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완다 메트로폴리타노 (5098 views - Sports List)

완다 메트로폴리타노(스페인어: Wanda Metropolitano)는 스페인 마드리드에 위치한 경기장이다. 2017-18 라리가 시즌부터 에스타디오 비센테 칼데론을 대체한 아틀레티코 마드리드의 홈 구장으로 사용되고 있다.
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완다 메트로폴리타노

완다 메트로폴리타노

완다 메트로폴리타노
전체 이름 Wanda Metropolitano
원어 이름 Wanda Metropolitano
별칭 라 페이네타 (La Peineta)
소재지 스페인 마드리드
좌표 북위 40° 26′ 10″ 서경 3° 35′ 58″ / 북위 40.43611° 서경 3.59944°  / 40.43611; -3.59944좌표: 북위 40° 26′ 10″ 서경 3° 35′ 58″ / 북위 40.43611° 서경 3.59944°  / 40.43611; -3.59944
기공 1990년
건설 기간 1990년 ~ 1993년
개장 1994년 9월 6일
보수 2017년
폐장 2004년
소유 마드리드 지방 자치 정부 (1992년 ~ 2002년)
마드리드 시청 (2002년 ~ 2017년)
아틀레티코 마드리드 (2017년 ~ 현재)
운영 아틀레티코 마드리드
표면 잔디
건설 비용 4,500만 유로 (1994년)
2억 4,000만 유로 (2017년)
설계 크루스 이 오르티스 아르키텍토스 (Cruz y Ortiz Arquitectos)
사용처 아틀레티코 마드리드 (2017년 ~ 현재)
수용인원 67,703
규모 105 m × 68 m

완다 메트로폴리타노(스페인어: Wanda Metropolitano)는 스페인 마드리드에 위치한 경기장이다. 2017-18 라리가 시즌부터 에스타디오 비센테 칼데론을 대체한 아틀레티코 마드리드의 홈 구장으로 사용되고 있다.

이름

경기장의 모습이 스페인의 전통적인 모양과 비슷하기 때문에 스페인어로 "빗"이라는 뜻을 가진 에스타디오 데 라 페이네타(Estadio de La Peineta)라는 별칭으로 부르기도 한다. 과거에는 에스타디오 데 라 코무니다드 데 마드리드(Estadio de la Comunidad de Madrid, 마드리드 공동체 경기장), 에스타디오 올림피코 데 마드리드(Estadio Olímpico de Madrid, 마드리드 올림픽 경기장)라는 이름을 사용했다.

현재의 경기장 이름은 2016년 12월 9일에 중국의 기업 완다 그룹이 경기장 스폰서 계약을 체결하면서 붙여진 이름이다. "메트로폴리타노"(Metropolitano)라는 이름은 1923년부터 1966년까지 아틀레티코 마드리드의 홈 구장으로 사용된 경기장인 에스타디오 메트로폴리타노 데 마드리드(Estadio Metropolitano de Madrid)를 계승하기 위한 차원에서 붙여진 이름이다. 경기장 스폰서에 관한 유럽 축구 연맹(UEFA)의 규정에 따라 UEFA에서는 에스타디오 메트로폴리타노(Estadio Metropolitano)라는 이름을 사용한다.

역사

1990년부터 1993년까지 경기장 공사가 진행되었으며 스페인의 건축가인 안토니오 크루스(Antonio Cruz), 안토니오 오르티스(Antonio Ortiz)가 경기장 설계를 맡았다. 1994년 9월 6일에 개장하던 당시에 라 페이네타는 20,000명을 수용할 수 있는 규모를 갖고 있었다. 1990년대 초반에 마드리드 지방 체육 당국은 라 페이네타를 1997년 세계 육상 선수권 대회 경기장으로 사용할 계획을 세웠지만 스페인 마드리드가 대회 유치 과정에서 그리스 아테네에 패배하면서 좌절되고 만다.

2002년에는 스페인 마드리드에서 개최된 IAAF 콘티넨털컵 경기장으로 사용되었을 정도로 육상 경기장으로 사용되기도 했지만 2004년에 폐장했다. 마드리드가 2012년 하계 올림픽, 2016년 하계 올림픽, 2020년 하계 올림픽 유치에 나서던 동안에는 하계 올림픽 개막식장, 폐막식장, 육상 경기장으로 사용할 계획을 갖고 있었지만 마드리드가 하계 올림픽 유치 과정에서 모두 패배하면서 무산되었다.

아틀레티코 마드리드는 2013년 9월 11일에 라 페이네타를 새로운 홈 구장으로 사용한다고 발표했으며 2016년 12월 9일에는 경기장 이름을 "완다 메트로폴리타노"로 명명한다고 밝혔다. 2017년 9월 16일 아틀레티코 마드리드는 완다 메트로폴리타노에서 말라가와의 2017-18 라리가 시즌의 첫 번째 홈 경기를 치렀다. 아틀레티코 마드리드는 이 경기에서 앙투안 그리즈만의 결승골에 힘입어 1-0으로 승리했다. 2017년 9월 20일 UEFA는 UEFA 챔피언스리그 2018-19 결승전 경기가 완다 메트로폴리타노에서 개최된다고 밝혔다.

구조

새 경기장은 67,703명을 수용할 수 있는 규모를 갖고 있으며 경기장 전체가 지붕에 덮여 있다. 경기장 안에는 귀빈 7,000명을 수용할 수 있는 좌석이 설치되어 있는데 79개의 귀빈 전용 좌석은 '넵투노 프레미움'(Neptuno Premium)이라고 부르기도 한다. 경기장 안쪽과 바깥쪽에는 자동차 4,000대를 수용할 수 있는 주차장이 설치되어 있는데 경기장 안쪽에 있는 주차장은 자동차 1,000대, 경기장 바깥쪽에 있는 주차장은 3,000대를 수용할 수 있다.

교통

경기장 입구 인근에는 스페인의 수도인 마드리드 외곽 지역을 순환하는 스페인 고속도로 M-40호선이 지나간다. 마드리드 지하철 7호선 에스타디오 메트로폴리타노 역(Estadio Metropolitano)을 통해 접근할 수 있다.

사진



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "완다 메트로폴리타노", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Sports List

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Bat-and-ball (safe haven)
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Baton twirling
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Acro sports
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Performance sports
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Board sports

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Catch games
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Climbing

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Cycling

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Skibob
• Skibobbing

Unicycle

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Combat sports: wrestling and martial arts
• Aiki-jūjutsu
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• Jujutsu
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• Brazilian jiu-jitsu
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• Professional wrestling
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• Shuai jiao
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• Varzesh-e Pahlavani
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Striking

• Choi Kwang-Do
• Cockfighting
• Boxing
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• Capoeira
• Fujian White Crane
• Karate
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• Kickboxing
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• Subak
• Taekkyeon
• Taekwondo
• Taidō
• Tang Soo Do
• Wing Chun
• Zui quan

Mixed or hybrid
• Baguazhang
• Bando
• Bartitsu
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• Hapkido
• Hwa Rang Do
• Jeet Kune Do
• Kajukenbo
• Kalaripayattu
• Krav Maga
• Kuk Sool Won
• Marine Corps Martial Arts Program
• Mixed martial arts
• Northern Praying Mantis
• Ninjutsu
• Pankration
• Pencak Silat
• Sanshou
• Shidōkan Karate
• Shōrin-ryū Shidōkan
• Shoot boxing
• Shootfighting
• Shorinji Kempo
• Systema
• T'ai chi ch'uan
• Vajra-mushti
• Vale tudo
• Vovinam
• Xing Yi Quan
• Zen Bu Kan Kempo

Weapons
• Axe throwing
• Battōjutsu
• Boffer fighting
• Eskrima
• Egyptian stick fencing
• Fencing
• Gatka
• Hojōjutsu
• Iaidō
• Iaijutsu
• Jōdō
• Jogo do pau
• Jūkendō
• Jittejutsu
• Kendo
• Kenjutsu
• Krabi–krabong
• Kung fu
• Kyūdō
• Kyūjutsu
• Modern Arnis
• Naginatajutsu
• Nguni stick-fighting
• Okinawan kobudō
• Shurikenjutsu
• Silambam
• Sōjutsu
• Sword fighting
• Wushu
• Kumdo
• Wing Chun


Skirmish
• Airsoft
• Laser tag
• Paintball


Cue sports
• Carom billiards
• Three-cushion
• Five-pins
• Balkline and straight rail
• Cushion caroms
• Four-ball (yotsudama)
• Artistic billiards
• Novuss (and cued forms of carrom)
• Pocket billiards (pool)
• Eight-ball
• Blackball (a.k.a. British eight-ball pool)
• Nine-ball
• Straight pool (14.1 continuous)
• One-pocket
• Three-ball
• Seven-ball
• Ten-ball
• Rotation
• Baseball pocket billiards
• Cribbage (pool)
• Bank pool
• Artistic pool
• Trick shot competition
• Speed pool
• Bowlliards
• Chicago
• Kelly pool
• Cutthroat
• Killer
• Russian pyramid
• Snooker
• Sinuca brasileira
• Six-red snooker
• Snooker plus
• Hybrid carom–pocket games
• English billiards
• Bottle pool
• Cowboy
• Obstacle variations
• Bagatelle
• Bar billiards
• Bumper pool
• Table Sports
• Foosball


Equine sports
• Buzkashi
• Barrel racing
• Campdrafting
• Cirit
• Charreada
• Chilean rodeo
• Cross country
• Cutting
• Dressage
• Endurance riding
• English pleasure
• Equitation
• Eventing
• Equestrian vaulting
• Gymkhana
• Harness racing
• Horse racing
• Horseball
• Hunter
• Hunter-jumpers
• Jousting
• Pato
• Reining
• Rodeo
• Show jumping
• Steeplechase
• Team penning
• Tent pegging
• Western pleasure


Fishing
• Angling
• Big-game fishing
• Casting
• Noodling
• Spearfishing
• Sport fishing
• Surf fishing
• Rock fishing
• Fly fishing
• Ice fishing

Flying disc sports

• Beach ultimate
• Disc dog
• Disc golf
• Disc golf (urban)
• Dodge disc
• Double disc court
• Flutterguts
• Freestyle
• Freestyle competition
• Goaltimate
• Guts
• Hot box
• Ultimate

Football

• Ancient games
• Chinlone
• Cuju
• Episkyros
• Harpastum
• Kemari
• Ki-o-rahi
• Marn Grook
• Woggabaliri
• Yubi lakpi
• Medieval football
• Ba game
• Caid
• Calcio Fiorentino
• Camping (game)
• Chester-le-Street
• Cnapan
• Cornish hurling
• Haxey Hood
• Knattleikr
• La soule
• Lelo burti
• Mob football
• Royal Shrovetide Football
• Uppies and Downies
• Association football
• Jorkyball
• Paralympic football
• Powerchair Football
• Reduced variants
• Five-a-side football
• Beach soccer
• Futebol de Salão
• Futsal
• Papi fut
• Indoor soccer
• Masters Football
• Street football
• Freestyle football
• Keepie uppie
• Swamp football
• Three sided football
• Australian football
• Nine-a-side footy
• Rec footy
• Metro footy
• English school games
• Eton College
• Field game
• Wall game
• Harrow football
• Gaelic football
• Ladies' Gaelic football
• Gridiron football
• American football
• Eight-man football
• Flag football
• Indoor football
• Arena football
• Nine-man football
• Six-man football
• Sprint football
• Touch football
• Canadian football
• Street football (American)
• Rugby football
• Beach rugby
• Rugby league
• Masters Rugby League
• Mod league
• Rugby league nines
• Rugby league sevens
• Tag rugby
• Touch football
• Wheelchair rugby league
• Rugby union
• American flag rugby
• Mini rugby
• Rugby sevens
• Tag rugby
• Touch rugby
• Rugby tens
• Snow rugby
• Hybrid codes
• Austus
• Eton wall game
• International rules football
• Samoa rules
• Speedball
• Universal football
• Volata


Golf

• Miniature golf
• Match play
• Skins game
• Speed golf
• Stroke play
• Team play
• Shotgun start

Gymnastics

• Acrobatic gymnastics
• Aerobic gymnastics
• Artistic gymnastics
• Balance beam
• Floor
• High bar
• Parallel bars
• Pommel horse
• Still rings
• Uneven bars
• Vault
• Juggling
• Rhythmic gymnastics
• Ball
• Club
• Hoop
• Ribbon
• Rope
• Rope jumping
• Slacklining
• Trampolining
• Trapeze
• Flying trapeze
• Static trapeze
• Tumbling

Handball family
• Goalball
• Hitbal
• Tchoukball
• Team handball
• Beach handball
• Czech handball
• Field handball
• Torball
• Water polo

Hunting

• Beagling
• Big game hunting
• Deer hunting
• Fox hunting
• Hare coursing
• Wolf hunting

Ice sports
• Bandy
• Rink bandy
• Broomball
• Curling
• Ice hockey
• Ringette
• Ice yachting
• Figure skating


Kite sports
• Kite buggy
• Kite fighting
• Kite landboarding
• Kitesurfing
• Parasailing
• Snow kiting
• Sport kite (Stunt kite)

Mixed discipline
• Adventure racing
• Biathlon
• Duathlon
• Decathlon
• Heptathlon
• Icosathlon
• Modern pentathlon
• Pentathlon
• Tetrathlon
• Triathlon

Orienteering family
• Geocaching
• Orienteering
• Rogaining
• Letterboxing
• Waymarking

Pilota family
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Jai alai
• Fives
• Eton Fives
• Rugby Fives
• Frisian handball
• Four square
• Gaelic handball
• Jeu de paume
• Palla
• Patball
• Valencian pilota

Racquet (or racket) sports
• Badminton
• Ball badminton
• Basque pelota
• Frontenis
• Xare
• Beach tennis
• Fives
• Matkot
• Padel
• Paleta Frontón
• Pelota mixteca
• Pickleball
• Platform tennis
• Qianball
• Racketlon
• Racquetball
• Racquets
• Real tennis
• Soft tennis
• Speed-ball
• Speedminton
• Squash
• Hardball squash
• Squash tennis
• Stické
• Table tennis
• Tennis
Remote control
• Model aerobatics
• RC racing
• Robot combat
• Slot car racing

Rodeo-originated
• Bullriding
• Barrel Racing
• Bronc Riding
• Saddle Bronc Riding
• Roping
• Calf Roping
• Team Roping
• Steer Wrestling
• Goat Tying

Running
• Endurance
• 5K run
• 10K run
• Cross-country running
• Half marathon
• Marathon
• Road running
• Tower running
• Ultramarathon
• Sprint
• Hurdles

Sailing / Windsurfing
• Ice yachting
• Land sailing
• Land windsurfing
• Sailing
• Windsurfing
• Kiteboarding
• Dinghy sailing

Snow sports
• Alpine skiing
• Freestyle skiing
• Nordic combined
• Nordic skiing
• Cross-country skiing
• Telemark skiing
• Ski jumping
• Ski touring
• Skijoring
• Speed skiing

Sled sports

• Bobsleigh
• Luge
• Skibobbing
• Skeleton
• Toboggan

Shooting sports
• Clay pigeon shooting
• Skeet shooting
• Trap shooting
• Sporting clays
• Target shooting
• Field target
• Fullbore target rifle
• High power rifle
• Benchrest shooting
• Metallic silhouette
• Practical shooting
• Cowboy action shooting
• Metallic silhouette shooting
Stacking
• Card stacking
• Dice stacking
• Sport stacking

Stick and ball games
• Hornussen

Hockey
• Hockey
• Ball hockey
• Bando
• Bandy
• Rink bandy
• Broomball
• Moscow broomball
• Field hockey
• Indoor field hockey
• Floorball
• Ice hockey

Ice hockey 
 • Pond hockey
• Power hockey
• Ringette
• Sledge hockey
• Underwater ice hockey
• Roller hockey
• Inline hockey
• Roller hockey (Quad)
• Skater hockey
• Rossall Hockey
• Spongee
• Street hockey
• Underwater hockey
• Unicycle hockey

Hurling and shinty
• Cammag
• Hurling
• Camogie
• Shinty
• Composite rules shinty-hurling

Lacrosse
• Lacrosse
• Box lacrosse
• Field lacrosse
• Women's lacrosse
• Intercrosse


Polo
• Polo
 • Bicycle polo
• Canoe polo
• Cowboy polo
• Elephant polo
• Horse polo
• Segway polo
• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

Walking
• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

Wall-and-ball
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

Underwater
• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding