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암벽등반 (4690 views - Sports List)

암벽등반(岩壁登攀) 또는 록 클라이밍(rock climbing) 은 자연암, 혹은 인공적으로 만들어진 벽을 오르는 행위를 말한다. 암벽등반의 목적은 정상이나 이미 개척된 루트의 끝을 오르기 위한 것이다. 암벽등반은 클라이머의 힘, 지구력, 민첩성, 밸런스 뿐만 아니라 마인드 컨트롤까지도 요구되는 운동이다. 때로는 아주 위험한 운동이 될 수 있는데 적절한 클라이밍 기술과 암벽등반에 특화된 등반장비는 클라이머의 안전한 등반에 큰 기여를 한다. 세계적으로 다양한 바위의 형태가 있기 때문에 현재 암벽등반은 몇 가지의 분류로 나눌 수 있다.
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암벽등반

암벽등반

암벽등반(岩壁登攀) 또는 록 클라이밍(rock climbing) 은 자연암, 혹은 인공적으로 만들어진 벽을 오르는 행위를 말한다. 암벽등반의 목적은 정상이나 이미 개척된 루트의 끝을 오르기 위한 것이다.

암벽등반은 클라이머의 힘, 지구력, 민첩성, 밸런스 뿐만 아니라 마인드 컨트롤까지도 요구되는 운동이다. 때로는 아주 위험한 운동이 될 수 있는데 적절한 클라이밍 기술과 암벽등반에 특화된 등반장비는 클라이머의 안전한 등반에 큰 기여를 한다. 세계적으로 다양한 바위의 형태가 있기 때문에 현재 암벽등반은 몇 가지의 분류로 나눌 수 있다.

등급

UIAA(Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme)
국제산악연맹
YDS(Yosemite Decimal System)
요세미티 십진체계 미국식
YDS
(USA)
British French UIAA Saxon Ewbank
(AUS, NZL)
Ewbank
South Africa
Nordic Brazil
Tech Adj Finnish SWE/NOR
3-4 1 M 1 I I 1-2 1-2 1 1 I
5.0 3-4 3-4 I sup
5.1 2 2 II II 5-6 5-6 2 2 II
5.2 D 7-8 7-8 II sup
5.3 3 3 III III 8-9 8-9 3 3
5.4 VD 4a IV IV 10-11 10-11 4 4 III
5.5 4a S 4b IV+ V 11-12 11-12 5− 5− III sup
5.6 4b HS 4c V VI 13 13 5 5 IV
5.7 4c VS 5a V+ 14-15 14-15
5.8 HVS 5b VI- VIIa 15-16 16 5+ 5+ IV sup
5.9 5a 5c VI VIIb 17 17-18 6− V
5.10a E1 6a VI+ VIIc 18 19 6− VI
5.10b 5b 6a+ VII- 19 20 6
5.10c E2 6b VII VIIIa 20 21 6 6+ VI sup
5.10d 5c 6b+ VII+ VIIIb 22 7-
5.11a E3 6c
6c+
VIIIc 21 6+ 7a
5.11b VIII- 22 23 7 7b
5.11c 6a E4 IXa 23 24 7− 7+ 7c
5.11d 7a VIII IXb 24 25 7
5.12a E5 7a+ VIII+ IXc 25 26 7+ 8− 8a
5.12b 7b 26 27 8− 8b
5.12c 6b E6 7b+ IX− Xa 27 28 8 8 8c
5.12d 7c IX Xb 28 29 8+ 9a
5.13a E7 7c+ IX+ Xc 29 30 9− 8+ 9b
5.13b 6c 8a 31 9 9- 9c
5.13c E8 8a+ X− XIa 30 32 9+ 10a
5.13d E9 8b X XIb 31 33 10− 9 10b
5.14a 7a E10 8b+ X+ XIc 32 34 10 10c
5.14b 8c 33 35 10+ 9+ 11a
5.14c 7b E11 8c+ XI− 34 36 11− 11b
5.14d 9a XI 35 37 11 11c
5.15a 9a+ XI+ 36 38 12a
5.15b 9b XI+/XII− 37 39 12b
5.15c 9b+ XII- 38 40 12c

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "암벽등반", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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Cue sports
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Flying disc sports

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Golf

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Gymnastics

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Handball family
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Hunting

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• Big game hunting
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Ice sports
• Bandy
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• Ice yachting
• Figure skating


Kite sports
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Mixed discipline
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Orienteering family
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Pilota family
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Racquet (or racket) sports
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Rodeo-originated
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Running
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Sailing / Windsurfing
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Snow sports
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Sled sports

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Shooting sports
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Stacking
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Stick and ball games
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Hockey
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Ice hockey 
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Hurling and shinty
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Lacrosse
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• Women's lacrosse
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Polo
• Polo
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Street sports
• Free running
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• Powerbocking
• Parkour
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• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
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• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
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Walking
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Wall-and-ball
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• International fronton
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• Suicide (game)
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Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
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Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
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Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
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Underwater
• Underwater football
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Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
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• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
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• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
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• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
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• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding