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Ryzen (3539 views - Electronics & PCB)

Ryzen ( RYE-zen) is a brand of central processing units (CPUs) and accelerated processing units (APUs) marketed and designed by AMD. The brand was introduced in 2017 with products implementing the Zen microarchitecture for the CPU, and the first Ryzen-branded products were officially announced during AMD's New Horizon summit on December 13, 2016.
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Ryzen

Ryzen

AMD Ryzen
AMD Ryzen 7 1800X
Produced From February 2017 to present
Marketed by AMD
Designed by AMD
Common manufacturer(s)
Max. CPU clock rate 3.0 GHz to 4.2 GHz
Min. feature size 14 nm
Instruction set AMD64/x86-64, MMX(+), SSE1, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4a, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AES, CLMUL, AVX, AVX2, FMA3, CVT16/F16C, ABM, BMI1, BMI2, SHA
Microarchitecture Zen (microarchitecture)
Cores up to 16 cores/32 threads
Transistors 4.8 billion (8 cores)[1]
Socket(s)
Predecessor AMD FX
Product code name(s)
  • Summit Ridge
  • Whitehaven
  • Raven Ridge

Ryzen (/ˈrzɛn/ RYE-zen)[2] is a brand[3] of central processing units (CPUs) and accelerated processing units (APUs) marketed and designed by AMD.

The brand was introduced in 2017 with products implementing the Zen microarchitecture for the CPU, and the first Ryzen-branded products were officially announced during AMD's New Horizon summit on December 13, 2016.[4]

Product lineup

Zen microarchitecture

History

In the five years before the release of Ryzen, AMD's direct competitor in the x86-64 consumer-level CPU marketspace, Intel, had continued to grow its market share with the tick-tock cycle of their Intel Core series of chips.[5] Since the release of the Bulldozer microarchitecture in 2011 AMD had fallen behind Intel significantly in both single-core and multi-core CPU performance benchmarks.[citation needed] While AMD had completed a die shrink and revision of the Bulldozer architecture, performance and sales had fallen significantly against competing Intel products.[citation needed] Ryzen is the first consumer-level implementation of the new Zen microarchitecture.[citation needed] Ryzen CPUs offered stronger multi-threaded performance and weaker single-threaded performance relative to comparable Intel CPUs.[citation needed] The Ryzen CPUs returned AMD to the high-end desktop CPU market, offering performance able to compete with Intel's Core i7 series of CPUs.[6] Since the release of Ryzen CPUs, AMD's CPU market share has increased.[5]

Summit Ridge / Whitehaven

  • All models except Threadripper (which use Socket TR4) require AMD Socket AM4.[7][8]
  • All models support DDR4-2666 ×2 Single Rank, DDR4-2400 ×2 Dual Rank, DDR4-2133 ×4 Single Rank, or DDR4-1866 ×4 Dual Rank. (With compatible DIMM quantities doubled on Threadripper due to its dual IMCs, and thus quad-channel memory support).[7][9]
  • All models support: x87, MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AES, CLMUL, AVX, AVX2, FMA, CVT16/F16C, ABM, BMI1, BMI2, SHA.[10]
  • Transistors: 4.8 billion per 8-core "Zeppelin" die[1]
  • Die size: 192 mm2[11]
  • Stepping: B1[12]
  • Ryzen CPUs feature unlocked multipliers across the board for overclocking. All Ryzen products support auto-overclocking, dubbed "XFR" (eXtended Frequency Range), with X branded Ryzen products giving twice the XFR boost as non-X branded Ryzen products (100 MHz overclock vs 50 MHz overclock),[13] although AMD does not list non-X branded Ryzen CPUs as having support for XFR. Also of note is that these values are doubled on Threadripper CPUs; with X models having 200MHz rather than the usual 100MHz of XFR boost.[14]
  • AMD officially revealed their codename "Summit Ridge" Ryzen CPUs on February 22, 2017.[15] Ryzen CPUs differ from Zen-powered APUs (an APU is AMD's term for a CPU and GPU on a single chip) in that they exclude an integrated GPU and instead rely on an external, dedicated one.
  • Ryzen is launching in conjunction with a line of stock coolers, the "Wraith Spire", "Wraith Stealth" and "Wraith Max". This line succeeds the original "Wraith" cooler, which was positively received when released in mid-2016.[16] The "Wraith Stealth" and "Wraith Spire" are included with certain Ryzen CPUs; the "Stealth" is a low-profile unit meant for the lower-end CPUs and is rated for a TDP of 65W, whereas the "Spire" is the mainstream cooler with a TDP rating of 95W and modest headroom for overclocking, along with optional RGB lighting on certain models. The "Wraith Max" is a larger, aftermarket unit intended to handle more intensive overclocks than the "Spire".
  • All models support AMD's SenseMI Technology, which uses AMD Infinity Control Fabric to offer the following features.[7][17][18]
    • AMD Pure Power reduces the entire ramp of processor voltage and clock speed, for light loads.
    • AMD Precision Boost increases the processor voltage and clock speed while the number of active cores <= 2, (4 on Threadripper).
    • AMD XFR (eXtended Frequency Range) increases the processor voltage and clock speed beyond the maximum Precision Boost, when sufficient cooling is available.[19]
    • Neural Net Prediction and Smart Prefetch use true[further explanation needed] AI inside the processor to optimize instruction workflow and cache management.
Target
segment
Cores
(threads)
Processor
Branding & Model
Clock rate (GHz) Cache[a] TDP Socket Memory
support
PCIe Lanes[b] Release
date
Release
price (USD)
Base Boost XFR L2 L3
High-End (HEDT) 16 (32) Ryzen
Threadripper [22][23]
1950X[24][25] 3.4 4.0 4.2 512 KB
per core [25][26][27]
32 MB [25][26][27] 180 W TR4[28] DDR4-2666
Quad-channel[28][29]
64[30] Aug 10, 2017[31][32] $999
12 (24) 1920X[24][25] 3.5 $799
8 (16)[32] 1900X[25][31][32] 3.8[32] 16 MB[25] Aug 31, 2017[32] $549
Performance 8 (16) Ryzen 7 1800X 3.6 4.0 4.1 512 KB
per core
16 MB 95 W AM4 DDR4-2666
Dual-channel
24[33] Mar 2, 2017 $499
1700X 3.4 3.8[34] 3.9 $399
Pro 1700X[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
1700 3.0 3.7 3.75 65 W Mar 2, 2017 $329
Pro 1700[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
Mainstream 6 (12) Ryzen 5 1600X 3.6 4.0 4.1 512 KB
per core
16 MB 95 W AM4 DDR4-2666
Dual-channel
24 Apr 11, 2017 $249
1600 3.2 3.6 3.7 65 W $219
Pro 1600[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
4 (8) 1500X 3.5 3.7 3.9 Apr 11, 2017 $189
Pro 1500[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
1400 3.2 3.4 3.45 8 MB Apr 11, 2017 $169
Entry-Level 4 (4)[36] Ryzen 3 1300X[37][38] 3.5 3.7 3.9[39] 512 KB
per core
8 MB 65 W [36] AM4 DDR4-2666
Dual-channel
24 Jul 27, 2017 $129
Pro 1300[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
1200[37][38][40] 3.1 3.4 3.45[39] Jul 27, 2017 $109
Pro 1200[35] TBA Jun 29, 2017 TBA
  1. ^ AMD defines 1 kilobyte (KB) as 1024 bytes, and 1 megabyte (MB) as 1024 kilobytes.[20]
  2. ^ PCIe lane count includes 4 lanes used for connectivity to the chipset.[21]

Raven Ridge

AMD's CEO, Lisa Su, confirmed during a March 2017 Reddit AMA on /r/AMD that Zen-based APUs would also be branded Ryzen.[41] Traditionally, AMD's APUs were branded separately from their CPUs. The branding was later clarified as Ryzen Mobile and AMD stated the products would have higher CPU and GPU performance, and lower power, than the previous generation of APUs.[42]

In May 2017, AMD demonstrated a Ryzen Mobile APU with four Zen CPU cores and Vega based GPU.[43]

The first Ryzen Mobile APUs were officially released in October 2017.[44]

In January 2018, AMD also announced two desktop processors with an integrated Vega GPU under the Raven Ridge codename, to be released in February.[45]

Target
segment
APU Branding & Model CPU GPU TDP Memory
support
Release
date
Cores
(threads)
Clock rate (GHz) Cache[a] Model Cores Config[b] Clock Processing power (GFLOPS)[c][d]
Base Boost XFR L2 L3
Ultrathin[47] Ryzen 7 2700U[44] 4 (8) 2.2 3.8 Unknown 2 MB 4 MB Vega 10 10 640:40:? 1300 1664 15 W (configurable 12–25 W)[48][49] DDR4-2400 (Dual channel)[48][49] 26 October 2017[48][49]
Ryzen 7 Pro[50] 2.2 3.6 Unknown Vega 10 10 640:40:? Unknown Unknown 8 January 2018
Ryzen 5 2500U[44] 2.0 3.6[51] Unknown Vega 8 8 512:32:? 1100 1126.4 26 October 2017[48][49]
Ryzen 5 Pro[50] 2.0 3.6 Unknown Vega 8 8 512:32:? Unknown Unknown 8 January 2018
Ryzen 3 2300U[52] 4 (4) 2.0 3.4 Unknown Vega 6 6 384:24:? Unknown Unknown 8 January 2018
Ryzen 3 Pro[50] 2.0 3.4 Unknown Vega 6 6 384:24:? Unknown Unknown 8 January 2018
Ryzen 3 2200U[52] 2 (4) 2.5 3.4 Unknown 1 MB 2 MB Vega 3 3 192:12:? Unknown Unknown 8 January 2018
Desktop Ryzen 5 2400G[53] 4 (8) 3.6 3.9 Unknown Unknown Unknown Vega 11 11 Unknown 1250 Unknown 65 W (configurable 45–65 W) DDR4-2933 (Dual channel)[53][54] 12 February 2018[55][56]
Ryzen 3 2200G[54] 4 (4) 3.5 3.7 Unknown Unknown Unknown Vega 8 8 Unknown 1100 Unknown
  1. ^ AMD defines 1 kilobyte (KB) as 1024 bytes, and 1 megabyte (MB) as 1024 kilobytes.[20]
  2. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units
  3. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  4. ^ Single precision

Compatibility

Although AMD "verified" the ability for computers with Ryzen processors to boot Windows 7 and Windows 10, Microsoft officially supports Ryzen only on computers running Windows 10 per support policies. Windows Update blocks updates from being installed on Ryzen systems running versions older than Windows 10 – although that restriction can be avoided either by not installing its respective update, or be bypassed entirely with an unofficial patch.[57] And while AMD initially stated they would only provide Ryzen chipset drivers for Windows 10,[58] AMD's Ryzen / Threadripper chipset driver package does list and include official drivers for Windows 7.[59] Ryzen processors are compatible with Linux; the full performance of Ryzen is enabled in kernel version 4.10 or newer.[60]

Initial reception

The first Ryzen 7 1700, 1700X, and 1800X processors debuted in early March 2017, and were generally well received by hardware reviewers.[61][62][63] Ryzen was the first brand new architecture from AMD in five years, and without very much initial fine-tuning or optimization, it ran generally well for reviewers.[64] Initial Ryzen chips ran well with software and games already on the market, performing exceptionally well in workstation scenarios, and well in most gaming scenarios. Compared to Piledriver-powered FX chips, Zen-powered Ryzen chips ran cooler, much faster, and used less power. IPC uplift was eventually gauged to be 52% higher than Excavator, which was two full generations ahead of the architecture still being used in AMD's FX-series desktop predecessors like the FX-8350 and FX-8370.[1] Power consumption and heat were found to be highly competitive with Intel, and the included Wraith coolers were generally competitive with higher-priced aftermarket solutions.

Ryzen's multi-threaded performance, in some cases while using Blender or other open-source software, was around four times the performance of the FX-8370.[65] One reviewer found that Ryzen chips would typically outperform competing Intel i7 processors for a fraction of the price when all eight cores were utilized.[65]

One complaint among a subset of reviewers, however, was that Ryzen processors fell behind their Intel counterparts when running older games, or running certain newer games at mainstream resolutions such as 720p or 1080p.[66] AMD acknowledged the gaming performance deficit at low resolutions during a Reddit "Ask Me Anything Q & A thread", where they explained that updates and patches were being developed.[67] Subsequent updates to Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation and Rise of the Tomb Raider increased frame rates 17–31% on Ryzen systems.[68][69] id Software announced in April 2017 it would optimize its future games to make use of the greater parallelism available on Ryzen CPUs.[70]

It has been suggested that low core utilization resulted in Ryzen processors being underutilized, therefore reflecting lower than expected scores, especially when coupled with the fact that Zen's slightly lower IPC relies on full core utilization.[71][72][73] However, AMD and others have argued thread scheduling is not the fundamental issue to Windows 10 performance.[74][75] There were also issues with AM4 motherboards and their BIOS, which was resulting in many Ryzen chips being underclocked, partially shut off, or generally hindered by BIOS bugs.[citation needed]

Known issues

Ryzen faced hard system locks when an application executes certain sequences of FMA3 instructions.[76] AMD stated in mid-March 2017 that the issue would be fixed via new microcode included in UEFI updates from motherboard manufacturers.[citation needed]

Some early Ryzen processors produce segmentation faults on certain workloads on Linux.[77] AMD has offered to replace the affected processors with newer ones that are not affected by the problem.[78]

See also



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ryzen", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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