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Dakar Rally (625 views - Cars & Motorbikes & Trucks)

The Dakar Rally (or simply "The Dakar"; formerly known as the "Paris–Dakar Rally") is an annual rally raid organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, races since 2009 have been held in South America. The race is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants. The race is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying, and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than modified on-road vehicles. Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900 kilometres (500–560 mi) per day.
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Dakar Rally

Dakar Rally

Dakar Rally
CategoryRally raid
RegionEurope and Africa (1979–2007)
South America (2009–2019)
Arabian Peninsula (2020–)
Inaugural season1979
Drivers' champion Nasser Al-Attiyah (Cars)
Toby Price (Bikes)
Eduard Nikolaev (Trucks)
Nicolas Cavigliasso (Quads)
Francisco "Chaleco" López (UTV)
Constructors' championToyota (Cars)
KTM (Bikes)
Peugeot (Cars)
Kamaz (Trucks)
Yamaha (ATV/Quads)
Can-Am (UTV)
Official websitewww.Dakar.com
Current season

The Dakar Rally (or simply "The Dakar"; formerly known as the "Paris–Dakar Rally") is an annual rally raid organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, races since 2009 have been held in South America.[1][2][3] The race is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants.

The race is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying, and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than modified on-road vehicles. Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900 kilometres (500–560 mi) per day.

History

The race originated in December 1977, a year after Thierry Sabine got lost in the Ténéré desert whilst competing in the Abidjan-Nice rally and decided that the desert would be a good location for a regular rally.[4] 182 vehicles took the start of the inaugural rally in Paris, with 74 surviving the 10,000-kilometre (6,200 mi) trip to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Cyril Neveu holds the distinction of being the event's first winner, riding a Yamaha motorcycle. The event rapidly grew in popularity, with 216 vehicles taking the start in 1980 and 291 in 1981.[5] Neveu won the event for a second time in 1980, Hubert Auriol taking honours in 1981 for BMW. By this stage, the rally had already begun to attract the participation of famous names from elsewhere in motorsport, such as Henri Pescarolo and Jacky Ickx.

Now boasting 382 competitors, more than double the amount that took the start in 1979, Neveu won the event for a third time in 1982, this time riding a Honda motorcycle, while victory in the car class went to the Marreau brothers, driving a privately entered Renault 20, whose buccaneering exploits seemed to perfectly capture the spirit of the early years of the rally. Auriol captured his second bikes class victory in 1983, the first year that Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi competed in the rally, beginning an association that would last all the way until 2009.

At the behest of 1983 car class winner Jacky Ickx, Porsche entered the Dakar in 1984, with the total number of entries now at 427.[5] The German marque won the event at their first attempt courtesy of René Metge, who had previously won in the car category in 1981, whilst Ickx finished sixth. Gaston Rahier meanwhile continued BMW's success in the motorcycle category with back-to-back wins in 1984 and 1985, the year of Mitsubishi's first victory of 12 in the car category, Patrick Zaniroli taking the spoils. The 1986 event, won by Metge and Neveu, was marred by the death of event founder Sabine in a helicopter crash, his father Gilbert taking over organisation of the rally.

Peugeot and Citroën domination

The 1987 rally marked the start of an era of increased official factory participation in the car category, as French manufacturer Peugeot arrived and won the event with former World Rally champion Ari Vatanen. The 1987 event was also notable for a ferocious head-to-head duel between Neveu and Auriol in the motorcycle category, the former taking his fifth victory after Auriol was forced to drop out of the rally after breaking both ankles in a fall.[5] The 1988 event reached its zenith in terms of entry numbers, with 603 starters. Vatanen's title defence was derailed when his Peugeot was stolen from the service area at Bamako. Though it was later found, Vatanen was subsequently disqualified from the event, victory instead going to compatriot and teammate Juha Kankkunen.[5]

Peugeot and Vatanen returned to winning ways in 1989 and 1990, the latter marking Peugeot's final year of rally competition before switching to the World Sportscar Championship. Sister brand Citroën took Peugeot's place, Vatanen taking a third consecutive victory in 1991. The 1991 event also saw Stéphane Peterhansel take his first title in the motorcycle category with Yamaha, marking the beginning of an era of domination by the Frenchman.

For the 1992 event, the finish line moved to Cape Town, South Africa in a bid to combat a declining number of competitors, where GPS technology was used for the first time.[5] Auriol became the first person to win in multiple classes after taking Mitsubishi's second victory in the car class, while Peterhansel successfully defended his motorcycle category title. The 1993 rally entry list slumped to 153 competitors, around half of the preceding year's figure and around a quarter of that of 1988. The event was the last to be organised by Gilbert Sabine and the Amaury Sport Organisation took over the following year. With the finish line now back in its traditional location of Dakar, Bruno Saby won a third title for Mitsubishi and Peterhansel took a third straight success in the motorcycle category.

The 1994 event returned to Paris after reaching Dakar, resulting in a particularly grueling event. Pierre Lartigue took Citroën's second win in acrimonious circumstances, as Mitsubishi's leading drivers were forced to withdraw from exhaustion after traversing some particularly demanding sand dunes in the Mauritanian desert that the Citroen crews had opted to skip.[6] Peterhansel's did not compete due to a disagreement between Yamaha and the race organizers over the regulations. Edi Orioli claimed a third title in the bikes category.[5] The 1995 and 1996 events begin in the Spanish city of Granada, with Lartigue racking up wins for Citroen in both years. Peterhansel returned to take a fourth bikes category win in 1995, but lost to Orioli in 1996 because of refuelling problems.[5]

Mitsubishi in the ascendancy

The 1997 rally ran exclusively in Africa for the first time, with the route running from Dakar to Agadez, Niger and back to Dakar. Citroen's withdrawal due to a rule change paved the way for Mitsubishi to take a fourth victory. Japan's Kenjiro Shinozuka became the first non-European to win the event. Peterhansel equalled Neveu's record of five motorcycle category wins in 1997, before going one better in 1998, when the event returned to its traditional Paris-Dakar route. 1998, Dakar veteran Jean-Pierre Fontenay posted another win for Mitsubishi in the car class.

1999 started in Granada and a maiden success for erstwhile Formula One and sports car driver Jean-Louis Schlesser, who had been constructing his own buggies since 1992. With the help of Renault backing, Schlesser overcame the works Mitsubishi and Nissan crews to win, whilst Peterhansel's decision to switch to the car category allowed Richard Sainct to take BMW's first title in the bikes category since 1985. Schlesser and Sainct both successfully defended their titles in 2000, traversing the route from Dakar to the Egyptian capital of Cairo.

2001 was the final time that the rally used the familiar Paris-Dakar route, and was notable for Mitsubishi's Jutta Kleinschmidt, as she was the first woman to win the rally - albeit only after Schlesser was penalised one hour for unsportsmanlike conduct.[7] Fabrizio Meoni took the first Dakar win for Austrian manufacturer KTM, beginning a winning streak that has lasted until the present day. The 2002 began in the French town of Arras and long-time Dakar participant Hiroshi Masuoka won the event for Mitsubishi (Masouka had led for much of the previous year's rally.) The 2003 rally featured an unorthodox route from Marseille to Sharm El Sheikh. Masuoka defend his title after teammate and long-time leader Peterhansel was plagued by mechanical problems in the penultimate stage.[8] Sainct meanwhile took honours in the motorcycle category, the third title for both him and KTM.

Security concerns

The mid-2000s saw the Dakar Rally reach the height of its popularity.[citation needed] The entry list by 2004 increased to 595, up from 358 in 2001, with a record 688 competitors starting in 2005.[5] Alongside Mitsubishi and Nissan, Volkswagen now boasted a full factory effort, while Schlesser's Ford-powered buggies and BMWs of the German X-raid team proved thorns in the side of the big budget works teams. The 2004 route was from Clermont-Ferrand to Dakar, and was the year Peterhansel emulated Hubert Auriol's feat of winning the rally on both two wheels and four. The Frenchman defended his title in 2005, when the rally began for the first time in Barcelona. In the bikes category, KTM continued their success with Nani Roma in 2004, who switched to the car category the following year, and Cyril Despres in 2005.

The 2006 event moved to Lisbon. Nissan pulled out having failed to provide effective opposition to Mitsubishi, who took a sixth consecutive victory, this time with former skiing champion Luc Alphand after Peterhansel committed a series of errors late in the rally.[9] Peterhansel made amends in 2007, however, taking his third title in the car category for Mitsubishi after a close contest with Alphand after the increasingly competitive Volkswagens retired with mechanical problems. In what would be the final African event of the Dakar, Despres took his second title in the bikes category, having conceded victory in 2006 to Marc Coma after suffering an injury.

The 2008 event, due to depart Lisbon as per the previous two years, was cancelled on 4 January 2008 amid fears of terrorist attacks in Mauritania, causing serious doubts over the future of the rally. Chile and Argentina offered to host subsequent events,[10][11] an offer later accepted by the ASO.[12] The ASO also decided to establish the Dakar Series competition, whose first event was the 2008 Central Europe Rally, located in Hungary and Romania, which acted as a replacement for the cancelled 2008 edition of the Dakar.

South America

The 2009 event, the first held in South America with a respectable entry of 501, saw Volkswagen finally take its first win in the Dakar as a works entrant courtesy of Giniel de Villiers. Teammate and former WRC champion Carlos Sainz had been leading comfortably until crashing out,[13] but seized the opportunity to win the event in 2010. After a poor showing in 2009, Mitsubishi withdrew from the competition and left Volkswagen as the sole works entrant. The German marque duly won the race for a third time in 2011, this time with Nasser Al-Attiyah, before they withdrew to focus on their upcoming WRC entry and leaving the Dakar with no factory participants in the car class. In the bikes, Despres and Coma stretched KTM's incredible unbroken run of success. Both tied on three victories apiece after Coma's third win in 2011.

In the 2012 rally, the X-raid team came to the fore, now using Minis in lieu of BMWs. Peterhansel had joined the team in 2010 after Mitsubishi's departure, but had been unable to challenge the Volkswagen drivers. Following Volkswagen's withdrawal, Peterhansel was able to secure his fourth win in the car category and his tenth in total, his main opposition coming from within his own team. Peterhansel successfully defended his title in 2013 as the Damen Jefferies buggies of Sainz and Al-Attiyah failed to last the distance. Despres also racked up a further two wins for KTM in the bikes class in 2012 and 2013, bringing his tally to five, aided by Coma's absence due to injury in the latter year. Coma struck back on his return to the Dakar in 2014, taking a comfortable fourth title and a 13th in succession for KTM, whilst Nani Roma emulated Auriol and Peterhansel by taking his maiden title in the cars class a decade on from his victory on two wheels - albeit only after team orders by X-raid slowed down Peterhansel.[14]

Peugeot returned for the 2015 event with an all-new, diesel-powered, two-wheel drive contender, but failed to make an impact as X-raid's Minis once more dominated. Al-Attiyah won the event in his second year for the team, while Coma racked up a fifth title in the bikes after the defection of long-time rival Despres to the car class and Peugeot. Peugeot did however see success in 2016 with Peterhansel behind the wheel, racking up his 6th win in the car category, and again in 2017 and 2018 until Peugeot decide to officially leave the competition. In 2019 Toyota won for the first time with Nasser Al-Attiyah (in his third victory with three different manufacturers). The bike category saw the KTM works team rider, Australian Toby Price, take his first Dakar victory, winning his second title in 2019. Sam Sunderland and Matthias Walkner won the 2017 and 2018 edition also for the team from Mattighofen (18 overall victories as in 2019).

Vehicles and classes

The five competitive groups in the Dakar are the motorcycles, quads, the cars class (which ranges from buggies to small SUVs), UTVs, and the trucks class. Many vehicle manufacturers use the rally's harsh environment as both a testing ground and an opportunity to show off their vehicles' durability—though, in fact, most vehicles are heavily modified or purpose-built.

Motorbikes

As of 2011, the engine capacity limit for all motorbikes competing in the Dakar Rally is 450cc. Engines may be either single or twin cylinder. Riders are divided into two groups, "Elite" (Group 1) and Non-Elite (Group 2), with the latter subdivided into two further groups - the "Super Production" (Group 2.1) and "Marathon" (Group 2.2) classes. "Marathon" competitors are not permitted to change such key components as the engine (including the engine case, cylinders and cylinder heads), the frame, the forks or swinging arm, whereas those in the "Super Production" and "Elite" classes may replace these components.[15]

KTM has dominated the motorcycle class in recent years, although Honda, Yamaha, Sherco, Husqvarna, and Gas Gas also compete currently. BMW and Cagiva have also enjoyed success in the past.

Quads

Prior to 2009, Quads were a subdivision of the motorbike category, but they were granted their own separate classification in 2009 and are designated Group 3 in the current regulations. They are divided into two subgroups - Group 3.1, which features two-wheel drive quads with a single cylinder engine with a maximum capacity of 750cc, and Group 3.2, which permits four-wheel drive quads with a maximum engine capacity of 900cc, in either single or twin cylinder layout.[15]

Yamaha are unbeaten in the Quad category since 2009, with their main current opposition coming courtesy of Honda and Can-Am.

For the 2017 rally the SSV category was added which is defined as four-wheel side-by-side vehicles with 1000 cc maximum displacement.[16]

Cars

The car class is made up of vehicles weighing less than 3,500 kg (7,716 lb), which are subdivided into several categories. The T1 Group is made up of "Improved Cross-Country Vehicles", subdivided according to engine type (petrol or diesel) and drive type (two-wheel or four-wheel drive). The T2 Group is made up of "Cross-Country Series Production Vehicles", which are subdivided into petrol and diesel categories, while the T3 Group is for "Light Vehicles". There is also an "Open" category catering for vehicles conforming to SCORE regulations.[17]

Mini have been the most successful marque in the car category in recent years, thanks to the efforts of the non-factory X-raid team, with limited involvement currently coming from Toyota, Ford and Haval. Several constructors also produce bespoke buggies for the event, most notably SMG and Damen Jefferies.

Mitsubishi is historically the most successful manufacturer in the car class, with Volkswagen, Citroen, Peugeot and Porsche having all tasted success in the past with factory teams. Jean-Louis Schlesser has also won the event twice with his Renault-supported buggies. Factory teams from Nissan and SEAT have also won stages, as has BMW, courtesy of the X-raid team.

Trucks

The Truck class (Group T4), first run as a separate category in 1980, is made up of vehicles weighing more than 3,500 kg (7,716 lb). Trucks participating in the competition are subdivided into "Series Production" trucks (T4.1) and "Modified" trucks (T4.2), whilst Group T4.3 (formerly known as T5) trucks are rally support trucks - meaning they travel from bivouac to bivouac to support the competition vehicles.[17] These were introduced to the rally in 1998. The truck event was not run in 1989 after it was decided the vehicles, by this stage with twin engines generating in excess of 1000 horsepower, were too dangerous following the death of a DAF crew member in an accident during the 1988 rally.[5]

Kamaz has dominated the truck category since the turn of the century, although it has come under increasing pressure from rivals such as Iveco, MAN, Renault, and Tatra, which enjoyed much success in the 1990s. Hino, DAF, Perlini, and Mercedes-Benz have also been among the winners in the past. In the 21st century Kamaz almost always won the truck class, winning fourteen out of eighteen times.

UTVs

The UTVs class was introduced in 2017. Previously run under the car category as the T3 class, Side by Side (UTV) vehicles are now run under their own class in Dakar competition.

List of winners

Cars, bikes and trucks

Year Route Cars Bikes Trucks
Driver
Co-driver
Make & model Rider Make & model Driver
Co-drivers
Make & model
2019 Lima
Lima
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Matthieu Baumel
Toyota Hilux Dakar Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 43509
2018 Lima
La Paz
Córdoba
Carlos Sainz
Lucas Cruz
Peugeot 3008 DKR Maxi Matthias Walkner KTM 450 Rally Replica Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 4326
2017 Asunción
La Paz
Buenos Aires
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Peugeot 3008 DKR Sam Sunderland KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 4326
2016 Buenos Aires
Salta-
Rosario
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Peugeot 2008 DKR Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Gerard de Rooy
Moises Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco PowerStar
2015 Buenos Aires
Iquique-
Buenos Aires
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Matthieu Baumel
Mini All 4 Racing Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Ayrat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz
2014 Rosario-
Salta
Valparaíso
Nani Roma
Michel Périn
Mini All 4 Racing Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz
2013 Lima
Tucumán
Santiago
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mini All 4 Racing Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz
2012 Mar del Plata
Arica
Lima
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mini All 4 Racing Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Darek Rodewald
Iveco PowerStar
2011 Buenos Aires–
Arica–
Buenos Aires
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Timo Gottschalk
Volkswagen Race Touareg 3 Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Ildar Shaysultanov
Kamaz
2010 Buenos Aires–
Antofagasta
Buenos Aires
Carlos Sainz
Lucas Cruz
Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz
2009 Buenos Aires–
Valparaiso–
Buenos Aires
Giniel de Villiers
Dirk von Zitzewitz
Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Marc Coma KTM 690 Rally Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz
2008 Not Held
2007 LisbonDakar Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN TGA
2006 Lisbon–Dakar Luc Alphand
Gilles Picard
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Marc Coma KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz
2005 Barcelona–Dakar Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz
2004 Clermont-Ferrand
Dakar
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Nani Roma KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz
2003 Marseille
Sharm el Sheikh
Hiroshi Masuoka
Andreas Schulz
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Richard Sainct KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz
2002 ArrasMadrid
Dakar
Hiroshi Masuoka
Pascal Maimon
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC8 950R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz
2001 Paris–Dakar Jutta Kleinschmidt
Andreas Schulz
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC4 660R Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra 815
2000 Dakar–Cairo Jean-Louis Schlesser
Henri Magne
Buggy Schlesser Richard Sainct BMW F650RR Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz
1999 Granada–Dakar Jean-Louis Schlesser
Philippe Monnet
Buggy Schlesser Richard Sainct BMW F650RR Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra 815
1998 Paris–Granada–
Dakar
Jean-Pierre Fontenay
Gilles Picard
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE850T Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Jan Cermak
Tatra 815
1997 Dakar–Agades
Dakar
Kenjiro Shinozuka
Henri Magne
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE850T Peter Reif
Johann Deinhofer
Hino
1996 Granada–Dakar Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Edi Orioli Yamaha YZE850T Viktor Moskovskikh
Anatoli Kouzmine
Nail Bagavetdinov
Kamaz
1995 Granada–Dakar Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE850T Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Tomas Tomecek
Tatra 815
1994 Paris–Dakar–Paris Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900 Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra 815
1993 Paris–Dakar Bruno Saby
Dominique Serieys
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE850T Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini
1992 Paris–Sirte
Cape Town
Hubert Auriol
Philippe Monnet
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE850T Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini
1991 Paris–Tripoli
Dakar
Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund
Citroën ZX Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE750T Jacques Houssat
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini
1990 Paris–Tripoli–
Dakar
Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund
Peugeot 405 T16 Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900 Giorgio Villa
Giorgio Delfino
Claudio Vinante
Perlini
1989 Paris–Tunis–Dakar Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund
Peugeot 405 T16 Gilles Lalay Honda NXR800V Not held
1988 Paris–Alger–Dakar Juha Kankkunen
Juha Piironen
Peugeot 205 T16 Edi Orioli Honda NXR800V Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Tomas Muck
Tatra 815
1987 Paris-Alger–Dakar Ari Vatanen
Bernard Giroux
Peugeot 205 T16 Cyril Neveu Honda NXR750V Jan de Rooy
Yvo Geusens
Theo van de Rijt
DAF
1986 Paris-Alger–Dakar René Metge
Dominique Lemoyne
Porsche 959 Cyril Neveu Honda NXR750V Giacomo Vismara
Giulio Minelli
Mercedes-Benz
1985 Paris-Alger–Dakar Patrick Zaniroli
Jean Da Silva
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Gaston Rahier BMW R80G/S Karl-Friedrich Capito
Jost Capito
Klaus Schweikarl
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1984 Paris-Alger–Dakar René Metge
Dominique Lemoyne
Porsche 911 (953) Gaston Rahier BMW R80G/S Pierre Laleu
Daniel Durce
Patrick Venturini
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1983 Paris-Alger–Dakar Jacky Ickx
Claude Brasseur
Mercedes 280 GE Hubert Auriol BMW R80G/S Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1982 Paris-Alger–Dakar Claude Marreau
Bernard Marreau
Renault 20 Cyril Neveu Honda XR550 Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz U 1700L
1981 Paris–Dakar René Metge
Bernard Giroux
Range Rover Hubert Auriol BMW R80G/S Adrien Villette
Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
ALM/ACMAT
1980 Paris–Dakar Freddy Kottulinsky
Gerd Löffelmann
Volkswagen Iltis Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT500 Zohra Ataouat
Hadj Daou Boukrif
Mahiedine Kaloua
Sonacome
1979 Paris–Dakar Alain Génestier
Joseph Terbiaut
Jean Lemordant
Range Rover Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT500 Jean-François Dunac
Jean-Pierre Chapel
François Beau
Pinzgauer

Quads and UTVs

Year Route Quads UTV's
Rider Make & model Driver
Co-drivers
Make & model
2019 Lima
Lima
Nicolas Cavigliasso Yamaha Raptor 700R Francisco "Chaleco" López
Alvaro Quintanilla
Can-Am
2018 Lima
La Paz
Córdoba
Ignacio Casale Yamaha Raptor 700 Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am
2017 Asunción
La Paz
Buenos Aires
Sergey Karyakin Yamaha Raptor 700 Leandro Torres
Lourival Roldan
Polaris RZR 1000 XP
2016 Buenos Aires
Salta-
Rosario
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Not held
2015 Buenos Aires
Iquique-
Buenos Aires
Rafał Sonik Yamaha
2014 Rosario-
Salta
Valparaíso
Ignacio Casale Yamaha
2013 Lima
Tucumán
Santiago
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha
2012 Mar del Plata
Arica
Lima
Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700
2011 Buenos Aires–
Arica–
Buenos Aires
Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha
2010 Buenos Aires–
Antofagasta
Buenos Aires
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha
2009 Buenos Aires–
Valparaiso–
Buenos Aires
Josef Macháček Yamaha

Source:[18]

Podium

Cars

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
Driver Car Driver Car Driver Car
1979 Alain Génestier Range Rover V8 Claude Marreau Renault 4 Sinpar Cesare Giraudo Fiat Campagnola
1980 Freddy Kottulinsky Volkswagen Iltis Patrick Zaniroli Volkswagen Iltis Claude Marreau Renault 4 Sinpar
1981 René Metge Range Rover V8 Hervé Cotel Buggy Cotel Jean-Claude Briavoine Lada Niva
1982 Claude Marreau Renault 20 Turbo Jean-Claude Briavoine Lada Niva Jean-Pierre Jaussaud Mercedes 280 GE
1983 Jacky Ickx Mercedes 280 GE André Trossat Lada Niva Pierre Lartigue Range Rover V8
1984 René Metge Porsche 911 Patrick Zaniroli Range Rover V8 Andrew Cowan Mitsubishi Pajero
1985 Patrick Zaniroli Mitsubishi Pajero Andrew Cowan Mitsubishi Pajero Pierre Fougerouse Toyota FJ 60
1986 René Metge Porsche 959 Jacky Ickx Porsche 959 Pascal Rigal Mitsubishi Pajero
1987 Ari Vatanen Peugeot 205 Turbo 16 Patrick Zaniroli Range Rover V8 Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero
1988 Juha Kankkunen Peugeot 205 Turbo 16 Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero Patrick Tambay Range Rover V8
1989 Ari Vatanen Peugeot 405 Turbo 16 Jacky Ickx Peugeot 405 Turbo 16 Patrick Tambay Mitsubishi Pajero
1990 Ari Vatanen Peugeot 405 Turbo 16 Björn Waldegård Peugeot 405 Turbo 16 Alain Ambrosino Peugeot 405 Turbo 16
1991 Ari Vatanen Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Pierre Lartigue Peugeot 405 Turbo 16 Jean Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero
1992 Hubert Auriol Mitsubishi Pajero Erwin Weber Mitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero
1993 Bruno Saby Mitsubishi Pajero Pierre Lartigue Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Hubert Auriol Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid
1994 Pierre Lartigue Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Hubert Auriol Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Philippe Wambergue Buggy Bourgo
1995 Pierre Lartigue Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Bruno Saby Mitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero
1996 Pierre Lartigue Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Philippe Wambergue Citroën ZX Rallye-Raid Jean Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero
1997 Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero Jean-Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero Bruno Saby Mitsubishi Pajero
1998 Jean-Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero Bruno Saby Mitsubishi Pajero
1999 Jean-Louis Schlesser Buggy Schlesser Miguel Prieto Mitsubishi Pajero Jutta Kleinschmidt Mitsubishi Pajero
2000 Jean-Louis Schlesser Buggy Schlesser Stéphane Peterhansel Mega Desert Jean-Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero
2001 Jutta Kleinschmidt Mitsubishi Pajero Hiroshi Masuoka Mitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis Schlesser Buggy Schlesser
2002 Hiroshi Masuoka Mitsubishi Pajero Jutta Kleinschmidt Mitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro Shinozuka Mitsubishi Pajero
2003 Hiroshi Masuoka Mitsubishi Pajero Jean-Pierre Fontenay Mitsubishi Pajero Stéphane Peterhansel Mitsubishi Pajero
2004 Stéphane Peterhansel Mitsubishi Pajero Hiroshi Masuoka Mitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis Schlesser Buggy Schlesser
2005 Stéphane Peterhansel Mitsubishi Pajero Luc Alphand Mitsubishi Pajero Jutta Kleinschmidt Volkswagen Race Touareg 2
2006 Luc Alphand Mitsubishi Pajero Giniel de Villiers Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Nani Roma Mitsubishi Pajero
2007 Stéphane Peterhansel Mitsubishi Pajero Luc Alphand Mitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis Schlesser Buggy Schlesser
2008 Rally not held
2009 Giniel de Villiers Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Mark Miller Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Robby Gordon Hummer H3
2010 Carlos Sainz Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Nasser Al-Attiyah Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Mark Miller Volkswagen Race Touareg 2
2011 Nasser Al-Attiyah Volkswagen Race Touareg 3 Giniel de Villiers Volkswagen Race Touareg 3 Carlos Sainz Volkswagen Race Touareg 3
2012 Stéphane Peterhansel Mini All4 Racing Nani Roma Mini All4 Racing Giniel de Villiers Toyota Hilux Dakar
2013 Stéphane Peterhansel Mini All4 Racing Giniel de Villiers Toyota Hilux Dakar Leonid Novitskiy Mini All4 Racing
2014 Nani Roma Mini All4 Racing Stéphane Peterhansel Mini All4 Racing Nasser Al-Attiyah Mini All4 Racing
2015 Nasser Al-Attiyah Mini All4 Racing Giniel de Villiers Toyota Hilux Dakar Krzysztof Hołowczyc Mini All4 Racing
2016 Stéphane Peterhansel Peugeot 2008 DKR Nasser Al-Attiyah Mini All4 Racing Giniel de Villiers Toyota Hilux Dakar
2017 Stéphane Peterhansel Peugeot 3008 DKR Sébastien Loeb Peugeot 3008 DKR Cyril Despres Peugeot 3008 DKR
2018 Carlos Sainz Peugeot 3008 DKR Nasser Al-Attiyah Toyota Hilux Dakar Giniel de Villiers Toyota Hilux Dakar
2019 Nasser Al-Attiyah Toyota Hilux Dakar Nani Roma Mini All4 Racing Sébastien Loeb Peugeot 3008 DKR

Bikes

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
Driver Bike Driver Bike Driver Bike
1979 Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT 500 Gilles Comte Yamaha XT 500 Philippe Vassard Honda XL 250
1980 Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT 500 Michel Merel Yamaha XT 500 Jean-Noël Pineau Yamaha XT 500
1981 Hubert Auriol BMW R80 G/S Serge Bacou Yamaha XT 500 Michel Merel Yamaha XT 500
1982 Cyril Neveu Honda XR 550 Philippe Vassard Honda XR 550 Grégoire Verhaeghe Barigo 500
1983 Hubert Auriol BMW R80 G/S Patrick Drobecq Honda XR 600 Marc Joineau Suzuki DR 500
1984 Gaston Rahier BMW R80 G/S Hubert Auriol BMW R80 G/S Philippe Vassard Honda XLR 600
1985 Gaston Rahier BMW R80 G/S Jean-Claude Olivier Yamaha 660 Proto Franco Picco Yamaha 600 XT
1986 Cyril Neveu Honda NXR 780 Gilles Lalay Honda NXR 780 Andrea Balestrieri Honda XL 600
1987 Cyril Neveu Honda NXR 750 Edi Orioli Honda XL 600 Gaston Rahier BMW R80 GS
1988 Edi Orioli Honda NXR 800V Franco Picco Yamaha YZE 750 Gilles Lalay Honda NXR 750
1989 Gilles Lalay Honda NXR 800V Franco Picco Yamaha YZE 750 Marc Morales Honda NXR 750
1990 Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900 Carlos Mas Yamaha YZE 750 Alessandro De Petri Cagiva Elefant 900
1991 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 750T Gilles Lalay Yamaha YZE 750T Thierry Magnaldi Yamaha YZE 750T
1992 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Danny LaPorte Cagiva Elefant 900 Jordi Arcarons Cagiva Elefant 900
1993 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Thierry Charbonnier Yamaha YZE 850T Jordi Arcarons Yamaha YZE 850T
1994 Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900 Jordi Arcarons Cagiva Elefant 900 Fabrizio Meoni Honda EXP-2
1995 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Jordi Arcarons Cagiva Elefant 900 Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900
1996 Edi Orioli Yamaha YZE 850T Jordi Arcarons KTM LC4 Carlos Sotelo KTM LC4
1997 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Oscar Gallardo Cagiva Elefant 900 David Castera Yamaha YZE 850T
1998 Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC4 Andy Haydon KTM LC4
1999 Richard Sainct BMW F650 RR Thierry Magnaldi KTM LC4 Alfie Cox KTM LC4
2000 Richard Sainct BMW F650 RR Oscar Gallardo BMW F650 RR Jimmy Lewis BMW R900 GS
2001 Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC4 660R Jordi Arcarons KTM LC4 660R Carlo de Gavardo KTM LC4 660R
2002 Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC8 950R Alfie Cox KTM LC4 660R Richard Sainct KTM LC4 660R
2003 Richard Sainct KTM LC4 660R Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC8 950R
2004 Nani Roma KTM LC4 660R Richard Sainct KTM LC4 660R Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R
2005 Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R Marc Coma KTM LC4 660R Alfie Cox KTM LC4 660R
2006 Marc Coma KTM LC4 660R Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R Giovanni Sala KTM LC4 660R
2007 Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally David Casteu KTM 690 Rally Chris Blais KTM 660 Rally
2008 Rally not held
2009 Marc Coma KTM 690 Rally Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally David Frétigné Yamaha WR 450
2010 Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally Pål Anders Ullevålseter KTM 690 Rally Francisco López Aprilia RXV 450
2011 Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Hélder Rodrigues Yamaha WR 450F
2012 Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Hélder Rodrigues Yamaha WR 450F
2013 Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Ruben Faria KTM 450 Rally Francisco López KTM 450 Rally
2014 Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Jordi Viladoms KTM 450 Rally Olivier Pain Yamaha WR 450F
2015 Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Paulo Gonçalves Honda CRF 450 Toby Price KTM 450 Rally
2016 Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Štefan Svitko KTM 450 Rally Pablo Quintanilla Husqvarna FR 450
2017 Sam Sunderland KTM 450 Rally Matthias Walkner KTM 450 Rally Gerard Farrés KTM 450 Rally
2018 Matthias Walkner KTM 450 Rally Kevin Benavides Honda CRF 450 Toby Price KTM 450 Rally
2019 Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Matthias Walkner KTM 450 Rally Sam Sunderland KTM 450 Rally

Trucks

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
Crew Truck Crew Truck Crew Truck
1979 Jean-François Dunac
Jean-Pierre Chapel
François Beau
Pinzgauer Daniel Petit
Françis Mare
UNIC Alain Mekki
Jean Neault
UNIC
1980 Zohra Ataouat
Hadj Daou Boukrif
Mahiedine Kaloua
Sonacome Bernard Heu
Daniel Delobel
Gilbert Versino
MAN Mokran Bouzid
Daid
Mekhelef
Sonacome
1981 Adrien Villette
Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
ALM-ACMAT Jacques Briy
Jean Salou
Gustave Peu
Ford Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz
1982 Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz Pierre Laleu
Bernard Langlois
Mercedes-Benz Jan de Rooy
Gérard Straetmans
DAF
1983 Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz Hasse Henriksson
Sture Bernhardsson
John Granäng
Volvo C303 Jan de Rooy
Joop Roggeband
Yvo Geusens
DAF
1984 Pierre Laleu
Daniel Durce
Patrick Venturini
Mercedes-Benz Paolo Bonera
Valerio Grassi
Paolo Travaglia
Mercedes-Benz Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
Adolf Dirl
MAN
1985 Karl Friedrich Capito
Jost Capito
Klaus Schweikarl
Mercedes-Benz Jan de Rooy
Thierry de Saulieu
Martinus Ketelaars
DAF Karl Wilhelm Strohmann
Volker Capito
Heinz Schnepf
Mercedes-Benz
1986 Giacomo Vismara
Giulio Minelli
Mercedes-Benz Hans Heyer
Winkler
MAN Salvador Cañellas
Ferran
Pegaso
1987 Jan de Rooy
Geusens
DAF Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Jaroslav Krpec
Tatra Jiří Moskal
Jaroslav Joklík
Pavel Záleský
LIAZ
1988 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Tomáš Mück
Tatra Jiří Moskal
František Vojtíšek
Pavel Záleský
LIAZ Lutz Bernau
Bartman
Kluge
Tatra
1989 Category not held
1990 Giorgio Villa
Giorgio Delfino
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Thierry De Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Zdeněk Kahánek
Jaroslav Krpec
Havlík
Tatra
1991 Jacques Houssat
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Joel Tammeka
Juhan Anupõld
Enno Piirsalu
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Radomír Stachura
Tatra
1992 Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Radomír Stachura
Tatra
1993 Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Sarlieve
Diamante
Perlini Gilbert Versino
Gimbre
Versino
Mercedes-Benz
1994 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Shibata
Hino Jacques Marvy
Pons
Dujon
Perlini
1995 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Shibata
Hino Vlastimil Buchtyár
Milan Kořený
Jaroslav Krpec
Tatra
1996 Viktor Moskovskikh
Skikh
Kouzmin
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Tomáš Tomeček
Radomír Stachura
Tatra Ladislav Fajtl
Jiří Janoušek
František Wurst
Tatra
1997 Peter Reif
Johann Deinhofer Roth
Hino Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Katsumi Hamura
Hino Yoshimasa Sugawara
Jean-Christophe Wagner
Takeshi Hashimoto
Hino
1998 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Jan Čermák
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Takashi Ushioda
Hino Milan Kořený
Jaroslav Lamač
Martin Kahánek
Tatra
1999 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Viktor Moskovskikh
Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Kamaz André de Azevedo
Tomáš Tomeček
Leilane Neubarth
Tatra
2000 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Petr Gilar
Tatra Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Vladimir Goloub
Kamaz
2001 Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Seiichi Suzuki
Teruhito Sugawara
Hino Peter Reif
Gunther Pichlbauer
Holger Hermann Roth
MAN
2002 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Seiichi Suzuki
Hino
2003 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz André de Azevedo
Tomáš Tomeček
Jaromír Martinec
Tatra Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Ilgizar Mardeev
Kamaz
2004 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Dzhamil Kamalov
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Arno Slaats
DAF
2005 Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Yoshimasa Sugawara
Katsumi Hamura
Hino Giacomo Vismara
Mario Cambiaghi
Claudio Bellina
Mercedes-Benz
2006 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz
2007 Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN Ilgizar Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Aleš Loprais
Petr Gilar
Tatra
2008 Rally not held
2009 Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Marcel van Melis
GINAF
2010 Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Marcel van Vliet
Herman Vaanholt
Gerard van Veenendaal
GINAF
2011 Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Ildar Shaysultanov
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Eduard Nikolaev
Viatcheslav Mizyukaev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz
2012 Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Dariusz Rodewald
Iveco Hans Stacey
Hans van Goor
Bernard der Kinderen
Iveco Artur Ardavichus
Alexey Kuzmich
Nurlan Turlubaev
Kamaz
2013 Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Anton Mirniy
Kamaz Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz
2014 Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Darek Rodewald
Iveco Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz
2015 Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz
2016 Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz Federico Villagra
Jorge Pérez Companc
Andrés Memi
Iveco
2017 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Dmitry Sotnikov
Ruslan Akhmadeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco
2018 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Siarhei Viazovich
Pavel Haranin
Andrei Zhyhulin
MAZ Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz
2019 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Dmitry Sotnikov
Dmitry Nikitin
Ilnur Mustafin
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco

Quads

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
Rider Quad Rider Quad Rider Quad
2009 Josef Macháček Yamaha Marcos Patronelli Can-Am Rafał Sonik Yamaha
2010 Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Juan Manuel González Yamaha
2011 Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Sebastián Halpern Yamaha Łukasz Łaskawiec Yamaha
2012 Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Tomas Maffei Yamaha
2013 Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Ignacio Casale Yamaha Rafał Sonik Yamaha
2014 Ignacio Casale Yamaha Rafał Sonik Yamaha Sebastian Husseini Honda
2015 Rafał Sonik Yamaha Jeremías González Yamaha Walter Nosiglia Honda
2016 Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Brian Baragwanath Yamaha
2017 Sergey Karyakin Yamaha Ignacio Casale Yamaha Pablo Copetti Yamaha
2018 Ignacio Casale Yamaha Nicolás Cavigliasso Yamaha Jeremías González Yamaha
2019 Nicolás Cavigliasso Yamaha Jeremías González Yamaha Gustavo Gallego Yamaha

UTVs

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
Crew UTV Crew UTV Crew UTV
2017 Leandro Torres
Lourival Roldan
Polaris Wang Fujiang
Li Wei
Polaris Ravil Maganov
Kirill Shubin
Polaris
2018 Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am Patrice Garrouste
Steven Griener
Polaris Claude Fournier [fr]
Szymon Gospodarczyk
Polaris
2019 Francisco "Chaleco" López
Alvaro Quintanilla
Can-Am Gerard Farrés
Daniel Oliveras
Can-Am Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am

Records

Television coverage

Over 190 different countries take the international feed of the event with a roundup of every day being made into a 26-minute programme. This has been commentated on by Toby Moody for ten years, and most recently Ben Constanduros.

The organisers provide 20 edit stations for various countries to produce their own programmes. There are four TV helicopters, six stage cameras, and three bivouac crews to make over 1,000 hours of TV over the two-week period. In the United States, coverage can be seen on NBC Sports Network.

A 2006 television documentary Race to Dakar described the experiences of a team, including the English actor Charley Boorman, in preparation for and entry into the 2006 Dakar Rally.

Video games

Release date Title Genre Platform Developer Publisher
1988 Paris-Dakar Rally Special Rally Famicom ISCO CBS/Sony Group
2001 Paris-Dakar Rally Rally Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2 Broadsword Interactive Acclaim Entertainment
2003 Paris-Dakar 2: The World's Ultimate Rally Rally PlayStation 2, Xbox, Gamecube Acclaim Studios Cheltenham Acclaim Entertainment
2018 Dakar 18 Rally Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One Bigmoon Entertainment Deep Silver

Incidents

In 1982, Mark Thatcher, son of the then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, along with his French co-driver Anne-Charlotte Verney and their mechanic, disappeared for six days. On 9 January the trio became separated from a convoy of vehicles after they stopped to make repairs to a faulty steering arm. They were declared missing on 12 January; after a large-scale search, a Lockheed L100 search plane from the Algerian military spotted their white Peugeot 504 some 50 kilometres (31 mi) off course. Thatcher, Verney, and the mechanic were all unharmed.

The organiser of the rally, Thierry Sabine, was killed when his Ecureuil helicopter ("Squirrel-copter") crashed at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday 14 January 1986, into a dune at Mali during a sudden sand-storm. Also killed onboard was the singer-songwriter Daniel Balavoine, helicopter pilot François-Xavier Bagnoud, journalist Nathalie Odent, and Jean-Paul Lefur who was a radiophonic engineer for RTL.[19]

Six people were killed during the 1988 race, three participants and three local residents. In one incident, Baye Sibi, a 10-year-old Malian girl, was killed by a racer while she crossed a road. A film crew's vehicle killed a mother and daughter in Mauritania on the last day of the race. The race participants killed, in three separate crashes, were a Dutch navigator on the DAF Trucks team, a French privateer, and a French rider. Racers were also blamed for starting a wildfire that caused a panic on a train running between Dakar and Bamako, where three more people were killed.[20]

In 2003, French driver Daniel Nebot both rolled and crashed his Toyota heavily at high speed killing his co-driver Bruno Cauvy.[21][22] In 2005, Spanish motorcyclist José Manuel Pérez died in a Spanish hospital on Monday 10 January after crashing the week before on the 7th stage. Italian motorcyclist Fabrizio Meoni, a two-time winner of the event, became the second Dakar Rally rider to die in two days, following Pérez on 11 January on stage 11. Meoni was the 11th motorcyclist and the 45th person overall to die in the history of the race. On 13 January a five-year-old Senegalese girl was hit and killed by a service lorry after wandering onto a main road, bringing the total deaths to five.

In 2006, 41-year-old Australian KTM motorcyclist Andy Caldecott, in his third time in the Dakar, died on 9 January as a result of neck injuries sustained in a crash approximately 250 kilometres (160 mi) into stage 9, between Nouakchott and Kiffa, only a few kilometers (miles) from the location where Meoni had his fatal wreck the year before. He won the third stage of the 2006 event between Nador and Er Rachidia only a few days before his death. The death occurred despite efforts by the event organisers to improve competitor safety, including limiting speed, mandatory rest at fuel stops, and reduced fuel capacity requirements for the bike classes. On 13 January a 10-year-old boy died while crossing the course after being hit by a car driven by Latvian Māris Saukāns, while on 14 January a 12-year-old boy was killed after being hit by a support lorry.[23]

In 2007, 29-year-old South African motor racer Elmer Symons died of injuries sustained in a crash during the fourth stage of the Rally. Symons crashed with his bike in the desert between Er Rachidia and Ouarzazate, Morocco.[24] Another death occurred on 20 January, the night before the race's finish, when 42-year-old motorcyclist Eric Aubijoux died suddenly. The cause of death was initially believed to be a heart attack,[25] however it was later suggested that Aubijoux had died of internal injuries sustained in a crash earlier that day while competing in the 14th stage of the race.

The 2008 Dakar Rally was cancelled due to security concerns after al-Qaeda's murder of four French tourists on Christmas Eve in December 2007 in Mauritania (a country in which the rally spent eight days), various accusations against the rally calling it "neo-colonialist", and al-Qaeda's accusations against Mauritania calling it a supporter of "crusaders, apostates and infidels". The French-based Amaury Sport Organisation in charge of the 6,000-kilometre (3,700 mi) rally said in a statement that they had been advised by the French government to cancel the race, which had been due to begin on 5 January 2008 from Lisbon. They said direct threats had also been made against the event by al-Qaeda related organisations.[26][27]

Omar Osama bin Laden, the son of Osama bin Laden, attracted news coverage in 2008 by promoting himself as an "ambassador of peace" and proposing a 3,000-mile (4,800 km) horse race across North Africa as a replacement to the Dakar Rally, with sponsors' money going to support child victims of war, saying "I heard the rally was stopped because of al-Qaida. I don't think they are going to stop me."[28]

On 7 January 2009, the body of 49-year-old motorcyclist Pascal Terry from France was found. He had been missing for three days and his body lay on a remote part of the second stage between Santa Rosa de la Pampa and Puerto Madryn.

On 4 January 2010, a woman watching the Dakar Rally was killed when a vehicle taking part in the race veered off the course and hit her during the opening stage.

On 1 January 2012, motorcyclist Jorge Martinez Boero of Argentina died after suffering a cardiac arrest after a fall. He was treated by medical staff within five minutes of the accident, but died on the way to hospital.

On 7 January 2015, motorcycle rider Michal Hernik died from unknown circumstances during Stage 3 of the 2015 rally.[29]

Overall 70 people, including 28 competitors, have died in the Dakar Rally.

Criticism

When the race was held in Africa, it was subject to criticism from several sources, generally focusing on the race's impact on the inhabitants of the African countries through which it passed.

Some African residents along the race's course in previous years have said they saw limited benefits from the race; that race participants spent little money on the goods and services local residents can offer. The racers produced substantial amounts of dust along the course, and were blamed for hitting and killing livestock, in addition to occasionally injuring or killing people.[30]

After the 1988 race, when three Africans were killed in collisions with vehicles involved in the race, PANA, a Dakar-based news agency, wrote that the deaths were "insignificant for the [race's] organisers". The Vatican City newspaper L'Osservatore Romano called the race a "vulgar display of power and wealth in places where men continue to die from hunger and thirst."[31] During a 2002 protest at the race's start in Arras, France, a Green Party of France statement described the race as "colonialism that needs to be eradicated".[32]

The environmental impact of the race has been another area of criticism. This criticism of the race is notably the topic of the song "500 connards sur la ligne de départ" ("500 Arseholes at the Starting Line"), on the 1991 album Marchand de cailloux by French singer Renaud.

In 2014, the Dakar rally was criticized for damage done to archaeological sites in Chile.[33]

Gallery

See also



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dakar Rally", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

Cars & Motorbikes & Trucks

Car, Truck,MotorBike, Bicycle, Engine, Racer