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알파인 스키 (6958 views - Sports List)

알파인 스키(alpine skiing)는 뒷꿈치가 고정된 바인딩을 사용한 스키를 타고 눈 덮인 슬로프를 내려오는 스포츠이다. 크로스 컨트리 스키, 스키 점프, 텔레마크 스키와 같이 비고정식 바인딩을 사용하는 산악 스키 혹은 노르딕 스키 스타일의 스포츠와 대조된다. 유럽, 북아메리카, 오스트레일리아, 뉴질랜드, 남아메리카 안데스, 그리고 동아시아 등지에서 눈과 슬로프, 관광객의 조합이 갖춰진 곳이라면 어디에서나 인기 있는 스포츠로 자리 잡고 있다. 알파인 스키는 1861년 오스트레일리아 뉴사우스웨일스 주 키앤드라(Kiandra)와 북아메리카, 오스트리아 및 스위스 알프스 지역의 일부 유사한 성격의 클럽에서 클럽 스포츠로서 시작되었다. 오늘날 알파인 스키는 대부분 리프트 시설을 갖춘 스키장에서 행해진다. 이러한 시설에서는 설질이 특별히 관리되고 눈사태 예방을 위한 조치들이 취해지며 코스를 만들기 위해 나무가 베어진다. 많은 스키장 시설들이 눈이 내리지 않는 상황에서도 스키를 즐길 수 있도록 인공설 제조 장비를 운용한다. 경우에 따라 스키장처럼 관리된 환경이 아닌 순수 산악 환경에서 알파인 스키를 즐기는 것도 가능하며, 이러한 스타일을 투어링 스키, 백컨트리 스키 또는 익스트림 스키라고 부른다. 공식 알파인 스키 경기에는 회전, 대회전, 슈퍼 대회전, 활강의 4가지 부문이 있다. 회전 경기는 짧고 급격한 턴을 요구하는 코스로 구성되며, 대회전 경기의 코스는 그보다 더 넓은 회전 폭을 갖는 코스로 구성된다. 슈퍼 대회전과 활강 코스에는 턴이 적고 일부 구간에 넓은 게이트가 설치되며, 이 유형의 경기에서 슬로프를 지나치는 선수의 속도는 시속 100km에 이른다.
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알파인 스키

알파인 스키

알파인 스키

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 (Me).

알파인 스키
최고 기구 국제 스키 연맹
기원 18세기 , 알프스
특징
올림픽 1936 - 현재

알파인 스키(alpine skiing)는 뒷꿈치가 고정된 바인딩을 사용한 스키를 타고 덮인 슬로프를 내려오는 스포츠이다. 크로스 컨트리 스키, 스키 점프, 텔레마크 스키와 같이 비고정식 바인딩을 사용하는 산악 스키 혹은 노르딕 스키 스타일의 스포츠와 대조된다. 유럽, 북아메리카, 오스트레일리아, 뉴질랜드, 남아메리카 안데스, 그리고 동아시아 등지에서 눈과 슬로프, 관광객의 조합이 갖춰진 곳이라면 어디에서나 인기 있는 스포츠로 자리 잡고 있다.

알파인 스키는 1861년 오스트레일리아 뉴사우스웨일스 주 키앤드라(Kiandra)와 북아메리카, 오스트리아스위스 알프스 지역의 일부 유사한 성격의 클럽에서 클럽 스포츠로서 시작되었다. 오늘날 알파인 스키는 대부분 리프트 시설을 갖춘 스키장에서 행해진다. 이러한 시설에서는 설질이 특별히 관리되고 눈사태 예방을 위한 조치들이 취해지며 코스를 만들기 위해 나무가 베어진다. 많은 스키장 시설들이 눈이 내리지 않는 상황에서도 스키를 즐길 수 있도록 인공설 제조 장비를 운용한다. 경우에 따라 스키장처럼 관리된 환경이 아닌 순수 산악 환경에서 알파인 스키를 즐기는 것도 가능하며, 이러한 스타일을 투어링 스키, 백컨트리 스키 또는 익스트림 스키라고 부른다.

공식 알파인 스키 경기에는 회전, 대회전, 슈퍼 대회전, 활강의 4가지 부문이 있다. 회전 경기는 짧고 급격한 턴을 요구하는 코스로 구성되며, 대회전 경기의 코스는 그보다 더 넓은 회전 폭을 갖는 코스로 구성된다. 슈퍼 대회전과 활강 코스에는 턴이 적고 일부 구간에 넓은 게이트가 설치되며, 이 유형의 경기에서 슬로프를 지나치는 선수의 속도는 시속 100km에 이른다.

활강 경기

남자는 2~2.5km의 거리에 경사 16도 이상, 여자는 2km의 코스에 관문을 세우고, 이를 바르게 통과하여 결승선까지 도착한 시간으로 승부를 가리는 경기이다.

회전 경기

표고차 180~220m (여자는 120~180m) 이내에 깃발을 세워 만든 기문에 따라 정해진 코스를 스피드를 유지하면서 연속적인 턴으로 기문을 통과하는 경기이다. 남자는 55~75개의 기문을, 여자는 40~60개의 기문을 통과하여 결승전에 도착한 시간으로 승부를 가린다.

대회전 경기

활강 경기와 회전 경기가 혼합된 경기이다. 코스의 표고차는 남자는 400m 이상, 여자는 300m 이상이고 폭은 30m 이상이 되어야 한다. 코스에는 남녀 공통으로 30~35개의 기문이 설치된다. 이것이 올림픽의 정보이다.

외부 링크

이 문서에는 다음커뮤니케이션(현 카카오)에서 GFDL 또는 CC-SA 라이선스로 배포한 글로벌 세계대백과사전의 내용을 기초로 작성된 글이 포함되어 있습니다.


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "알파인 스키", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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 • Bicycle polo
• Canoe polo
• Cowboy polo
• Elephant polo
• Horse polo
• Segway polo
• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

Walking
• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

Wall-and-ball
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

Underwater
• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding