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권투 (11709 views - Sports List)

권투(拳鬪) 또는 복싱(영어: Boxing)은 격투 스포츠 종목 중 하나이다. 주먹에 글러브를 끼고 펀치만을 사용해 상대방의 상반신 전면과 측면만을 공격한다. 복싱이라는 이름이 붙은 경기로는 킥복싱, 체스 복싱 등도 있다.
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권투

권투

권투

권투(拳鬪) 또는 복싱(영어: Boxing)은 격투 스포츠 종목 중 하나이다. 주먹에 글러브를 끼고 펀치만을 사용해 상대방의 상반신 전면과 측면만을 공격한다. 복싱이라는 이름이 붙은 경기로는 킥복싱, 체스 복싱 등도 있다.

역사

고대 조각이나 벽화에 나타난 바에 따르면 권투는 BC 3000년 전에 시작되었다. 기원전 2000여 년 전의 것으로 추정되는 고대 메소포타미아의 부조를 들 수 있으며, 고대 이집트 제18왕조의 무덤에서 미ㅣ츠키나이테 발굴된 권투시합 장면이 있다. 고대 이집트에서는 다른 문명권에서와는 달리 권투가 아주 성행하지는 않았던 것으로 추정되는데, 레슬링 및 봉술에 관한 자료에 비해서 권투에 관한 유물은 이 18왕조의 것이 유일하다[1]

제23회 고대 올림픽에서 권투가 처음으로 정식종목으로 채택됐으며 최초의 금메달 리스트는 SMYRNE 이다. 제41회부터 소년 권투가 시작되었고 왼손 권투선수인 TISANDROS가 BC 572-560에 고대 올림픽에서 4연속 우승을 하였다. 그 후 기독교 신부들의 요청으로 로마 황제 호노라스가 권투를 금지했고, 서로마 제국의 멸망과 더불어 음지에서 행해지던 권투가 부활하기 시작하였다.

AD 1000년경에 공식적인 경기장에서 시합이 시작되었고 개신교도인 MERCURY가 처음으로 권투를 인정하였다. 1719년에 JAMES FIGG가 챔피언에 올랐고 이때는 체급의 구분이 없었으며 1730년까지 계속 챔피언 타이틀을 유지하였다.

1743년에 JACK BROUGHTON이 최초의 규정을 발표하여 "BROUGHTON"이라 정하였다. 그 후 1892년 글러브를 끼고, 1라운드는 3분, 휴식은 1분으로 하며, 다운이 되어 10초 이내에 일어 나지 못하면 상대편의 승리로 인정하는 퀸스베리 규칙(Queens Berry'S rule)이 제정되었다. 1896년하계 올림픽이 개최됨에 따라 세계각국에서 권투연맹이 결성되어 국제교류가 시작되었다. 1946년 국제 아마추어 권투 연맹이 영국 런던에서 발족하였고, 1964년 기준 전 세계의 권투인구는 182개국에서 약 200만명이 활동하고 있다.[2]

기술

  • 아웃 복싱(Out boxing): 원거리 전법[3]
  • 인파이팅(infighting) : 근거리 전법[3]

기구.단체

아마추어 권투

프로 권투

4대 기구

군소 기구

지역 기구

국내 기구

선수권 대회

프로권투와 아마추어 권투

복싱은 크게 프로권투와 아마추어 권투로 나뉜다. 프로권투는 대전료(Fight Money)수입을 목적으로 하는 상업적인 스포츠이며, 한국권투위원회에서 주관하는 프로테스트 에 합격해야 프로권투 선수로 활동할 수 있다. 경기시간은 1라운드(R)3분이며,헤드기어런닝셔츠를 착용하는 아마추어와는 달리 상의를 탈의하고 트렁크(Trunk,운동선수가 착용하는 팬티)를 착용한다. 고 김득구 선수가 레이 맨시니 선수와의 경기도중 뇌손상으로 죽은 사고이후 세계타이틀 경기는 12라운드, 국내타이틀 경기는 10라운드까지 경기한다.[5]

올림픽

올림픽에서의 권투는 한 경기 당 3라운드로 진행되며 3라운드가 끝나도 승부가 결정되지 않을 경우 판정으로 승부를 결정한다. 또한 권투는 다른 종목과는 달리 준결승에서 패하면 3/4위전 없이 무조건 동메달로 처리하기 때문에 다른 종목에 비해 동메달이 한개가 더 많다. 이렇게 하는 이유는 오직 선수의 안전 때문으로 경기에서 한번이라도 패한 선수는 부상(또는 사망)의 위험에 더 많이 노출되므로 두 번 다시 경기를 시키지 않기 때문에 준결승에서 패하면 무조건 동메달로 처리하는 것이다.

각주

  1. 구효송 (2006). 《신들의 축제 고대올림픽》. 상아기획. 100쪽. ISBN 89-91237-16-9. 시대를 더욱 거슬러 올라가면 기원전 2000여 년 전의 것으로 추정되는 고대 메소포타미아의 부조를 들 수 있으며, 고대 이집트 제18왕조(기원전 1536~1308)의 무덤에서 발굴된 권투시합 장면이 있다. 고대 이집트에서는 다른 문명권에서와는 달리 권투가 아주 성행하지는 않았던 것으로 추정되는데, 레슬링 및 봉술에 관한 자료에 비해서 권투에 관한 유물은 이 18왕조의 것이 유일하다. 
  2. “종목소개(유래)”. 2008년 2월 9일에 확인함. 
  3. 이상원. (맥스FC 5 관전 포인트)남자 챔피언전, 인파이팅 VS 아웃복싱. RPM9. 2016년 8월 18일.
  4. 한국권투위원회 정관
  5. 프로복싱이 K-1보다 위험한 까닭 오마이뉴스 2007년 12월 26일자


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "권투", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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• Elephant polo
• Horse polo
• Segway polo
• Yak polo

Street sports
• Free running
• Freestyle footbag
• Freestyle football
• Powerbocking
• Parkour
• Scootering
• Street workout

Tag games

• British bulldogs (American Eagle)
• Capture the flag
• Hana Ichi Monme
• Hide and seek
• Jugger
• Kabaddi
• Kho kho
• Kick the can
• Oztag
• Red rover
• Tag

Walking
• Hiking
• Backpacking (wilderness)
• Racewalking
• Bushwhacking
• Walking

Wall-and-ball
• American handball
• Australian handball
• Basque pelota
• Butts Up
• Chinese handball
• Fives
• Gaelic handball
• International fronton
• Jorkyball
• Racquetball
• Squash
• Squash tennis
• Suicide (game)
• Valencian frontó
• Wallball
• Wallyball

Aquatic & paddle sports
• Creeking
• Flyak
• Freeboating
• Sea kayaking
• Squirt boating
• Surf kayaking
• Whitewater kayaking

Rafting
• Rafting
• White water rafting

Rowing
• Rowing (sport)
• Gig racing
• Coastal and ocean rowing
• Surfboat
• Single scull
Other paddling sports
• Dragon boat racing
• Stand up paddle boarding
• Water polo
• Canoe polo
• Waboba

Underwater
• Underwater football
• Underwater rugby
• Underwater hockey

Competitive swimming
• Backstroke
• Breaststroke
• Butterfly stroke
• Freestyle swimming
• Individual medley
• Synchronized swimming
• Medley relay

Kindred activities
• Bifins (finswimming)
• Surface finswimming

Subsurface and recreational
• Apnoea finswimming
• Aquathlon (underwater wrestling)
• Freediving
• Immersion finswimming
• Scuba diving
• Spearfishing
• Snorkelling
• Sport diving (sport)
• Underwater hockey
• Underwater orienteering
• Underwater photography (sport)
• Underwater target shooting
Diving
• Cliff diving
• Diving

Weightlifting
• Basque traditional weightlifting
• Bodybuilding
• Highland games
• Olympic weightlifting
• Powerlifting
• Strength athletics (strongman)
• Steinstossen

Motorized sports
• Autocross (a.k.a. Slalom)
• Autograss
• Banger racing
• Board track racing
• Demolition derby
• Desert racing
• Dirt track racing
• Drag racing
• Drifting
• Folkrace
• Formula racing
• Formula Libre
• Formula Student
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Kart racing
• Land speed records
• Legends car racing
• Midget car racing
• Monster truck
• Mud bogging
• Off-road racing
• Pickup truck racing
• Production car racing
• Race of Champions
• Rally raid
• Rallycross
• Rallying
• Regularity rally
• Road racing
• Short track motor racing
• Snowmobile racing
• Sports car racing
• Sprint car racing
• Street racing
• Stock car racing
• Time attack
• Tractor pulling
• Touring car racing
• Truck racing
• Vintage racing
• Wheelstand competition

Motorboat racing
• Drag boat racing
• F1 powerboat racing
• Hydroplane racing
• Jet sprint boat racing
• Offshore powerboat racing
• Personal water craft

Motorcycle racing
• Auto Race
• Board track racing
• Cross-country rally
• Endurance racing
• Enduro
• Freestyle motocross
• Grand Prix motorcycle racing
• Grasstrack
• Hillclimbing
• Ice racing
• Ice speedway
• Indoor enduro
• Motocross
• Motorcycle drag racing
• Motorcycle speedway
• Off-roading
• Rally raid
• Road racing
• Superbike racing
• Supercross
• Supermoto
• Supersport racing
• Superside
• Track racing
• Trial
• TT racing
• Free-style moto

Marker sports
• Airsoft
• Archery
• Paintball
• Darts

Musical sports
• Color guard
• Drum corps
• Indoor percussion
• Marching band

Fantasy sports
• Quidditch
• Hunger Games(Gladiating)
• Pod Racing
• Mortal Kombat(MMA)

Other
• Stihl Timbersports Series
• Woodsman

Overlapping sports
• Tennis
• Polocrosse
• Badminton
• Polo

Skating sports
• Aggressive inline skating
• Artistic roller skating
• Figure skating
• Freestyle slalom skating
• Ice dancing
• Ice skating
• Inline speed skating
• Rinkball
• Rink hockey
• Roller derby
• Roller skating
• Short track speed skating
• Skater hockey
• Speed skating
• Synchronized skating

Freestyle skiing
• Snowboarding
• Ski flying
• Skibob
• Snowshoeing
• Skiboarding