scott 192
7  Jasper Stuyven (BEL) Trek–Segafredo 167
8  Greg Van Avermaet (BEL) CCC Team 149
9  Dylan Groenewegen (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma 146
10  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step 119

Mountains classification

Final mountains classification (1–10)[8]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Romain Bardet (FRA) AG2R La Mondiale 86
2  Egan Bernal (COL) Team Ineos 78
3  Tim Wellens (BEL) Lotto–Soudal 75
4  Damiano Caruso (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 67
5  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 59
6  Simon Yates (GBR) Mitchelton–Scott 59
7  Nairo Quintana (COL) Movistar Team 58
8  Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ) Astana 45
9  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma 44
10  Mikel Landa (ESP) Movistar Team 42

Young rider classification

Final young rider classification (1–10)[8]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Egan Bernal (COL) Team Ineos 79h 52' 52"
2  David Gaudu (FRA) Groupama–FDJ + 24' 03"
3  Enric Mas (ESP) Deceuninck–Quick-Step + 58' 20"
4  Laurens De Plus (BEL) Team Jumbo–Visma + 1h 02' 44"
5  Gregor Mühlberger (AUT) Bora–Hansgrohe + 1h 04' 40"
6  Giulio Ciccone (ITA) Trek–Segafredo + 1h 20' 49"
7  Lennard Kämna (GER) Team Sunweb + 1h 39' 36"
8  Tiesj Benoot (BEL) Lotto–Soudal + 2h 07' 33"
9  Nils Politt (GER) Team Katusha–Alpecin + 2h 14' 28"
10  Élie Gesbert (FRA) Arkéa–Samsic + 2h 33' 02"

Team classification

Final team classification (1–10)[8]
Rank Team Time
1 Movistar Team 248h 58' 15"
2 Trek–Segafredo + 47' 54"
3 Team Ineos + 57' 52"
4 EF Education First + 1h 25' 57"
5 Bora–Hansgrohe + 1h 29' 30"
6 Groupama–FDJ + 1h 42' 29"
7 Team Jumbo–Visma + 1h 52' 55"
8 AG2R La Mondiale + 2h 08' 56"
9 UAE Team Emirates + 2h 10' 32"
10 Astana + 2h 27' 37"

See also

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Sports List

Air sports
• Aerobatics
• Air racing
• Cluster ballooning
• Hopper ballooning

Wingsuit flying
• Gliding
• Hang gliding
• Powered hang glider
• Human powered aircraft
• Model aircraft
• Parachuting
• Banzai skydiving
• BASE jumping
• Skydiving
• Skysurfing
• Wingsuit flying
• Paragliding
• Powered paragliding
• Paramotoring
• Ultralight aviation

• Field archery
• Flight archery
• Gungdo
• Indoor archery
• Kyūdō
• Popinjay
• Target archery

Ball-over-net games
• Badminton
• Ball badminton
• Biribol
• Bossaball
• Fistball
• Footbag net
• Football tennis
• Footvolley
• Hooverball
• Jianzi
• Padel
• Peteca
• Pickleball
• Platform tennis
• Sepak takraw
• Sipa
• Throwball
• Volleyball
• Beach volleyball
• Water volleyball
• Paralympic volleyball
• Wallyball
• Ringo

Basketball family
• Basketball
• Beach basketball
• Deaf basketball
• Streetball
• Water basketball
• Wheelchair basketball
• Cestoball
• Korfball
• Netball
• Fastnet
• Indoor netball
• Ringball
• Slamball

Bat-and-ball (safe haven)
• Baseball
• Softball
• Slow pitch
• Fast-pitch softball
• 16-inch softball
• Bat and trap
• British baseball – four posts
• Brännboll – four bases
• Corkball – four bases (no base-running)
• Cricket – two creases
• Indoor cricket
• Limited overs cricket
• One Day International
• Test cricket
• Twenty20
• Danish longball
• Kickball
• Kilikiti
• Lapta – two salos (bases)
• The Massachusetts Game – four bases
• Matball
• Oina
• Old cat – variable
• Over-the-line – qv
• Palant
• Pesäpallo – four bases
• Punchball
• Rounders – four bases or posts
• Scrub baseball – four bases (not a team game per se)
• Stickball – variable
• Stool ball – two stools
• Tee-ball
• Town ball – variable
• Vigoro – two wickets
• Wireball
• Wiffleball

Baton twirling
• Baton twirling

Acro sports
• Ballet
• Dancing
• Cheerleading
• Gymnastics

Performance sports
• Drum corps
• Marching band

Board sports

• Skateboarding
• Scootering
• Casterboarding
• Freeboard (skateboard)
• Longboarding
• Streetboarding
• Skysurfing
• Streetluge
• Snowboarding
• Mountainboarding
• Sandboarding
• Snowkiting
• Surfing
• Wakesurfing
• Bodyboarding
• Riverboarding
• Skimboarding
• Windsurfing
• Wakeboarding
• Kneeboarding
• Paddleboarding

Catch games
• Dodgeball
• Ga-ga
• Keep away
• Kin-Ball
• Newcomb ball
• Quidditch
• Rundown (a.k.a. Pickle)
• Yukigassen


• Abseiling
• Aid climbing
• Ice climbing
• Mixed climbing
• Mountaineering
• Rock climbing
• Bouldering
• Deep-water soloing
• Sport climbing
• Traditional climbing
• Other
• Canyoning (Canyoneering)
• Coasteering
• Hiking
• Rope climbing
• Pole climbing


• Artistic cycling
• Cyclo-cross
• Cross-country mountain biking
• Cycle polo
• Cycle speedway
• Downhill mountain biking
• Dirt jumping
• Enduro mountain biking
• Freestyle BMX
• Hardcourt Bike Polo
• Road bicycle racing
• Track cycling
• Underwater cycling

• Skibobbing


• Mountain unicycling
• Unicycling
• Unicycle basketball
• Unicycle hockey
• Unicycle trials
Combat sports: wrestling and martial arts
• Aiki-jūjutsu
• Aikido
• Jujutsu
• Judo
• Brazilian jiu-jitsu
• Sambo (martial art)
• Sumo
• Wrestling
• Amateur wrestling
• Greco-Roman wrestling
• Freestyle wrestling
• Folk wrestling
• Boli Khela
• Collar-and-elbow
• Cornish wrestling
• Dumog
• Glima
• Gouren
• Kurash
• Lancashire wrestling
• Catch wrestling
• Malla-yuddha
• Mongolian wrestling
• Pehlwani
• Professional wrestling
• Schwingen
• Shuai jiao
• Ssireum
• Varzesh-e Pahlavani
• Yağlı Güreş
• Greek wrestling


• Choi Kwang-Do
• Cockfighting
• Boxing
• Bokator
• Capoeira
• Fujian White Crane
• Karate
• Kenpō
• Kickboxing
• Lethwei
• Muay Thai
• Pradal serey
• Sanshou
• Savate
• Shaolin Kung Fu
• Sikaran
• Silat
• Subak
• Taekkyeon
• Taekwondo
• Taidō
• Tang Soo Do
• Wing Chun
• Zui quan

Mixed or hybrid
• Baguazhang
• Bando
• Bartitsu
• Bujinkan
• Hapkido
• Hwa Rang Do
• Jeet Kune Do
• Kajukenbo
• Kalaripayattu
• Krav Maga
• Kuk Sool Won
• Marine Corps Martial Arts Program
• Mixed martial arts
• Northern Praying Mantis
• Ninjutsu
• Pankration
• Pencak Silat
• Sanshou
• Shidōkan Karate
• Shōrin-ryū Shidōkan
• Shoot boxing
• Shootfighting
• Shorinji Kempo
• Systema
• T'ai chi ch'uan
• Vajra-mushti
• Vale tudo
• Vovinam
• Xing Yi Quan
• Zen Bu Kan Kempo

• Axe throwing
• Battōjutsu
• Boffer fighting
• Eskrima
• Egyptian stick fencing
• Fencing
• Gatka
• Hojōjutsu
• Iaidō
• Iaijutsu
• Jōdō
• Jogo do pau
• Jūkendō
• Jittejutsu
• Kendo
• Kenjutsu
• Krabi–krabong
• Kung fu
• Kyūdō
• Kyūjutsu
• Modern Arnis
• Naginatajutsu
• Nguni stick-fighting
• Okinawan kobudō
• Shurikenjutsu
• Silambam
• Sōjutsu
• Sword fighting
• Wushu
• Kumdo
• Wing Chun

• Airsoft
• Laser tag
• Paintball

Cue sports
• Carom billiards
• Three-cushion
• Five-pins
• Balkline and straight rail
• Cushion caroms
• Four-ball (yotsudama)
• Artistic billiards
• Novuss (and cued forms of carrom)
• Pocket billiards (pool)
• Eight-ball
• Blackball (a.k.a. British eight-ball pool)
• Nine-ball
• Straight pool (14.1 continuous)
• One-pocket
• Three-ball
• Seven-ball
• Ten-ball
• Rotation
• Baseball pocket billiards
• Cribbage (pool)
• Bank pool
• Artistic pool
• Trick shot competition
• Speed pool
• Bowlliards
• Chicago
• Kelly pool
• Cutthroat
• Killer
• Russian pyramid
• Snooker
• Sinuca brasileira
• Six-red snooker
• Snooker plus
• Hybrid carom–pocket games
• English billiards
• Bottle pool
• Cowboy
• Obstacle variations
• Bagatelle
• Bar billiards
• Bumper pool
• Table Sports
• Foosball

Equine sports
• Buzkashi
• Barrel racing
• Campdrafting
• Cirit
• Charreada
• Chilean rodeo
• Cross country
• Cutting
• Dressage
• Endurance riding
• English pleasure
• Equitation
• Eventing
• Equestrian vaulting
• Gymkhana
• Harness racing
• Horse racing
• Horseball
• Hunter
• Hunter-jumpers
• Jousting
• Pato
• Reining
• Rodeo
• Show jumping
• Steeplechase
• Team penning
• Tent pegging
• Western pleasure

• Angling
• Big-game fishing
• Casting
• Noodling
• Spearfishing
• Sport fishing
• Surf fishing
• Rock fishing
• Fly fishing
• Ice fishing

Flying disc sports

• Beach ultimate
• Disc dog
• Disc golf
• Disc golf (urban)
• Dodge disc
• Double disc court
• Flutterguts
• Freestyle
• Freestyle competition
• Goaltimate
• Guts
• Hot box
• Ultimate


• Ancient games
• Chinlone
• Cuju
• Episkyros
• Harpastum
• Kemari
• Ki-o-rahi
• Marn Grook
• Woggabaliri
• Yubi lakpi
• Medieval football
• Ba game
• Caid
• Calcio Fiorentino
• Camping (game)
• Chester-le-Street
• Cnapan
• Cornish hurling
• Haxey Hood
• Knattleikr
• La soule
• Lelo burti
• Mob football
• Royal Shrovetide Football
• Uppies and Downies
• Association football
• Jorkyball
• Paralympic football
• Powerchair Football
• Reduced variants
• Five-a-side football
• Beach soccer
• Futebol de Salão
• Futsal
• Papi fut
• Indoor soccer
• Masters Football
• Street football
• Freestyle football
• Keepie uppie
• Swamp football
• Three sided football
• Australian football
• Nine-a-side footy
• Rec footy
• Metro footy
• English school games
• Eton College
• Field game
• Wall game
• Harrow football
• Gaelic football
• Ladies' Gaelic football
• Gridiron football
• American football
• Eight-man football
• Flag football
• Indoor football
• Arena football
• Nine-man football
• Six-man football
• Sprint football
• Touch football
• Canadian football
• Street football (American)
• Rugby football
• Beach rugby
• Rugby league
• Masters Rugby League
• Mod league
• Rugby league nines
• Rugby league sevens
• Tag rugby
• Touch football
• Wheelchair rugby league
• Rugby union
• American flag rugby
• Mini rugby
• Rugby sevens
• Tag rugby
• Touch rugby
• Rugby tens
• Snow rugby
• Hybrid codes
• Austus
• Eton wall game
• International rules football
• Samoa rules
• Speedball
• Universal football
• Volata


• Miniature golf
• Match play
• Skins game
• Speed golf
• Stroke play
• Team play
• Shotgun start


• Acrobatic gymnastics
• Aerobic gymnastics
• Artistic gymnastics
• Balance beam
• Floor
• High bar
• Parallel bars
• Pommel horse
• Still rings
• Uneven bars
• Vault
• Juggling
• Rhythmic gymnastics
• Ball
• Club
• Hoop
• Ribbon
• Rope
• Rope jumping
• Slacklining
• Trampolining
• Trapeze
• Flying trapeze
• Static trapeze
• Tumbling

Handball family
• Goalball
• Hitbal
• Tchoukball
• Team handball
• Beach handball
• Czech handball
• Field handball
• Torball
• Water polo


• Beagling
• Big game hunting
• Deer hunting
• Fox hunting
• Hare coursing
• Wolf hunting

Ice sports
• Bandy
• Rink bandy
• Broomball
• Curling
• Ice hockey
• Ringette
• Ice yachting
• Figure skating

Kite sports
• Kite buggy
• Kite fighting
• Kite landboarding
• Kitesurfing
• Parasailing
• Snow kiting
• Sport kite (Stunt kite)

Mixed discipline
• Adventure racing
• Biathlon
• Duathlon
• Decathlon
• Heptathlon
• Icosathlon
• Modern pentathlon
• Pentathlon
• Tetrathlon
• Triathlon

Orienteering family
• Geocaching
• Orienteering
• Rogaining
• Letterboxing
• Waymarking

Pilota family
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Jai alai
• Fives
• Eton Fives
• Rugby Fives
• Frisian handball
• Four square
• Gaelic handball
• Jeu de paume
• Palla
• Patball
• Valencian pilota

Racquet (or racket) sports
• Badminton
• Ball badminton
• Basque pelota
• Frontenis
• Xare
• Beach tennis
• Fives
• Matkot
• Padel
• Paleta Frontón
• Pelota mixteca
• Pickleball
• Platform tennis
• Qianball
• Racketlon
• Racquetball
• Racquets
• Real tennis
• Soft tennis
• Speed-ball
• Speedminton
• Squash
• Hardball squash
• Squash tennis
• Stické
• Table tennis
• Tennis
Remote control
• Model aerobatics
• RC racing
• Robot combat
• Slot car racing

• Bullriding
• Barrel Racing
• Bronc Riding
• Saddle Bronc Riding
• Roping
• Calf Roping
• Team Roping
• Steer Wrestling
• Goat Tying

• Endurance
• 5K run
• 10K run
• Cross-country running
• Half marathon
• Marathon
• Road running
• Tower running
• Ultramarathon
• Sprint
• Hurdles

Sailing / Windsurfing
• Ice yachting
• Land sailing
• Land windsurfing
• Sailing
• Windsurfing
• Kiteboarding
• Dinghy sailing

Snow sports
• Alpine skiing
• Freestyle skiing
• Nordic combined
• Nordic skiing
• Cross-country skiing
• Telemark skiing
• Ski jumping
• Ski touring
• Skijoring
• Speed skiing

Sled sports

• Bobsleigh
• Luge
• Skibobbing
• Skeleton
• Toboggan

Shooting sports
• Clay pigeon shooting
• Skeet shooting
• Trap shooting
• Sporting clays
• Target shooting
• Field target
• Fullbore target rifle
• High power rifle
• Benchrest shooting
• Metallic silhouette
• Practical shooting
• Cowboy action shooting
• Metallic silhouette shooting
• Card stacking
• Dice stacking
• Sport stacking

Stick and ball games
• Hornussen

• Hockey
• Ball hockey
• Bando
• Bandy
• Rink bandy
• Broomball
• Moscow broomball
• Field hockey
• Indoor field hockey
• Floorball
• Ice hockey

Ice hockey 
 • Pond hockey
• Power hockey
• Ringette
• Sledge hockey
• Underwater ice hockey
• Roller hockey
• Inline hockey
• Roller hockey (Quad)
• Skater hockey
• Rossall Hockey
• Spongee
• Street hockey
• Underwater hockey
• Unicycle hockey

Hurling and shinty
• Cammag
• Hurling
• Camogie
• Shinty
• Composite rules shinty-hurling

• Lacrosse
• Box lacrosse
• Field lacrosse
• Women's lacrosse
• Intercrosse

• Polo
 • Bicycle polo
• Canoe polo
• Cowboy polo
• Elephant polo
• Horse polo
• Segway polo
• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

• Rafting
• White water rafting

• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
• Cliff diving
• Diving

• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding