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Mercedes-Benz G-Class (23895 views - Cars & Motorbikes & Trucks)

The Mercedes-Benz G-Class, sometimes called G-Wagen (short for Geländewagen, "cross country vehicle"), is a mid-size four-wheel drive luxury SUV manufactured by Magna Steyr (formerly Steyr-Daimler-Puch) in Austria and sold by Mercedes-Benz. In certain markets, it has been sold under the Puch name as Puch G. The G-Wagen is characterised by its boxy styling and body-on-frame construction. It uses three fully locking differentials, one of the few vehicles to have such a feature. Despite the introduction of an intended replacement, the unibody SUV Mercedes-Benz GL-Class in 2006, the G-Class is still in production and is one of the longest produced vehicles in Daimler's history, with a span of 35 years. Only the Unimog surpasses it.
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Mercedes-Benz G-Class

Mercedes-Benz G-Class

Mercedes-Benz G-Class
Mercedes-Benz G 350 BlueTEC (W463)
ManufacturerDaimler-Benz (1979–1998)
DaimlerChrysler (1998–2007)
Daimler AG (2007–present)
Magna Steyr (2018–present)
Also called
  • Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen (1979–present)
  • Puch G
  • SUV: 1979–present
  • Pickup truck: 2013–2015 (69 made)
Body and chassis
RelatedPeugeot P4
Rheinmetall LIV (SO) (aka AGF)
Interim Fast Attack Vehicle

The Mercedes-Benz G-Class, sometimes called G-Wagen (short for Geländewagen, "cross country vehicle"), is a mid-size four-wheel drive luxury SUV manufactured by Magna Steyr (formerly Steyr-Daimler-Puch) in Austria and sold by Mercedes-Benz. In certain markets, it has been sold under the Puch name as Puch G.

The G-Wagen is characterised by its boxy styling and body-on-frame construction. It uses three fully locking differentials, one of the few vehicles to have such a feature.

Despite the introduction of an intended replacement, the unibody SUV Mercedes-Benz GL-Class in 2006, the G-Class is still in production and is one of the longest produced vehicles in Daimler's history, with a span of 35 years. Only the Unimog surpasses it.[4]



The G-class was developed as a military vehicle from a suggestion by the Shah of Iran (at the time a significant Mercedes shareholder) to Mercedes[5] and offered as a civilian version in 1979. In this role it is sometimes referred to as the "Wolf". The Peugeot P4 was a variant made under licence in France with a Peugeot engine. The first military in the world to use it was the Argentine Army (Ejército Argentino) beginning in 1981 with the military model 461.

The development of the G-Class started in 1972 with a cooperative agreement between Daimler-Benz and Steyr-Daimler-Puch in Graz, Austria. Mercedes-Benz engineers in Stuttgart were in charge of design and testing, while the team in Graz developed the production plans. The first wooden model was presented to Daimler-Benz management in 1973, with the first drivable prototype beginning various testing including German coalfields, the Sahara Desert, and the Arctic Circle in 1974. Construction commenced on a new production facility in Graz, where the new cross-country vehicle would be assembled nearly entirely by hand in 1975, with production of the "G Model" beginning in Graz in 1979. In 1980, the Vatican took delivery of a specially made G-Wagen outfitted with a clear thermoplastic top which served as the Popemobile. The “Papa G” later took up permanent residence at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

The first major refinements were introduced in 1981, including an automatic transmission, air conditioning, an auxiliary fuel tank, protective headlamp grilles and a cable winch. Fuel injection became available in 1982, when the 230 GE was introduced in Turin,[6] along with more comfortable and supportive front seats, auxiliary heating, wider tires and fender flares. For 1985, differential locks, central door locking and a tachometer became standard and by 1986 over 50,000 G Models had been produced.

The G-Wagen was facelifted in 1990. In 1989, for the 10th anniversary of the G Model, a new model variant with permanent 4-wheel drive, a wood-trimmed interior and optional Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) debuted at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. Production began the following April. For 1992, a new sub-series for professional users began production. The civilian model began to offer cruise control, a stainless-steel spare-tire cover, running boards and Burl Walnut wood interior trim. The same year, the 100,000th G Model was built in Graz. In 1994, the model line was officially renamed the G-Class. Ventilated front disc brakes and a driver’s air bag became standard. In 1996 the automatic transmission became an electronically controlled 5-speed unit. Headlamp washers, cruise control and a front passenger’s air bag were added. In 1998, the range-topping G 500 with a 296 hp V 8 was introduced for series production.

For 1999 a limited run of V 8 powered "G 500 Classic" special editions marked the model's 20th anniversary. A multifunction steering wheel was added to all models. Later in the year, the new G 55 AMG debuts as the most powerful G-Class yet, with 354 hp. The U.S. market launch of the G-Class took place in 2001. New alloy wheels, a chrome grille and body-color bumpers plus a more luxurious cabin were introduced. New dynamic control systems included the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Brake Assist and the 4 wheel Electronic Traction System (4 ETS). The G 55 AMG was upgraded in 2004 with a supercharged V 8 engine developing 476 hp. In Siberia in 2006, a documentary filmmaker was the first foreigner to reach the world’s coldest region with a passenger vehicle in winter, driving a stock G 500 nearly 19,000 km without a single breakdown, in temperatures as frigid as −63˚F/-53 °C.

A new version was expected for 2007, but the new GL-Class did not replace the G-Wagen, and it will continue to be hand-built in Graz, Austria at an annual production of 4,000 to 6,000 units. In February 2009, Magna Steyr, an operating unit of Magna International, announced that it signed an agreement with Daimler AG to extend the production of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class at Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria until 2015. Besides the production, the further development of the G-Class by Daimler's subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Consult Graz since 1992.[7]

For 2007 the output of the G 55 AMG was raised to an even 500 hp. Bi Xenon headlamps, corner-illuminating front foglamps and new scratch-resistant nano-particle paint finishes were offered for the first time. In 2008 more-refined instrumentation and controls were included in the G-Class cabin, along with the COMAND system with hard-drive-based navigation, a rear view camera, voice control, Bluetooth and a Tire Pressure Monitoring System. The Vatican receives a new white “Popemobile” based on a G 500. 2009 marked the 30th anniversary of the vehicle, with over 200,000 units having been manufactured in Graz since 1979.

G-Wagen 460 and 461

460 / 461
Production1979–1990 (460)
1990–present (461)[8]
Body and chassis
Body style3-door SWB
2-door SWB convertible
3-door SWB van
3-door LWB van
5-door LWB station wagon
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
PlatformMercedes-Benz 460
Engine2.0L I4
2.3L I4
2.8L I6 Petrol
2.4L I4 diesel
2.5L I5 diesel
3.0L I5 diesel
2.9L I5 turbodiesel
Transmission4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
4-speed manual
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in) or 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Mercedes-Benz G-Class 2-door

The original 460-series Geländewagen went on sale in 1979, after having debuted in February of that year. It was offered with two wheelbases, a short wheelbase (SWB) of 2,400 mm and a long one (LWB) of 2,850 mm. One could choose between three body styles: A two-door short wheelbase convertible, a two-door SWB wagon and a long wheelbase four-door wagon. The two wagon versions were also available as windowless two-door Vans (or Kastenwagen in German). While always assembled in Graz, the car was sold as the Puch G only in the Austrian, Swiss, and Eastern European markets.[6]

During the G-Wagen's life span many a different body style was made for army and public-service clients, like the Popemobile, the pickup or the chassis/cab with a wheelbase of 2,850, 3,120 or 3,400 mm, the chassis/cab being the base vehicle for army-ambulances or communication vehicles. Because of the sheer variety of military versions, this article focuses on the more standardized civilian G-Wagen.

The 460 was popular with military and off-road enthusiasts, with more than 50,000 built in the first decade. Mercedes-Benz initially did not sell the model in the United States, but by means of "casual importation" grey-market in the mid-1980s, importers sold a number of G-Wagens which had been modified to meet the specifications by the US DOT, at about $135,000.

G-Wagen 461

Mercedes G-Classe Edition Pur

The 461 is the dedicated military and parapublic service model, produced since 1990. The 462 designation was used on ELBO-made Greek army verhicles. The Peugeot P4 had its own designations.

460 models

  • 200 GE — M102E20 2.0 L I4, 109 PS (80 kW) at 5,200 rpm, (only sold in Italy and a few other markets)[9]
  • 230 G — M115 2.3 L I4, 102 hp (75 kW), 127 lb·ft (172 N·m/3,000 rpm)
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 PS (92 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 141 lb·ft (192 N·m/4,000 rpm)
  • 280 GE — M110E 2.8 L I6, 156 hp (115 kW), 166 lb·ft (226 N·m/4,250 rpm)
  • 240 GDOM616 2.4 L Diesel I4, 72 PS (53 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 101 lb·ft (137 N·m/2,400 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 84 hp (62 kW), 113 lb·ft (154 N·m/2,800 rpm)
  • 300 GDOM617 3.0 L Diesel I5, 88 PS (65 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 126 lb·ft (172 N·m/2,400 rpm)

461 models

  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 140 lb·ft (192 N·m/4000 rpm)
  • 290 GD — OM602D29 2.9 L Diesel I5, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 290 GD TD — OM602DLA29 2.9 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 92 kW (123 hp)

G-Class 463 (1990–2018)

Body and chassis
Body style3-door SWB
2-door SWB convertible
5-door LWB station wagon
LayoutFront engine, four-wheel drive
PlatformMercedes-Benz W463
RelatedKSU Gazal-1
Engine5.0L V8
5.4L supercharged V8
5.5L twin-turbo V8
6.0L twin-turbo V12
2.9L V6 Diesel
4.0L V8 Diesel
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in) or 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
LengthPre-2003: 4,661 mm (183.5 in)
2004–09: 4,714 mm (185.6 in) (LWB)
2010–18: 4,686 mm (184.5 in)
WidthPre-2003: 1,760 mm (69.3 in)
2004–09: 1,811 mm (71.3 in)
2004–09 AMG: 1,864 mm (73.4 in)
2010–18: 1,824 mm (71.8 in)
2010–18 AMG: 1,857 mm (73.1 in)
HeightPre-2003: 1,836 mm (72.3 in)
2004–09: 1,976 mm (77.8 in)
2010–18: 1,930 mm (76.0 in)
Kerb weight2,580 kg (5,690 lb) (G55 AMG)

The chassis was significantly revised for 1990, and resulted in the new 463 G-Class. Equipped with anti-lock brakes, full-time 4WD and a trio of electric locking differentials. The interior was totally upgraded, finished with wooden accents and optional leather upholstery. The 463 features a larger choice of engines, with the first V8-powered model, the luxury 500 GE, appearing for a limited two-year production run in 1993. The 500 GE used the M117 engine, a four-speed automatic transmission, and, notably for a G-Wagen, only came with two locking differentials.[10] Steering wheel was revised for 1993 model year. All 463 G-Wagens began using Mercedes-Benz's new letter-first naming scheme in 1994, as well as another major steering wheel revision which included driver airbags.

1997 update

The range was refreshed again in 1997, including the introduction of a power-topped convertible and two new engines, the 2.9 L Turbo Diesel and the V6-powered (M112 motor) G320 — previous years' G320s were outfitted with the M104 I6. The V8 G-wagen returned with a new engine in 1998 as the G500, with official sales beginning in the United States in 2002 at $75,000. The 354 hp (260 kW) G55 AMG cemented the vehicle in the American market, becoming a vehicle of choice for many celebrities. Since 2000 model year, steering wheel has been revised with control buttons.

W463-based military, parapublic and utility versions

Since the classic W461 ended production in 2001, military, parapublic service and utility versions are also based on the W463 driveline. Sometimes, the W461 designation is still used for these

463 Worker/Professional/Greenline

  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)
  • G 280 CDIOM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm) (manufactured in both 4×4 and 6×6)
  • G 300 CDIOM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)

2005 update

Mercedes-Benz considered that 2005 would be the last year they would export the Geländewagen to the United States market; however, with an order placed by the U.S. Marine Corps for 157 Mercedes-Benz units to replace their aging and limited use Desert Patrol Vehicle with a more modern and militarized Interim Fast Attack Vehicle, the manufacturer continued to offer the vehicle in the US market. To celebrate the supposed end of US market Geländewagens, 500 examples of the "Grand Edition" model were made available. All "Grand Edition" are marked with external Grand Edition badging on the front fenders as well as silver plaque with specific series number "xxx of 500" on the interior of the vehicle. Also new for the 2005 model year was the first supercharged G55 AMG model, boasting a 469 hp (350 kW) V8 engine. So equipped, a G55 AMG was able to achieve 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.2 seconds. The G550 went from 0 to 60 mph in 7.2 seconds, while it took the G55 AMG 5.2 seconds.

Various automobile tuners such as AMG, Brabus, Lorinser, Carlsson, A.R.T., and RENNtech have all modified the engine, interior, and exterior.

It was rumored that, with military contracts for the G-Class completed, production of the old G-Wagen in Graz, Austria would cease in 2006. However, reports state that production of the current G-Wagen will continue for the foreseeable future, alongside its once-intended replacement, the GL-Class (X164). An outcry among enthusiasts who admired the G-Class for its tremendous off-road potential, along with its reputation and cachet, showed that a market still existed for such a vehicle.

G63 AMG V12 (2002)

The G63 AMG V12 was a special edition for 2002 only with a 6.3 litre V12 with 36 valves (3 valves per cylinder). This engine was also put into the 2002 S63 AMG V12 which both produced 438 BHP and sent the G63 from 0-60 mph in 5.9 seconds, 0.5 seconds quicker than the G55 AMG V8 of that same year.

Grand Edition (2006)

It is a version of long wheelbase G 500 and G 400 CDI. It included optional allanite grey magno metallic body colour, brushed aluminium trim strips with integrated "Grand Edition" lettering, open-pored, non-embossed natural leather upholstery; matte-silk wood trim on the dashboard and centre console, as well as illuminated door sills with "Grand Edition" lettering.

The vehicle went on sale in March 2006.[11][12]


On Nov 11, 2005, Dr. Dieter Zetsche, DaimlerChrysler Board of Management member and head of the Mercedes Car Group, announced Magna Steyr would continue production of G-Class vehicles in Graz.[13][14]

2006 update

Early models include G 320 CDI (replacing G 270 CDI and G 400 CDI), G 500, G 55 AMG Kompressor. G 320 CDI and G 500 are available in three body variants (Station Wagon short, Station Wagon long, Cabriolet). G 55 AMG Kompressor only available in long Station Wagon body. Delivery of G 320 CDI began in September 2006.[15]

G 55 AMG Kompressor (2006–)

In the mid-year update, the supercharged engine was updated to increase power to 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) and torque to 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) at 2,750–4,000 rpm via enhanced and retuned engine control unit. Other features included 18-inch AMG light-alloy wheels in titanium grey with 285/55 R 18 wide-base tyres, bi-xenon headlamps, oval foglamps with a cornering light function and ISOFIX child seat attachments in the second seat row, scratch resistant body paint in calcite white, periclase green metallic and teallite blue metallic.

The vehicle went on sale in September 2006, in long Station Wagon body only.[16][17]


Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 500 2006– 4,966 cc (303 cu in) V8 (M 113 E 50) 292 PS (215 kW; 288 hp) at 5,500, 456 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) at 2,800
G 55 AMG Kompressor (476 PS) 2005-07 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 Supercharger (M 113 E 55 ML) 476 PS (350 kW; 469 hp) at 6,100, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) at 2,650–4,500
G 55 AMG Kompressor (500 PS) 2008–10 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 Supercharger (M 113 E 55 ML) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) at 6,100, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) at 2,750–4,000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 320 CDI 2006– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) at 3,800, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400


Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2006– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)
G 55 AMG 2006–2012 5-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT)
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 320 CDI 2006– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)

2007 update

The company showed a facelifted 2007 model at the Paris Auto Show in September 2006[18] and increased the power of the G55 AMG version from 476 to 500 hp (370 kW). Mercedes-Benz at the same time also announced that it will continue to manufacture the G-Class through 2015 on the continuing demand worldwide for the model by military and civilian buyers.

New options include a reversing camera which shows drivers the scene behind the vehicle on the new COMAND unit's 6.5-inch screen, a tire pressure monitoring system whose information appears in the instrument cluster display, a sports exhaust system for the long-wheelbase G 500 Station Wagon from G 55 AMG, the "ARTICO" interior package with robust man-made leather appointments, the new "Cognac" leather upholstery which extends the previous choice of leather appointments in either black or grey by adding a third, brown tone (no-cost option for G 500 model).

The delivery of the vehicles began in mid April 2007.[19][20] The "G" is available in three body variants, two Station Wagon versions with a short or long wheelbase. Early engine ranges include G 320 CDI (replacing G 270 CDI and G 400 CDI), G 500, G 55 AMG.[21]

G 55 AMG is only available in long Station Wagon body.


Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 500 2007– 4,966 cc (303 cu in) V8 (M 113 E 50) 292 PS (215 kW; 288 hp) at 5,500, 456 N⋅m (336 lb⋅ft) at 2,800
G 55 AMG 2007– 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) at 6,100, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) at 2,750
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 320 CDI 2007– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) at 3,800, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400


Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2007– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)
G 55 AMG 2007– 5-speed automatic (AG 5/AMG SPEEDSHIFT?)
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 320 CDI 2007– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)

2008 update

New features include new telematics with Bluetooth hands-free system, new media interface option, standard Audio 20 CD including a built-in six-disc CD changer for G 320 CDI, standard COMAND APS infotainment system with a built-in six-disc DVD changer for G 500. The COMAND APS also incorporates the new LINGUATRONIC system with extended functionality, with optional Harman Kardon Logic7 surround sound system with 12 high-performance speakers and an output of 450 watts, optional TV tuner and reversing camera. Other options include climatised seats for the driver and front passenger.

The vehicles went on sale in September 2008. Early models include G 320 CDI, G 500 for all body styles: Short-wheelbase Station Wagon, Long-wheelbase Station Wagon (pictured at right), Cabriolet.[23]


Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 500 2008– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 KE 55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) at 6,000, 530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft) at 2,800–4,800
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 320 CDI 2008– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) at 3,800, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400

2009 update

New features include ergonomically optimised front seats, modernised the rear seat bench, optional climatised multicontour seats. New standard equipment include an Aux-in socket in the glove compartment and the familiar designer ignition key, optional indirect ambient interior lighting, a leather-trimmed dashboard, an extensive Chrome package as well as a media interface to connect an iPod, USBor Aux devices add to the feel-good factor on board. New body colour choices include palladium silver metallic, designo platinum magno matt finish.

Early models include G 350 CDI (replacing G 320), G 500, G 55 AMG. G 350 CDI and G 500 are available in three body variants (short Station Wagon, long Station Wagon and Cabriolet), while G 55 AMG is only available in four-door long Station Wagon body.[24][25]

US models went on sale as 2010 vehicles, which included G55 AMG.

Taiwan models included G 350 CDI long Station Wagon, G 500 long Station Wagon, G 55 AMG in 2010, followed by G 350 CDI short Station Wagon in 2011 in limited quantities (20 units).[26] G 350 BlueTEC long Station Wagon was added in 2Q 2012.[27]

G 500 Guard (2009?-)

It is an armoured version of G 500 long Station Wagon with bullet resistance level FB6 or FB7, Touchshift 7‑speed automatic transmission.[28][29]

G-Class LIMITED.30 and G-Class EDITION.PUR (2009)

EDITION.PUR is a long-wheelbase Station Wagon based on the G 280 CDI from the 461 model series. It includes all-terrain tyres in size 265/75 R 16 on aluminium rims, flexible wheel arch flaring, protective grilles for the headlamps and lights, optional a walk-on bonnet, a towing lug at the front, a two-section rear door, four individual seats upholstered in hard-wearing fabric or man-made leather, rubber floor coverings in the passenger compartment, spray-protected controls and drainage apertures in the footwells. Optional features include load compartment with a wood floor, load-securing rings and rails.

LIMITED.30 model is a long-wheelbase Station Wagon based on G 500 from G 463 model series. It includes designo platinum black body colour, light-alloy wheels and LIMITED.30 lettering on the wings, designo leather in the colour "chablis" and designo wood trim in anthracite poplar.[30]

G 55 AMG KOMPRESSOR "Edition 79" (2009?-)

It is a version of G 55 AMG for Middle East market, inspired by the sales start of the series in 1979. It included designo magno alanite grey body colour from SLS AMG, a crash bar at the front, carbon-look side trim strips, 19-inch AMG light-alloy wheels in a titanium finish, chromed protective grilles for the front indicators, tail lights and the underguard; designo leather seats in black/sand, solid carbon-fibre trim, Edition logo "1 out of 79" positioned in front of the selector lever.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 Dubai International Motor Show.[31]

G 350 BlueTEC (2010–)

It is the first G-Class vehicle with BlueTEC Diesel engine. It includes electronically controlled traction system 4ETS, the Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and three differential locks selectable at the push of a button, permanent all-wheel drive with off-road ratio, 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission. AdBlue tank has rated range of 12,000 kilometres.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 Geneva International Motor Show.[32]

Production model was sold in three body variants (short-wheelbase Station Wagon, long-wheelbase Station Wagon and Convertible).[33]

G-Wagon 280 CDI Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 5.4 (2010?-)

Available in five doors and fully armoured crew and cargo compartments or with four doors and an armoured crew compartment and unprotected rear body structure, it is an armoured version of G 280 CDI with engine rated 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) and 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1600–2600, 5-speed automatic transmission.[34]

Mercedes-Benz G-Wagon Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.X CONCEPT (2010)

It is an armoured patrol vehicle developed with EADS, based on LAPV 5.4. It included a high torque common rail diesel engine, top speed of 150 km/h, 1.3 tonnes cargo capacity, monocoque full steel body, compact 2850mm wheelbase, modular armour plate including a mine deflector plate on the vehicles floor, adjustable variable lift front and rear coil-over air shock absorbers with maximum 450mm of ground clearance, hydraulic braking system with four ventilated disc brakes, EADS vehicle data recorder system, EADS integrated communication system for UHF or VHF bands, EADS integrated mobile command, control and information system; EADS jamming system.A10 Warhog

The vehicle was unveiled in EUROSATORY 2010.[35]

BA3 Final Edition, Edition Select (2011–)

They are versions of G 350 BlueTEC in short wheelbase Station Wagon body and long-wheelbase G 500 with long-wheelbase Station Wagon body, both with 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic/Manual transmission.

BA3 Final Edition includes 5-twin-spoke light-alloy wheels with 265/60 R 18 tyres, running boards and the spare wheel cover with a 3D Mercedes-Benz star in stainless steel, AMG radiator grille in a 3-louvre design with chrome highlights.

Edition Select model includes 2-tone body colours (designo mystic white, palladium silver metallic, thulite red metallic and obsidian black metallic), obsidian black metallic bumpers and AMG side flaps and exterior mirrors, running boards and the spare wheel cover with a 3D Mercedes-Benz star in stainless steel, 18-inch light-alloy wheels in a 5-twin-spoke design with 265/60 R 18 tyres, carbon-fibre look inserts in the protective strips, an underguard and an AMG sports exhaust system, two-tone upholstery in porcelain/black designo leather (optional Single-tone black designo leather), chrome luggage compartment sill protector with "Mercedes-Benz" lettering and a radiator grille with chrome inserts, black leather dashboard, armrest, door handles and parking brake lever; gathered leather inner door panels, black designo velour floor mats with porcelain edging, designo wood trim in black piano lacquer, steering wheel and selector lever are in a leather/piano lacquer combination with contrasting topstitching.[36][37]

Japan version of Edition Select includes G 500 (as G 550), and went on sale on January 2012.[38]

G-Class Professional

Available in G 280 CDI (long wheelbase Station Wagon) and G 300 CDI (long wheelbase Station Wagon, panel cab, chassis cab, pickup truck), it is a version of G-Class Military for civilian market. It included 3.0-litre Diesel engine rated 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp), 5-speed automatic transmission, manual windows, snorkel engine intake, air conditioning, two lockable toolboxes, a flexible map-reading light, drainage plugs in the footwell area, leather-wrapped steering wheel. Long wheelbase Station Wagon models include 4 seats with fabric upholstery, sliding wood panels at rear cargo compartment.[39][40][41]

Hong Kong model went on sale in 2011-04-11. Early models included G 300 CDI long wheelbase Station Wagon.[42]

In 2014 MBAUP delivered 6 G 300 professional lwb cab chassis for new prototype fire fighting vehicles in Victoria Australia. Commencing late 2015 a "fire pack" version of the G300 lwb cab chassis will be delivered for the first of more than 300 of the "Ultra Light Fire Tankers". The Fire pack includes factory fitted reinforced front winch bar and recovery points (2)rated to 50 kn, 100 amp power supply to the rear of the vehicle, fire protected fuel, electrical and brake lines and a tow bar and rear recovery points as well as enhanced rear body mounts to handle the continuous high weight, extreme operating environment and strength for the industry leading Falling Object Protection System (FOPS) that is installed on the vehicles. The fire pack and ULT have been developed jointly by Mercedes and fire vehicle specialists from the Victorian government department responsible for fire management on public land, to meet the need for an extremely capable, off-road, small (4500 kg), fire truck. The proven toughness of the G Klasse platform combined with an innovative fire vehicle body has set a new standard for the Australian forest fire industry.

G 55 AMG long "mastermind" Limited (2012)

It is a limited (5 units) version of G 55 AMG with four-door long Station Wagon body for Japan market, designed with apparel brand mastermind JAPAN.[43]

Vehicle models

Availability varies depending on export market

  • G 300 CDI Professional (2009–2011) — 3.0 L 2987 cc V6 diesel, (135 kW), (400 N·m)
  • G 350 BlueTEC (2009–present) — 3.0 L 2987 cc V6 diesel, 211 hp (155 kW), (540 N·m)
  • G 500 (G 550 in US) (2009–present) — M273E55 5.5 L 5461 ccV8, 382 hp (285 kW), 391 lb·ft (530 N·m)


Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 500 2009– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 KE 55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) at 6,000, 530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft) at 2,800–4,800
G 55 AMG 2009– 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) at 6,100, 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) at 2,750–4,000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 280 CDI 2010?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) at 3,800, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,600
G 300 CDI 2010?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) at 3,800, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,600
G 350 BlueTEC 2010– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp) at 3,400, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400
G 350 CDI 2009– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp) at 3,800, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400

The G 500 is known as the G 550 in Japan and the United States.


Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 280 CDI 2010?- 5-speed automatic
G 300 CDI 2010?- 5-speed automatic


Manufacturing contracts with Daimler AG have been renewed for the continued production of Mercedes-Benz's G-Class at Magna Steyr's facilities in Graz, Austria, until 2015 now to 2019 end of production because due to legislative reasons.

Production of G 300 CDI Professional ended in October 2011.[44]


The G-Class vehicle appeared in the 2010 movie Sex and the City 2.[45][46]

As part of Mercedes-Benz's attempt to demonstrate the off-road capability of G-Class SUV, seven G-Class vehicles took a journey from Halls Creek in Western Australia to Wiluna. However, shock absorbers on six of the vehicles (5 civilian G 350 and 1 military models) were broken during their trip in the corrugations of Canning Stock Route in day 7. Mercedes-Benz Australia later arranged for the replacement shock absorbers to land in Perth, before transferring to a light plane destined for a remote Aboriginal settlement close to Well 33, about 1000 km from Wiluna. The parts would be delivered by the sole surviving vehicle, a G-Professional.[47][48][49]

2012 update

In June 2012, the G-Class received some minor modifications to the specification and engine range. The significant changes on the outside are LED running lights and new side mirrors with integrated turn signals (coinciding with the current design of side mirrors for Mercedes-Benz); also, the AMG has a new bumper and grille. The majority of the G-Class's upgrades reside under its hood and behind its doors: a new interior and more modern amenities. Interior changes include a re-sculpted dashboard and center console with a relocated COMAND screen and a new colour multifunction screen added to the gauge cluster. The latest MBrace2 telematics system is also on board and now comes standard with DISTRONIC adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring and updated PARKTRONIC backup sensors and rearview camera, together with a revised stability control to enable trailer stabilizing functionality.

The vehicles went on sale in June 2012. Early models included G350 BlueTEC, G500, G500 Cabriolet, G63 AMG and G65 AMG. The G350 BlueTEC was sold as a long-wheelbase Station Wagon, the G500 was sold as either a long-wheelbase station wagon or a short-wheelbase cabriolet.[50][51]

US models went on sale in August 2012 as 2013 model year vehicles. Early models included G550 and G63 AMG.

Japan models went on sale in 2012-08-02. Early models included left-hand drive versions of the G550, G63 AMG and G65 AMG.[52]

Taiwan models went on sale as 2013 model year vehicles. Early models included the G350 BlueTEC, G500 and G63 AMG.[53]

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show (G350 BlueTEC).,[54][55] followed by the 2013 Osaka Motor Show (G350 BlueTEC).[56]

G-Class Professional (2012–)

Available as the G300 CDI (long-wheelbase station wagon, chassis cab, pickup truck), it is a stripped-out, more practically-oriented version of the G-Class, specifically created for extreme operations in rugged terrain. It includes a 3.0-liter Diesel engine rated at 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) and a 5-speed automatic transmission.[57][58]

G63 AMG, G65 AMG (2012–)

The G63 comes with the AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC transmission and an ECO start/stop function and an AMG sports exhaust system. Furthermore, the suspension/damper settings are adjusted for more dynamic handling characteristics, by using optimised bearings for the automatic gearbox, transfer case and engine, cutting vibration and noise levels. It has AMG 5x2 spoke 9.5x20-inch titanium-grey-painted light alloy wheels with high-sheen finish and 275/50 R 20 tyres, AMG high-performance brakes 375x36 millimetres front and 330x20 millimetres rear discs, six-piston fixed front brake calliper from the ML63 AMG, single-piston floating rear caliper and red brake caliper colour. The readjusted ESP includes automatic control systems such as the start-up assist and a HOLD function with optional trailer coupling. It has a twin-blade radiator grill with four chrome inserts, an AMG bumper with three airflow inlets and high-gloss chrome stainless steel inserts, new LED daytime running lamps below the bi-xenon headlamps, stainless-steel running boards and side protective strips with stainless-steel inserts, AMG instrument cluster with colour TFT screen, AMG main menu and separate gear display, plus white-lit AMG sills on all doors, E-SELECT shift lever from SLS AMG, and "designo" leather upholstery with ruffled leather door paneling.

The G65 AMG is based on G63 AMG, but includes a high-gloss chrome radiator grill, 9.5x20-inch AMG five-spoke light alloy wheel in titanium grey with high-sheen finish, 275/50 R 20 tyres, "designo" leather upholstery and the leather instrument panel trim, V12 diamond design of the seats, including the impressed AMG medallion on the headrests, black piano lacquer "designo" trim features and "designo" foot mats with a V12 badge, and the AMG Performance Studio option (AMG light alloy wheels in matt black with high-sheen rim flanges).

The vehicles went on sale in June 2012 in long station-wagon body style only.[59][60] It went on sale in the United States in 2015.

Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.1, G-Class 6x6 (2012–)

The Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.1 is based on the Mercedes-Benz G-Wagon Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.X CONCEPT. It includes a 3.0-liter Diesel engine from the 461 series, a tire pressure monitor, 1000 mm water treading depth and a top speed of 140 km/h.

The G-Class 6x6 is a truck with 2 rows of seats and with 3-ton payload capacity.

The vehicles were unveiled at Eurosatory 2012.[61][62]

Ener-G-Force (2012)

Mercedes-Benz Ener-G Force

It is a concept vehicle based on the concept of a future police car developed for the Los Angeles Design Challenge 2012. It includes a 3-panel greenhouse, 20-inch rims, recycled water in tanks on the roof with a hydrogen converter and hydrogen fuel cells, 4 wheel-hub motors, a "Terra-Scan" 360-degree topography scanner on the roof, side skirts illumination indicating the operating and charge status of the energy packs, a roof rack and additional lamps integrated into the roof.[63]

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2012 LA Auto Show.[64][65]

G63 AMG 6x6 (2013–2015)

A version of the G-Class CDI with five differential locks and six-wheel-drive, half a meter of ground clearance, twin-turbo V8 engine from G63 AMG, AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC automatic transmission, increased ground clearance to 460 millimetres with diving depth increased to 1000 millimetres, 18-inch beadlock wheels, 37 x 12.5 x 18 inch all-terrain tyres, flared wheel arches in carbon fibre, rear load area with stainless-steel roll-over bar, four electrically adjustable, heated and ventilated individual seats, red or light brown exclusive "designo" leather interior upholstery, rear compartment with a special center console, the roof liner and pillars in Alcantara covering, rear panel trimmed in leather. The top speed is limited to 160 km/h and it is capable of reaching 100 km/h in around 7 seconds.[66][67][68][69][70]

On February 17, 2015 GTspirit reported that the G63 AMG 6x6 has been sold out. Mercedes-Benz managed to sell more units of the G63 AMG 6x6 than originally anticipated. The last customer delivery is expected to leave the G-Class factory in Graz, Austria in May, a little over 100 units have been built.[71]

Mercedes-Benz G 63 AMG 6x6
The back of the Mercedes-Benz G 63 6x6
Mercedes-Benz G 63 6x6 dashboard
Mercedes-Benz G 63 6x6 switches
Brabus G 63 700 AMG 6x6

G 550 Night Edition (2013–2015)

It is a limited (100 units) version of G550, right-side drive for the Japanese market, with obsidian black body colour, porcelain (60 units) or classic red (40 units) "designo" leather interior, AMG over fender, exclusive titanium grey paint 18-inch 5 twin spoke aluminium wheels, "designo" leather seats with seat heater, "designo" piano lacquer wood interior trim (black), Alcantara roof liner (anthracite), leather dashboard and "designo" floor mats (black).[72]

The vehicle went on sale 2013-04-16.[73][74]

The vehicle was unveiled at the Mercedes Benz Connection in Roppongi.[75]

G-Class Cabriolet "Final Edition" (2013–)

It is a limited (200 units) version of the G500 Cabriolet, commemorating the end of the G-Class Cabriolet production, with a collapsible soft top in beige with a draught-stop, beige-coloured tonneau cover, radiator grill in chrome, 5-spoke light-alloy wheels in titanium grey, “Final Edition 200” monogram on the B-pillar, sand-coloured and black designo leather seats, trim on the centre console in "designo" satin-finish light brown poplar wood, leather trim for the front doors, and an AMG performance steering wheel.[76][77][78]

G 500 4×4²

Shortly after the G63 AMG 6x6 sold out, Mercedes-Benz revealed a G500 4×4² bearing strong resemblance to the G63 AMG 6x6. It's one axle shorter than the G63 AMG 6x6 but uses a newly developed variable chassis, albeit with the body of the series production G-Class. The G500 4×4² is powered by the new 4.0 liter V8 biturbo engine which debuted in the Mercedes-AMG GT and later in the 2015 C63 AMG. It produces 422 hp and 610 Nm of torque which altogether is capable of achieving a 210 km/h top speed.[79]

Mercedes-Maybach G 650 Landaulet (2017–)

In 2017 was the release of the first SUV under the sub-brand name Mercedes-Maybach which will be built on the basis of the G-Class. The car will be assembled on an elongated platform model Mercedes-Benz G 500 4x4², whose wheelbase is 3428 mm. The folding fabric roof will be installed on the rear of the vehicle above the 2nd row seats. In addition, the SUV will get the same portal axle, powerful brakes, all locking differentials, but the suspension will be re-designed with extra comfort. Under the hood, there is an AMG-enhanced V12 biturbo engine that produces 630 horsepower.[80]

The production will be strictly limited to 99 units.[80]


Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 500 2012– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 E55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) at 6,000, 530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft) at 2,800–4,800
G 500 Cabriolet 2012–2013 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 E55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) at 6,000, 530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft) at 2,800–4,800
G 63 AMG 2012– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 twin turbo (M 157 DE 55 AL) 544 PS (400 kW; 537 hp) at 5,500, 760 N⋅m (561 lb⋅ft) at 2,000–5,000
G 65 AMG 2012– 5,980 cc (365 cu in) V12 twin turbo (M 275 E 60 AL and M 279 E 60 AL (starting 2015)) 612 PS (450 kW; 604 hp) at 4,300–5,600, 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft) at 2,300–4,300
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque at rpm
G 300 CDI (183PS) 2012– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 183 PS (135 kW; 180 hp) at 3,800, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,800
G 300 CDI (184PS) 2013?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) at 3,800, 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,800
G 350 BlueTEC 2012– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp) at 3,400, 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) at 1,600–2,400

The G 500 is known as the G 550 in Canada, Japan and the United States.


Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2012– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC PLUS)
G 500 Cabriolet 2012–2013 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC PLUS)
G 63 AMG 2012– 7-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC)
G 65 AMG 2012– 7-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC)
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 300 CDI (183PS) 2012– 5-speed automatic
G 300 CDI tomatic
G 350 BlueTec


Production of G63 AMG 6x6 was set to begin in third quarter of 2013 by Magna Steyr.[81]

As of July 19, 2013, the Mercedes-Benz G-Class 300 CDI started replacing the Swiss army's PUCH 230 GE all-terrain vehicles, with the 4-seater Station Wagon variant accounting for 75% of the planned procurement volume for Mercedes-Benz G-models, and the chassis variant for shelter-type bodies making up the remaining 25%.[82]


The G-Class is used in the 2013 film A Good Day to Die Hard.[83][84]

Previous models

  • 200 GE — M102E20 1,997 cc I4, 109 PS (80 kW) (only sold in Italy) – later rebadged G 200
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2,299 cc I4, 125 PS (92 kW), 140 lb·ft (192 N·m/4000 rpm)- later rebadged G 230
  • 300 GE — M103 3.0 L I6 – later rebadged G 300, 168 hp (125 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 173 lb·ft (235 N·m/4500 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 94 hp (69 kW), 116 lb·ft (158 N·m/2600 rpm) (very few were produced)
  • 300 GD — OM603 3.0 L Diesel I6 – later rebadged G 300 Diesel, 111 hp (83 kW/4600 rpm), 141 lb·ft (191 N·m/2700–2900 rpm)
  • 350 GD Turbodiesel — OM603D35A 3.5 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 136 hp (100 kW), 244 lb·ft (330 N·m)- later rebadged G 350 Turbodiesel
  • 500 GE — M117 5.0 L V8, 236 hp (174 kW)
  • 500 GE 6.0 AMG — M117E60 6.0 L V8, 331 hp (243 kW)
  • G 300 - M102 3.0
  • G 320 — M104 3.2 L I6, 217 hp (161 kW), 229 lb·ft (310 N·m)
  • G 36 AMG — M104E36 3.6 L I6, 258 hp (190 kW), 273 lb·ft (370 N·m)
  • G 300 Turbodiesel — OM606D30LA 3.0 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 177 hp (130 kW/4400rpm), 244 lb·ft (330 N·m/1600-3600rpm)
  • G 320 — M112 3.2 L V6, 215 hp (158 kW), 221 lb·ft (300 N·m/2800-4800rpm)
  • G 500 — M113E50 5.0 L V8, 296 hp (218 kW), 336 lb·ft (456 Nm)
  • G 55 AMGM113E55 (2002–2004) — 32V 5.4 L V8, 354 hp (260 kW)
  • G 55 AMG (2005–2012) — M113E55ML 5.4 L 5439 cc V8 supercharged, 507 hp (373 kW), 514 lb·ft (700 N·m)
  • G 63 AMGV12 N/A, 444 hp (326 kW), (620 N·m/4400 rpm)
  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)
  • G 400 CDIOM628 4.0 L Diesel V8 (turbocharged), 250 hp (184 kW), 411 lb·ft (560 N·m)
  • G 320 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 224 hp (165 kW), 397 lb·ft (540 Nm)

Second generation (W463; 2018–present)

Mercedes-Benz G-Class (W463)
ProductionMay 2018 – present
AssemblyAustria: Graz (Magna Steyr)
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutF4 (4MATIC)
4.0 L M176 V8 twin-turbo
4.0 L M177 V8 twin-turbo
Transmission9G-Tronic, AMG SPEEDSHIFT TCT 9G
Wheelbase2,890 mm (113.8 in)
Length4,725 mm (186.0 in)
Width1,931 mm (76.0 in)
Height1,969 mm (77.5 in)
Curb weight2,354–2,485 kg (5,190–5,478 lb)

The second generation G-Class (W463) was launched on January 14, 2018 at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

In contrast to its predecessor, the new G-Class has grown in width by 121 millimeters, and 53 millimeters in length, and now has 6 millimeters more ground clearance.[85] Compared to its predecessor with the same engine, the weight savings are around 170 kilograms.[86] Despite all this, the vehicle visually differs from the W463 very little and the previous model code (W463) was retained.[87][88][89][90]

Due to the age of the basic concept of the previous model, the technical changes are significant. Among other things, the front axle now has independent suspension instead of a rigid axle; the rear axle remains solid. The low range gear ratio was shortened from 2.1: 1 to 2.9: 1. The new model now has the familiar digital cockpit from the S-class. At launch only the G500 (550 as US specs) will be offered.[91]

The New G-Class features a updated interior with dual 12 inch LCD display for the instrument cluster and infotainment system. Mercedes also added Apple Carplay and Android Auto as an option for the second generation G-Class as well. The G-class also received updated seats and upholstery with ambient lightning with up to 64 colors to choose from the infotainment system. The G-Class was also updated with a suite of safety features such as PRE-SAFE, ATTENTION ASSIST, Active Lane Keeping Assist, Active Brake Assist, and more of Mercedes line of safety system pioneered from the W222 S-Class that has never been featured in a G-class before. Other Options includes 360 degree surround sound, Frameless auto dimming rear view mirror and a upgraded Burmester surround sound system from the Harman Kardon sound system found in the previous G-Class W463.[92]

In terms of pricing, the new G 500 will go on sale in the USA at a starting price of $125,495 with the upgraded AMG G 63 starting at $144,695.


Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
G 500 2018– M176 DE40 LA
4.0 L V8 twin-turbo
310 kW (416 hp)
at 5,250–5,500 rpm
610 N⋅m (450 lb⋅ft)
at 2,250–4,750 rpm
5.9 s
AMG G 63 M177 DE40 LA
4.0 L V8 twin-turbo
430 kW (577 hp)
at 6,000 rpm
850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft)
at 2,500–3,500 rpm
4.5 s


Euro NCAP test results
Mercedes-Benz G-Class (2019)[93]
Test Points %
Adult occupant: 34.6 90%
Child occupant: 40.8 83%
Pedestrian: 37.5 78%
Safety assist: 9.4 72%


Mercedes-Benz G 500
Mercedes-Benz G 500
Mercedes-AMG G 63
Mercedes-AMG G 63

Military operators

Since 2010s, the Albanian Army is using G-Class vehicles.
Since 2010s, the Algerian Army, Gendarmerie Nationale and the Algerian police are using several models of G-Class vehicles 4x4 6x6 G500. Most of those vehicles are manufactured in Bouchekif factory Tiaret owned by the Algerian army.[1] First G-Class wagons released in 2015.[94][95]
Since the 1980s, the Argentine Army has used the MB-230G (short and long chassis) for different purposes. 900 remain in service.[96]
In October 2007, Mercedes-Benz became the preferred tenderer for the Australian Defence Force to replace the fleet of Land Rover Perentie in Project Land 121 Overlander.[97] Mercedes-Benz was the sole tenderer with neither Toyota for the Land Cruiser or Land Rover for the Defender submitting a proposal. In October 2008, an initial contract for 1200 vehicles was signed.[98] 2,268 vehicles were purchased with ten variants including 6x6.[99][100] Australia is the first military customer to receive 6×6 vehicles and these are the first six-wheel military vehicles built by Mercedes-Benz since 1941.[101]
The Austrian Army has been a long time user of various Puch G models.
The Belgian Police or "Gendarmerie-Rijkswacht" has been a long time user of first G500 models.
The Bulgarian Army operates 600+ vehicles in various configurations, most of them armed.
A total of 1,159 vehicles have been ordered by the Canadian Army beginning in late 2003.[102] An armoured kit can be fitted (or removed) in 8 hours by three soldiers. Their light armour has been criticised for leading to loss of life in Afghanistan, however it is considerably better than the Iltis predecessor.[103]
Delivery of these vehicles to Reserve units has also begun. They will be deployed in armoured reconnaissance units. It is in the final stages of fully replacing the Iltis in most units as the armoured reconnaissance vehicle in use LFCA. Other units will replace the Iltis with a militarized Chevrolet Silverado known as the MILCOTS (or colloquially as the "Milverado".) For the most exposed missions in Afghanistan 75 RG-31 Nyala built by BAE Land Systems OMC, South Africa, will be used.[104]
Croatia bought 300 to 320 vehicles for needs of Croatian army and for operations in Afghanistan additional 30 RG-31 vehicles were delivered. Croatia uses mix of 4×4 vehicles in peacekeeping operations and the G-Class is a very popular choice within the Croatian Army. G-Class is supplemented by Land Rover Wolf and Iveco LMV.
The Danish military bought the 240 GD (/24, /28 and /34 variants) to supersede the M151A1, the Volkswagen 181 ("Jagdwagen") and the Land Rover 88.[105] First deliveries of the 240 GD were in 1985 and later the 290 GD (/24 and /28 variants) were also introduced. More than 1,300 have been put in service. A few 300 GE's have also been used — mainly by the Danish army EOD-services.[106] Currently the Danes are taking delivery of over 2,000 270CDIs in several variants, starting in 2003.[107]
 East Timor
used by units of Army of the Timor Leste Defence Force.[citation needed]
The Egyptian Army uses the G 320 (4 × 4) armoured personnel carrier has been designed as a private venture by the Kader Factory for Developed Industries and is based on the chassis of the commercial German Mercedes-Benz MB 320G (4 × 4) light vehicle. This vehicle is based on the long-wheelbase version of the German Mercedes-Benz G 320 4 × 4 with the chassis frame being modified by a heavy-duty suspension which has been designed to withstand the additional weight imposed by the armour package.[108]
The Estonian Defence Forces have a small number of various G-Class vehicles, which were purchased to replace the outdated UAZ and Volkswagen Iltis vehicles.
The Finnish Army uses the Geländewagen mostly as armored vehicles and ambulances, but other versions are also in service.
The French Army has the Peugeot P4 which is a derivative from the G-Class equipped with Peugeot engine and equipment.
The German Armed Forces uses the G-Class under the name "Wolf". Over 12,000 vehicles have been delivered in over 50 versions, ranging from ambulance vehicles to armored vehicles used by the German special forces. In the 1970s the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis was preferred; now the Iltis is replaced by the "Wolf" and the armoured variant LAPV Enok.
The Greek Army as well as Air Force, Navy and Police have several versions (462) of the Geländewagen, manufactured by ELBO the Hellenic Vehicles Industry.[2]
The Hungarian Ground Forces have 233 of G-270 CDI BA 10, which is mounted with UMF light-machine gun platform, and 5 of G-280 CDI BA6 C+R SSA FB6. More will be purchased between 2010 and 2013.
Paspampres (Indonesian Presidential Security forces) are using G-270 CDI for their fleet with SIRINA lights, Gunner Roof Mount, Bullbar, Black Grill, Roof and Rear View Mirror Handles. New model of G300 CDI in 2010 acquired not less than 30 units for presidential and vice-presidential escort purposes. The Paspampres uses black G300 CDI with the Military Police in white and ensigns with Indonesian MP insignia.
The Kurdish Peshmerga has 60 "Wolf" including 20 lightly armored type to help fight off the ISIL forces.[109]
The Irish Army used a number of G-Wagens as ambulances.
The KSF use more than 200
The Latvian Land Forces and Latvian National Guards use different modifications of Geländewagen, including armored.
The Lithuanian Armed Forces operates approximately 200 formerly Dutch GD vehicles since delivery in 2016.[110]
The Military of Luxembourg uses the 300D variant of the Geländewagen.
Locally built by DEFTECH since 2001, the G-Wagon is used along with Land Rover Defender as light transport of Malaysian Army.[111] It uses the GD280 chassis.[112]
The Mexican naval defense secretary (SEMAR) announced in 2008, a contract to purchase large numbers of Mercedes-Benz military vehicles for the Mexican Marine corps. As of May 16, 2009 The SEMAR has received 20 of the 84 G-Class vehicles in order.[113][114]
The Ministry of Defense of Mongolia operates 10 G-class vehicles (Wolf) donated by the German Government in 2010.[115]
The Royal Netherlands Army uses various versions of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class, mostly 461 290GD and 290GD TD models with manual gearbox. The Dutch police and Koninklijke Marechaussee also use the G-Class. Most of the police versions are armored 463 models.
 North Korea
The Korean People's Army appears to have acquired G-class vehicles, some of which were seen on the Korean Worker's Party 65th anniversary military parade.[116] At the funeral of Kim Jong-il his hearse was flanked by G-Class vehicles.[117]
The Norwegian Army bought 240 GD to replace Volvo and Land Rover 4×4 vehicles in the mid-1980s, and 300 GD to use as ambulances. The 300GD is also used to transport the launch control station and optical sensors for the NASAMS Air-defense system. During the 90's 290 GD's where bought, and in the first half of the 00's a small number of armoured 270 CDI's were put into service. Today the Defence Forces operates a total of 3000 vehicles. The escort company of the Norwegian Royal Guard employs a black G500 AMG with police lights on the roof.
96 GD 290 and 25 MB290GD WD in service with Wojska Lądowe. 13 GD 290 in service with the Żandarmeria Wojskowa[118]
The Portuguese Military uses the G-class for light transport along with Toyota Landcruiser, UMM Alter and Land Rover Defender 90.[119]
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
The Serbian Military currently uses Puch 300GD model. They also uses the following models in 300GD33, 300GD6 and 300GD10 variants, for transport of VIP persons in 300GD3-LUX and 300GD6-LUX and Special Forces Brigade is use modified version designed for access to combat zone.
The Singapore Army bought the 270 and 290 versions as secondary military transport. It is used in soft-top truck configuration and is known as a 1.5-tonner or simply "MB" to its users. And also some were used also for patrolling in a "jeep" form. The Army also deploys the extremely short-wheelbase, soft-top version for its Colonels, Battalion COs, Brigade and Division Commanders as personal field transports.
The Military of Slovenia uses Mercedes-Benz G-Class vehicles mainly for transport.
The Armed Forces of Slovak republic uses Mercedes Benz G-280 CDI in 5th Special Forces Regiment.
The Swedish Army uses MB 290/T (1994)MB 290GD (2000)MB 270 CDI(2005) The GW is to be the main light terrain vehicle in the Swedish armed forces in the future. In 2011 a framework agreement was signed between FMV and Daimler AG. An initial contract for 105 300 CDI was signed.[120][121]
The Swiss Armed Forces uses the 230 with soft top as the primary general purpose carrier, and a hardtop version as mobile radio access point. It is in service since 1985 and gradually replaced Willys Jeeps, Haflinger light transports and Pinzgauer medium transports in the liaison and transport role. All versions in Swiss Army use are unarmed. From 2014, the Steyr Daimler Puch 230 GE is going to be gradually replaced by the Mercedes-Benz G 300 CDI 4x4 hardtop version, starting with a first series of 3200 vehicles.
 United Kingdom
The British Army used a number of these vehicles in Iraq during Operation Telic, particularly around the Baghdad and Rustamiyah areas. The British Commanders'-in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany (BRIXMIS) also used a small number. An Argentine Army G-Class captured by the British Army during the Falklands War was subsequently used by No. 18 Squadron RAF in West Germany for several years.[122]
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
 United States
The USMC Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV) is a modified version of the Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen 290. It replaces the modified M-151A2​14 ton truck jeep used by the Marines as an FAV in the 1990s. The U.S. Marine Corps acquired 157 of the IFAVs distributed as follows:
  • (I) Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Camp Pendleton, CA (33);
  • (II) MEF Camp Lejeune, NC (25);
  • (III) MEF on Okinawa, Japan (27);
  • (IV) 17 Force Recon, Afghanistan (22);
  • (V) 3 Force Recon Bn, Iraq (23);
  • (VI) 1st Provisional DMZ Police Company, Korea (15); and
  • (VII) various miscellaneous (12)

In the late 1990s the USMC acquired the G-Class model as the Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV), which was essentially a '97 to '01 DaimlerChrysler model 290 GDT, a diesel-power 2-door with a pick-up bed.[123] This was compact and light enough to be transported inside a Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion Helicopter.[123]

Body styles

Code Bodywork Wheelbase Notes
1 Convertible with fixed windshield 2400 Only civilian types: 460 and 463
2 Van 2400 Only 460/461 and military types
3 Station Wagon 2400 All types except Professional and Greenline military types
4 Van 2850 Only 460/461/Professional/Worker and military types
5 Pick-up 2850 Only 460/461 types and G63 6x6(w463)
6 Station Wagon 2850 All types
7 Convertible with folding windshield 2400 Only military types
8 Code unused N/A N/A
9 Chassis Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
9,1 Chassis Cab 3400 Only 460/461/Professional and military types
10 Convertible with folding windshield 2850 Only military types
11 Chassis Double Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
11,1 Chassis Double Cab 3400 Only 460/461 and military types
11,2 Chassis Double Cab 6×6 3400 Only Greenline military types


United States

The Mercedes-Benz G500 was officially launched in 2002 as the G500, and achieved 3114 sales that year.[124] This eventually tapered down to some sub-1000 sales years, but by the 2010s sales began to increase again surpassing 3000 in 2014 and in 2015 it sold more than in its launch year, 3616.[124] In 2005, then Mercedes-AMG Chairman said that one third of all G-Class vehicles sold to civilians are the G55 AMG model. The largest markets for G 55s were California, United States (in black and silver color mostly), and the United Arab Emirates with Dubai (in white color mostly) [125] For 2017 the Mercedes-Benz G500 4×4² is announced for introduction to the U.S. market as the G550 4x4^2 as a 2017 model.[126]

It was not available from Mercedes-Benz in the United States until 2002, although this was preceded by a grey-market where even basic models commanded six-figure prices in the 1990s. It was launched in 2002 as the Mercedes-Benz G500 with a V-8 petrol engine and achieved 3,114 sales that year.[124] This eventually tapered down to fewer than 1,000 models sold in some years. However, in the 2010s, sales began to increase again surpassing the 3,000 mark in 2014 and in 2015, it sold more than during its launch year; with 3,616 sold that year.[124] In 2016 this increased to 3950 in the United States.[124][127] Canada saw a similar increase; although a smaller market compared to the United States, it saw sales increase from 127 in 2012 to over 400 in 2016.[124]

US sales figures[128]

  • 2018: 3.970
  • 2017: 4.188
  • 2016: 3.950
  • 2015: 3.616
  • 2014: 3.090
  • 2013: 2.494
  • 2012: 1.330
  • 2011: 1.191
  • 2010: 919
  • 2009: 662
  • 2008: 931
  • 2007: 1.152
  • 2006: 587
  • 2005: 1.334
  • 2004: 1.491
  • 2003: 1.980
  • 2002: 3.114
  • 2001: 674


In 1983 a specially modified 280 GE won the Paris–Dakar Rally driven by Jacky Ickx and Claude Brasseur.[129]

See also

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mercedes-Benz G-Class", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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