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Britannia metal (14627 views - Material Database)

Britannia metal (also called britannium or Britannia ware) is a specific type of pewter alloy, favoured for its silvery appearance and smooth surface. The composition is typically about 92% tin, 6% antimony, and 2% copper. Britannia metal is usually spun rather than cast, and melts at 255 degrees Celsius.
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Britannia metal

Britannia metal

Britannia metal (also called britannium or Britannia ware[1]) is a specific type of pewter alloy, favoured for its silvery appearance and smooth surface. The composition is typically about 92% tin, 6% antimony, and 2% copper.[2]

Britannia metal is usually spun rather than cast,[1] and melts at 255 degrees Celsius.[3]


Britannia metal was first produced[4] in 1769 or 1770. James Vickers created it after purchasing the formula from a dying friend. It was originally known as "Vickers White Metal" when made under contract by the Sheffield manufacturers Ebenezer Hancock and Richard Jessop. In 1776 James Vickers took over the manufacturing himself and remained as owner until his death in 1809, when the company passed to his son John and son-in-law Elijah West. In 1836 the company was sold to John Vickers's nephew Ebenezer Stacey (the son of Hannah Vickers and John Stacey).

After the development of electroplating with silver in 1846, Britannia metal was widely used as the base metal for silver-plated household goods and cutlery.[5] The abbreviation EPBM on such items denotes "electroplated Britannia metal". Britannia metal was generally used as a cheaper alternative to electroplated nickel silver (EPNS) which is more durable.

Britannium is used to make the Oscar statuettes handed out each year at the Academy Awards. The 8 12-pound statuettes are Britannia metal plated with gold.[6]

In his essay, "A Nice Cup of Tea", writer George Orwell asserts that "britanniaware" teapots "produce inferior tea" when compared to chinaware.[7]

See also

クロムモリブデン鋼AL-6XNAlGaAlloy 20アルニコ磁石Alumelアルミニウムアルミニウム合金アルミニウム青銅Aluminium-lithium alloyアマルガムArgentium sterling silverArsenical bronzeArsenical copperバビットメタルBell metalベリリウムベリリウム銅ビロンBirmabrightBismanolビスマス黄銅BrightrayBritannia silver青銅Bulat steelCalamine brass鋳鉄CelestriumChinese silverChromelクロムChromium hydrideコバルトホワイトゴールドコンスタンタン水素化銅Copper–tungstenCorinthian bronzeCrown goldCrucible steelクニフェ白銅Cymbal alloysダマスカス鋼デバルダ合金Doré bullionジュラルミンDutch metalケイ素鋼エレクトロン貨Elektron (alloy)エリンバーFernicoフェロアロイフェロセリウムフェロクロムフェロマンガンフェロモリブデンFerrosiliconFerrotitaniumFerrouraniumField's metalFlorentine bronzeGalfenolガリンスタンガリウムGilding metalガラスGlucydurGoloidGuanín (bronze)Gum metal砲金Haynes InternationalHepatizonHiduminium高速度鋼高張力鋼HydronaliumインコネルインジウムインバーIron–hydrogen alloyItalmaKanthal (alloy)コバールリチウムMagnaliumマグネシウムマグノックス高マンガン鋼マンガニンマルエージング鋼Marine grade stainlessMartensitic stainless steelMegalliumMelchior (alloy)マーキュリーミッシュメタルMolybdochalkosモネルMu-metalMuntz metalMushet steelニクロムニッケルNickel hydride洋白Nickel titaniumNicrosilNisilノルディック・ゴールドOrmoluパーマロイリン青銅銑鉄Pinchbeck (alloy)合成樹脂Platinum sterlingPlexiglasプルトニウムプルトニウムガリウム合金カリウムPseudo palladiumReynolds 531RhoditeロジウムRose's metalサマリウムサマリウムコバルト磁石Sanicro 28スカンジウムScandium hydride赤銅 (合金)四分一 (合金)Silver steelナトリウムナトリウムカリウム合金はんだスペキュラム合金スピーゲルばね鋼Staballoyステンレス鋼ステライトスターリングシルバー鉄骨構造SupermalloySurgical stainless steelTerfenol-DTerneTibetan silverスズチタンチタン合金Titanium Beta CTitanium goldTitanium hydride窒化チタントムバック工具鋼Tumbaga活字合金ウランVitallium耐候性鋼ウッドメタルWootz steelY alloyZeron 100亜鉛ジルコニウムピューターQueen's metalWhite metal水素化ウラン(III)ZamakZirconium hydride水素ヘリウムホウ素窒素酸素フッ素メタン中二階原子Honing (metalworking)金属加工材料工学

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