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Suzuki Motor Corporation (Japanese: スズキ株式会社, Hepburn: Suzuki Kabushiki-Kaisha) is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan, which specializes in manufacturing automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines. In 2014, Suzuki was thought to be the ninth biggest automaker by production worldwide. Suzuki has over 45,000 employees worldwide and has about 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries. The worldwide sales volume of automobile is the world's tenth largest, while domestic sales volume is the third largest in the country. In addition, motorcycles rank as the third largest in the domestic sales volume.
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Suzuki

Suzuki

Suzuki Motor Corporation
Native name
スズキ株式会社
Suzuki Kabushiki-Kaisha
Public (K.K.)
Traded as TYO: 7269
Industry Automotive
Founded 1909; 108 years ago (1909) (as Suzuki Loom Works)
Founder Michio Suzuki and Ash Duttam
Headquarters Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Osamu Suzuki
(Chairman)
Yasuhito Harayama
(Vice Chairman)
Toshihiro Suzuki
(President)
Products Automobiles, engines, motorcycles, ATVs, outboard motors
Production output
2,878,000 automobiles (FY2012)[1]
2,269,000 Motorcycles and ATVs (FY2012)[1]
Revenue ¥2,578.3 billion (FY2012)[2]
(US$26.27 billion)
Profit ¥80.4 billion (FY2012)[2]
(US$819 million)
Total assets ¥2,487.6 billion (FY2012)[2]
(US$25.34 billion)
Subsidiaries
Website www.globalsuzuki.com

Suzuki Motor Corporation (Japanese: スズキ株式会社, Hepburn: Suzuki Kabushiki-Kaisha)[3] is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan,[4] which specializes in manufacturing automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines. In 2014, Suzuki was thought to be the ninth biggest automaker by production worldwide.[5] Suzuki has over 45,000 employees worldwide and has about 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries. The worldwide sales volume of automobile is[6] the world's tenth largest, while domestic sales volume is[7] the third largest in the country. In addition, motorcycles rank as the third largest in the domestic sales volume. [8]

History

In 1909, Michio Suzuki (1887–1982) founded the Suzuki Loom Works in the small seacoast village of Hamamatsu, Japan. Business boomed as Suzuki built weaving looms for Japan's giant silk industry.[9] In 1929, Michio Suzuki invented a new type of weaving machine, which was exported overseas. The company's first 30 years focused on the development and production of these machines.[citation needed]

Despite the success of his looms, Suzuki believed that his company would benefit from diversification and he began to look at other products. Based on consumer demand, he decided that building a small car would be the most practical new venture. The project began in 1937, and within two years Suzuki had completed several compact prototype cars. These first Suzuki motor vehicles were powered by a then-innovative, liquid-cooled, four-stroke, four-cylinder engine. It had a cast aluminum crankcase and gearbox and generated 13 horsepower (9.7 kW) from a displacement of less than 800cc.[citation needed]

With the onset of World War II, production plans for Suzuki's new vehicles were halted when the government declared civilian passenger cars a "non-essential commodity." At the conclusion of the war, Suzuki went back to producing looms. Loom production was given a boost when the U.S. government approved the shipping of cotton to Japan. Suzuki's fortunes brightened as orders began to increase from domestic textile manufacturers. But the joy was short-lived as the cotton market collapsed in 1951.[citation needed]

Faced with this colossal challenge, Suzuki returned to the production of motor vehicles. After the war, the Japanese had a great need for affordable, reliable personal transportation. A number of firms began offering "clip-on" gas-powered engines that could be attached to the typical bicycle. Suzuki's first two-wheeled vehicle was a bicycle fitted with a motor called, the "Power Free." Designed to be inexpensive and simple to build and maintain, the 1952 Power Free had a 36 cc, one horsepower, two-stroke engine.[10] The new double-sprocket gear system enabled the rider to either pedal with the engine assisting, pedal without engine assist, or simply disconnect the pedals and run on engine power alone.[citation needed] The patent office of the new democratic government granted Suzuki a financial subsidy to continue research in motorcycle engineering.

By 1954, Suzuki was producing 6,000 motorcycles per month and had officially changed its name to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. Following the success of its first motorcycles, Suzuki created an even more successful automobile: the 1955 Suzuki Suzulight. The Suzulight sold with front-wheel drive, four-wheel independent suspension and rack-and-pinion steering, which were not common on cars until three decades later.[citation needed]

Volkswagen held a 19.9% non-controlling shareholding in Suzuki between 2009 and 2015. An international arbitration court ordered Volkswagen to sell the stake back to Suzuki.[11] Suzuki paid $3.8bn to complete the stock buy-back in September 2015.[12]

Leadership

The company was founded by Michio Suzuki; its current Chairman is Osamu Suzuki,[13] the fourth adopted son-in-law in a row to run the company,[14]

Timeline

The Suzuki Loom Company started in 1909 as a manufacturer of looms for weaving silk and cotton. Michio Suzuki was intent on making better, more user-friendly looms and, for 30 years his focus was on the development of these machines. Michio's desire to diversify into automotive products was interrupted by World War II.[15] Before it began building four-stroke engines, Suzuki Motor Corp. was known for its two-stroke engines (for motorcycles and autos).[16] After the war, Suzuki made a two-stroke motorized bicycle, but eventually the company would be known for Hayabusa and GSX-R motorcycles, for the QuadRunner, and for dominating racetracks around the world. Even after producing its first car in 1955 the company didn't have an automobile division until 1961.[17] Today Suzuki is among the world's largest automakers, and a major brand name in important markets, including Japan and India, but no longer sells cars in North America.[18]

1909–1959

  • 1909: Michio Suzuki founds Suzuki Loom Works founded in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.[19]
  • 1920: incorporated, and capitalized at ¥500,000 as Suzuki Loom Manufacturing Co. with Michio Suzuki as president.[19]
  • 1937: Suzuki begins a project to diversify into manufacturing small cars. Within two years several innovative prototypes are completed, but the government declares civilian passenger cars a "non-essential commodity" at the onset of World War II, thwarting production plans.[15]
  • 1940: Takatsuka Plant is built in Kami-mura, Hamana-gun, Shizuoka, Japan.[4][19]
  • 1945: Plants close due to severe war damage. Company offices move to the Takatsuka Plant site.[19]
  • 1947: Head office moves to the present address.[4][19]
  • 1949: Company lists on the Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya Stock Exchanges.[19]
  • 1950: Company has financial crisis due to labor difficulties.[19]
  • 1952: "Power Free" motorized bicycle marketed.[10][17]
  • 1953: Introduction of Diamond Free 60cc, 2-cycle motorized bicycle, displacement subsequently increases to 70cc.[20]
  • 1954: Company name changed to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd.[19]
  • 1955: Introduction of Colleda COX 125cc 4-stroke single-cylinder,[20] and Colleda ST 125cc, two-stroke single-cylinder motorcycles.
    • Suzulight (360cc, two-stroke) front wheel drive car introduced at the start of Japan's minivehicle age.[21]
  • 1957: Michio Suzuki designated as adviser, and his son Shunzo Suzuki appointed as company president.[19][22]
  • 1958: S mark adopted as corporate emblem.[19]
  • 1959: Launch of Colleda Sel Twin (2-cylinder) 125cc, two-stroke motorcycle with electric starter.
    • Introduction of all-new Suzulight TL 360cc light commercial, two-stroke minivehicle.[19]
    • September 26, Typhoon Vera (Ise-Wan) destroys Suzuki's assembly plant.[23]

1960–1969

  • 1960: In March Suzuki's new modern assembly line plant is finished.[23]
    • Suzuki enter a motorcycle race team into Grands Prix under the manufacturing name Colleda with riders Toshio Matsumoto, Michio Ichino and Ray Fay, placing 15th, 16th, and 18th in Isle of Man TT races.[24]
  • 1961: Separation of the loom machine division from the motor company, as Suzuki Loom Manufacturing Co.[19]
    • Suzuki enter race motorcycles of RT61 125 cc and RV61 250 cc into Grands Prix under the Suzuki name[25] with two riders from the team of Mitsuo Itoh, Michio Ichino, Sadao Masuda, Toshio Matsumoto, Paddy Driver, Hugh Anderson and Alastair King placing 10th and 12th in 250 cc Isle of Man TT races.[26][27]
    • Production of the Suzulight Carry 360cc, two-stroke lightweight truck begins at new plant in Toyokawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.[19][28]
  • 1962: First victory in the inaugural season of 50 cc Grand Prix motorcycle racing comes at the end of a three-way battle between Suzuki, Honda and Kreidler at the Isle of Man TT. The winning RM62 machine was ridden by Ernst Degner who had defected from the East German MZ team to Suzuki the previous year.[29][30]
  • 1963: Mitsuo Itoh makes history as the first Japanese rider to win the Isle of Man TT, when he takes the lead on the last lap of the 50cc race after Suzuki teammate Degner breaks down. Suzuki wins both the rider's and manufacturer's championships, in both 50cc and 125cc classes, for this season of World Grand Prix motorcycle racing.[29][31]
    • Subsidiary company opens in Los Angeles, to enter the American motorcycle market, as U.S. Suzuki Motor Corp.[32]
  • 1965: Enters outboard motor market with the launch of D55 5.5 hp, two-stroke engine.[19]
    • Introduction of Fronte 800 two-stroke subcompact passenger vehicle.[33]
    • T20 motorcycle introduced as "the fastest 250cc motorcycle in the world", aimed at the US market but gets worldwide attention.[34]
  • 1967: Thailand gets the first motorcycle assembly plant outside Japan, creating Thai Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd.[19]
  • 1968: After a winning 1967 season, the Suzuki motorcycle race team withdraws from World Grand Prix due to changes in FIM rules. Hans-Georg Anscheidt rides a 1967 machine in 1968 as a privateer, for the seventh season of Suzuki GP championships.[29]
    • Introduction of Carry Van 360cc, two-stroke minivan with a full cab over design.[19]
    • Launch of T500 motorcycle with an air-cooled parallel-twin 500cc engine, the largest displacement of any two-stroke at the time.[34]
  • 1969: Motorcycle plant built in Oyabe, Toyama, Japan.[19]

1970–1979

  • 1970: Foundry is built in Ogasa, Shizuoka, Japan; automobile plant is built in Kosai, Shizuoka.[36][37]
    • Frank Whiteway easily wins the 500cc class at the Isle of Man TT race on a production T500 motorcycle prepared by Eddie Crooks.[38]
    • LJ10, the first mass-production 4x4 domestic mini-car, becomes available in Japan, powered by a 360cc twin cylinder air-cooled two-stroke engine.[39][40]
  • 1971: Production plant for medium to large motorcycles is built in Toyokawa, Aichi, Japan.[28][37]
  • 1972: Suzuki Parts Manufacturing Company, Ltd., is established in Akita Prefecture, Japan.[37]
    • The Hustler 400 (TS400) motorcycle released as a street version of the TM400.[42]
  • 1973: Jitsujiro Suzuki appointed as president, and Shunzo Suzuki appointed as chairman.
    • Canadian subsidiary set up in Downsview, as Suzuki Canada Ltd., to supply machines and parts to motorcycle dealers in Canada.[22]
  • 1974: Indonesian subsidiary established in Jakarta as P.T. Suzuki Indonesia Manufacturing.[37]
    • Company enters into medical equipment field with launch of the Suzuki Motor Chair Z600 motorized wheelchair.[37]
    • Expansion into the housing field initiated with Suzuki Home marketing two models of prefab "Mini-House" and three types of storage sheds.[37]
    • RE5 introduced as the first Japanese (production) motorcycle with a rotary engine in the world.[44]
  • 1975: Delays in compliance with car emission regulations cause severe difficulties for the company.[37]
    • Philippine distributor Rufino D. Antonio and Associates institute a joint venture with Suzuki (Japan) under the name of Antonio Suzuki Corporation, to expand motorcycle sales in the Philippines.[45]
    • LJ50 (Jimny) 4x4 released in Australia with a more powerful, export-only, 550 cc liquid-cooled two-stroke straight-three engine.[40][46]
    • RM125 introduced as a production version of the works machine RA75 on which Gaston Rahier won the 125cc World Motocross GP championship. From 1975 to 1984, Suzuki dominates this class 10 years in a row with Gaston Rahier, Akira Watanabe, Harry Everts, Eric Geboers and Michele Rinaldi.[42]
    • Assembly outside Japan commences for the first time, in Pakistan.[47] Assembly kits of the ST90 Carry and LJ80 (Jimny) are shipped, both with 800 cc engines.[48] Production and sales were done by two local entities (Sind Engineering and Naya Dauer Motor) under the auspices of PACO (Pakistan Automobile Corporation).[47][48]
  • 1976: GS Series motorcycles released, the GS750 and GS400 are the first four-stroke machines from Suzuki in 20 years.[42]
  • 1977: Debut of Cervo two-stroke minivehicle for domestic market, export version introduced the next year with four-stroke engine.[37]
    • Last of the LJ utility 4x4 series, the LJ80, gets a new four-cylinder water-cooled 800cc four-stroke engine, and is exported to Australia and Europe the following year.[40][50]
  • 1978: Appointment of Osamu Suzuki as president, Jitsujiro Suzuki appointed as chairman.[37]
  • 1979: Alto two-stroke minivehicle introduced.[37] This car was a massive success, propelling Suzuki into seventh place amongst Japanese car and truck manufacturers, and helped the company's bargaining position when later linking up with Isuzu and General Motors.[51]

1980–1989

  • 1983: Jitsujiro Suzuki steps down from the chairmanship.[53]
  • 1984: Suzuki New Zealand Ltd. established in Wanganui, New Zealand. Suzuki France S.A. is established in Trappes, France. Suzuki Motor GmbH Deutschland is established in Heppenheim, Germany.[53]
    • Suzuki starts exporting 1-liter Cultus to U.S. automaker General Motors Corp.[68]
    • An upgraded SJ 4x4, with a 1.3-liter four-cylinder engine and a five-speed gearbox, is released. The SJ413 is sold in the U.S. market (as the Samurai) the following year, and ultimately in over 100 countries.[69][70][71]
    • Suzuki signs a car production technical assistance contract with China National Aero-Technology Import & Export Corporation.[53]
    • Introduction of the GSX-R750 motorcycle with an oil-cooled 4-cylinder DOHC engine.[72]
  • 1985: Aggregate sales of Alto in Japan reach 1 million units.[73]
  • 1986: American Suzuki Motor Corp. is established in Brea, California, to consolidate operations in USA.[53]
    • Suzuki reaches an agreement with General Motors Corp. of Canada for cooperation in establishment of a joint venture company.[77]

1990–1999

  • 1990: Company changes its name to Suzuki Motor Corporation.[83]
    • Kei car standards are upgraded. New mini-vehicles are released under the latest specifications: engine capacity raised to 660cc; overall length extended to 10.8 feet (3.3 m).[84]
  • 1991: Consolidated sales reach ¥1 trillion.[83]
    • Suzuki signs a car production contract in Hungary, establishing Magyar Suzuki Corporation.[82][85]
    • Production of Suzuki cars begins in Korea through a technical tie-up with Daewoo Shipbuilding and Heavy Machinery Ltd.[86]
    • Cappuccino mini two-seater convertible debuts.[87]
  • 1992: Production of Suzuki cars begins at the new plant of Pak Suzuki Motors in Karachi, Pakistan.[83]
    • Production and sales of Hungarian-built Suzuki cars begin.[82]
    • Suzuki becomes a 50% partner in Maruti Udyog.[88]
  • 1993: Aggregate (i.e., sum-total) motorcycle production at Thai Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. reaches 2 million units.[83]
  • 1994: Aggregate sales of Suzuki cars in Japan reach 10 million units.[83]
    • Maruti Udyog of India aggregate car production reach 1 million units.[93]
    • Suzuki and Isuzu Motors Ltd. agree to dissolve their business tie-up.[83]
  • 1995: Aggregate sales of Suzuki minivehicles in Japan reach 10 million units, aggregate motorcycle exports rom Japan reached 20 million units.[83]
    • Suzuki pulls out of its capital tie-up with Santana S.A. in Spain but continues car-related technical cooperation.[83][94]
  • 1996: Aggregate sales of Carry in Japan reach 3 million units.[83]
  • 1997: Achieved 10 million cumulative automobile sales for overseas market.[83]
  • 1998: Suzuki and General Motors Corporation agree on joint development of compact vehicles, both companies agree to strengthen their business tie-up and form a strategic alliance. GM changes its equity stake in Suzuki from 3.3% to 10%.[103]
  • 1999: Aggregate motorcycle production reaches 40 million units, aggregate sales of Wagon R in Japan reach 1 million units.[83]
    • Jiangxi Changhe Suzuki Automobile Co., Ltd. receives official approval from the Chinese government for production of commercial vehicles.[83]
    • General Motors Argentina, S.A. and Suzuki Motor Corporation form an industrial and commercial alliance by which General Motors in Argentina distributes all Suzuki automotive products.[114]

2000–2009

2010–2013

  • 2010: Aggregate sales of Suzuki cars in Japan reach 20 million units.[155]
    • January: Volkswagen Group completes its purchase of 19.9% of Suzuki's outstanding shares.[156]
    • Its plant in Yangon, Burma, was closed after the joint venture with the government between 1998 and 2010 had expired.[106]
  • 2011: Suzuki announces Indonesia will become a regional production base with investment up to $800 million over the next few years.[157]
  • 2012: Aggregate domestic sales in India by Maruti Suzuki reaches 10 million units. Aggregate domestic sales of minivehicles in Japan reaches 20 million units.[162]
    • January: Suzuki announces plans to build a new engine factory as the third factory in Indonesia for the fast-growing Southeast Asian market. Suzuki spent ¥10 billion ($130 million) for a 1.3 million square-metre site in an industrial park outside Jakarta, and the plant may cost ¥30 billion to build.[163]
    • February: Suzuki Motor Corp. and Intelligent Energy of Loughborough in the UK, a manufacturer of hydrogen-powered fuel cells, announce a joint venture to accelerate the commercialisation of zero-emission vehicles.[164][165]
    • March: Suzuki Motor Thailand starts production and sales of the new Swift compact car.[166]
    • November: American Suzuki Motor Corp. files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Owing to its focus on small cars, a strong yen and stringent US safety regulations which have hurt growth, Suzuki Motors announces it will discontinue building autos for the US market and focus instead on motorcycles, ATVs and marine equipment.[167][168] U.S. sales had peaked in 2007 but had dropped to a quarter of that by 2011.[110][169][170]
    • Suzuki got the approval for setting up a new factory and revive its plant in Yangon. This will resume its vehicle and spare part production in Myanmar which was closed in 2012.[106]
    • One-Millionth commemorative edition GSX-R1000 model celebrates a million motorcycles produced in the Suzuki GSX-R series since 1985.[171]
  • 2013:
    • 50th anniversary Special Edition GSX-R1000 model celebrates Suzuki's 1963 entry into the U.S. motorcycle market.[172]
    • March: In spite of a 2012 statement to the contrary,[173] Suzuki Canada Inc. announced it would discontinue its auto-building operations in Canada as part of its Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings in the U.S. It was contemplated that the sale of motorcycles, ATVs and marine equipment would continue in Canada as well as in the U.S.[174]
    • July: News reports suggested that disaccord over the erstwhile alliance between Volkswagen and Suzuki might be settled as a result of renewed talks between the two companies.[178] These reports were soon denied by Executive Vice President Toshihiro Suzuki, who said that "there have been various reports, but there absolutely are no such facts, so there is nothing I can talk about on this topic."[179]
    • October: Suzuki recalls 210,228 motorcycles in the U.S. because the front brakes might not work properly.[180][181]

Subsidiaries

Maruti Suzuki India Limited (Formerly Maruti Udyog Limited)

Maruti Suzuki's A-Star vehicle during its unveiling in Pragati Maidan, Delhi. A-Star, Suzuki's fifth global car model, was designed and is made only in India.[182] Besides being the largest Suzuki-branded company in terms of car sales, Maruti Suzuki also acts as Suzuki's leading research and development arm outside Japan
Maruti Swift in India.

Based in Gurgaon, Harayana, Maruti Suzuki India Limited is an Indian automobile manufacturer that is a subsidiary of Japanese automaker Suzuki Motor Corporation.[183] Maruti Suzuki produced 1,133,695 units between 1 April 2011 and 30 March 2012.[184] The Suzuki Motor Corporation owns 54.2% of Maruti Suzuki and the rest is owned by various Indian public and financial institutions. The company was incorporated in 1981 and is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange of India.[185]

Maruti Suzuki was born as a Government of India-led company named Maruti Udyog Limited, with Suzuki as a minor partner, to make lower priced cars for middle class Indians. Over the years, the product range has widened and ownership has changed hands as the customer has evolved.

Maruti Suzuki offers models ranging from the Maruti 800 to the premium sedan Maruti Suzuki Kizashi and luxury SUV Maruti Suzuki Grand Vitara. Maruti 800 was the first model launched by the company in 1983 followed by mini-van Maruti Omni in 1984. Maruti Gypsy, launched in 1985, came into widespread use with the Indian Army and Indian Police Service becoming its primary customers. The short-lived Maruti 1000 was replaced by Maruti Esteem in 1994.

Maruti Zen, launched in 1993, was the company's second compact car model. The company went on to launch another compact car Maruti Wagon-R followed by Maruti Baleno in 1999. It was later replaced by the Suzuki SX4. The SX4 further was replaced by Ciaz.

In 2000, Maruti Alto was launched. The Maruti models include Maruti Suzuki Grand Vitara, launched in 2003, Maruti Versa, launched in 2004, Maruti Suzuki Swift, launched in 2005, Maruti Zen Estilo and Maruti Suzuki SX4, launched in 2007.

On 14 February 2011, Maruti announced that it had achieved one million total accumulated production volume of the Alto. The Alto has reached the million units mark in just seven years and five months since its launch in September 2000. The last half of the million was achieved in 25 months. The Alto became the third car by Maruti Suzuki stable to cross the million units mark, following the Maruti 800 and the Omni.

In January 2012 at the New Delhi Auto Expo, Maruti presented a new car called the Maruti Suzuki XA Alpha,[186][187][188] to commence production in mid-late 2013. Maruti Suzuki unveiled the Vitara Brezza in the Indian Auto Expo 2016 as a contender in the compact SUV segment.

Maruti Exports Limited is Maruti's exporting subsidiary and, as such, does not operate in the domestic Indian market except in its capacity as an exporter for Maruti Suzuki and for the international Suzuki Motor Corporation as well as their other affiliates. The first commercial consignment of 480 cars were sent to Hungary. By sending a consignment of 571 cars to the same country, Maruti crossed the benchmark of 3,000,000 cars. Since its inception export was one of the aspects the government has been keen to encourage.

American Suzuki Motor Corp.

American Suzuki headquarters is in Brea, California. The company announced in November 2012 that it would stop selling cars in the United States.[189][190]

Through an agreement with General Motors, Suzuki began selling a version of their Suzuki Cultus in the United States as the Chevrolet Sprint in 1985. This model was initially sold as a 3-door hatchback and would be Chevrolet's smallest model.

The Samurai was also introduced in 1985 for the 1986 model year and was the first car introduced to the United States by the newly created American Suzuki Corp. No other Japanese company sold more cars in the United States in its first year than Suzuki. The Samurai was available as a convertible or hardtop and the company slogan was Never a Dull Moment. The Samurai was successful until Consumer Reports alleged the Samurai of being susceptible to roll over in a 1988 test. This led to a much publicized 1996 lawsuit, not settled until 2004.

In 1989, American Suzuki introduced the Swift which was the 2nd generation Suzuki Cultus. The Swift was available as a GTi and GLX hatchback with a 4-door sedan following in 1990. A new small SUV called the Sidekick was also introduced in 1989. 1991 saw the introduction of the 4-door Suzuki Sidekick, the first 4-door mini-SUV in North America. The Swift and Sidekick were cousins to GM's Geo Metro and Geo Tracker and were mostly produced in Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada by Suzuki and GM's joint venture, CAMI. The Swift GT/GTi and 4-door models were imported from Japan. Negative evaluations from Consumer Reports of the Suzuki Samurai led to some temporary setbacks at American Suzuki as annual sales in the following years dropped to below 20,000 units.

In 1995, American Suzuki introduced the Esteem and redesigned the Swift. The Swift GT was dropped and this version Swift was specific only to North America where it was built at CAMI. These models were the first Suzuki vehicles to be marketed in North America with dual front airbags. A station wagon version of the Esteem was introduced in 1996. Worldwide Suzuki production reached more than 975,000 cars this[which?] year.

Also in 1996, American Suzuki released the 2-door SUV X-90 and a revised Sidekick Sport model with dual airbags, a 120 hp (89 kW) 1.8 liter engine, 16 inch wheels and two-tone paint. The Sidekick was replaced by the Vitara and the Grand Vitara for 1999. The Grand Vitara would be Suzuki's first model with a V6-cylinder engine and available 4-wheel ABS brakes.

The XL-7 was introduced in 1998 as a stretched version of the Grand Vitara. The XL-7 had a larger 2.7 liter V6-cylinder engine and 3-row seating. This would be Suzuki's largest vehicle to date.

The Swift was dropped from the model lineup in 2001 and the Esteem was replaced in 2002 by the new Aerio, which was offered as a 4-door sedan and 5-door crossover with 4-wheel drive as an option.

In 2004, General Motors and Suzuki jointly purchased the bankrupt Daewoo Motors renaming the venture GMDAT. American Suzuki rebadged the compact Daewoo Nubira/Daewoo Lacetti as the Forenza and the mid-size Daewoo Magnus as the Verona. The Forenza gained station wagon and hatchback body style in 2005, with the hatchback sold under the Reno name.

2006 was the first year American Suzuki sold more than 100,000 vehicles in the United States. Suzuki redesigned the Grand Vitara in 2006 as well as introduced the all-new Suzuki SX4 and Suzuki XL7 in 2007. The Suzuki SX4 is produced as a joint venture with Fiat and the XL7 (notice the shortening of the name from Grand Vitara XL-7) was produced as a joint venture with GM at CAMI Automotive Inc. in Ingersoll. Suzuki put XL7 production on indefinite hiatus in mid-2009 due to low demand and subsequently sold off its share of CAMI back to GM later that year.

Despite a difficult domestic US automarket, Suzuki kept pace with its 2007 sales numbers in 2008. In 2009 however, Suzuki sales dropped 48.5%,[191] following a 17% sales drop in 2008.[192] Suzuki did not import any 2010 model year street motorcycles into the US, with dealers instead relying on unsold stock from the 2009 model year.[193][194] New street motorcycle models to the US resumed for the 2011 model year.[195]

In November 2012, Suzuki announced that its US division would file for bankruptcy and would stop selling automobiles in the United States. It plans to continue to sell motorcycles, ATVs, and marine products in the US.[189] In ten months of 2012, Suzuki only sold 21,188 automobiles in the US. The combination of a strong yen and Suzuki's own limited offering of models has been blamed for the downturn.[190]

Pakistani Suzuki Motor Company Limited

Following the terms of the joint-venture agreement between Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan (SMC) and Pakistan Automobile Corporation (PACO), Pak Suzuki Motor Company Limited (PSMCL) was incorporated as a public limited company in August 1983.[196]

The new company assumed the assets including production facilities of Awami Autos Limited. PSMCL started commercial operations in January 1984 with the primary objective of passenger cars, pick ups, vans and 4x4 vehicles.

The groundbreaking ceremony of the company's green field automobile plant at Bin Qasim was performed by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan in early 1989.

On completion of first phase of this plant in early 1990, in-house assembly Suzuki engines started. The new plant was completed in 1992, and Suzuki production was transferred to new plant – and three-box 1,300 cc Margalla car was also added to its range of production.

In September 1992 the company was privatized and placed directly under the Japanese Management. At the time of privatization SMC increased its equity from 25% to 40% Subsequently, SMC progressively increased its equity to 73.09% by 31 December 2001.

The Bin Qasim Plant further expanded its production capacity to 50,000 vehicles per year in July 1994 and 300,000 vehicles had been manufactured at this plant by December 2003.

Suzuki Canada Inc.

  • 1973 – 1 June, Suzuki Canada Ltd. was incorporated with offices at Downsview, Ontario. Product lines included motorcycles, parts and accessories to Suzuki dealers throughout Canada.
  • 1974 – Vancouver branch office and warehouse inaugurated to service dealers in western Canada.
  • 1980 – Autumn – Suzuki Canada began its automotive sales with the marketing and sales of four-wheel-LJ80 in eastern Canada. 1 November, the name of company changed from Suzuki Canada Ltd. to Suzuki Canada Inc.
  • 1982 – Introduction of a line of Suzuki all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in Canada.
  • 1983 – Introduction of a line of Suzuki outboard motors in western Canada. 1 February 1983 – Western Branch moved to enlarged facilities in Richmond, British Columbia.
  • 1984 – Began the sales of 'Suzuki Forsa' (Suzuki Cultus) automobile.
  • 1986 – A $600 million Suzuki-GM joint venture CAMI Automotive Inc. announced for the manufacturing of vehicles. Production was set to begin in 1989 at Ingersoll, Ontario.
  • 1987 – 25 January – Suzuki Canada Inc. moved to a new 110,000 sq ft (10,000 m2). head office and warehouse facility at Richmond Hill, Ontario.
  • 1988 – Autumn – Suzuki began selling the CAMI-built 2-door Suzuki Sidekick.
  • 2009 – Autumn – Suzuki sold its participation in CAMI to GM[197]

In 2013, Suzuki Canada announced that it would follow the US division and stop selling automobiles in Canada after the 2014 model year. Suzuki Canada will continue to provide parts and services to vehicles through dealer network, as well as selling motorcycles, ATV and outboard motors.[198]

Suzuki GB PLC

Suzuki GB PLC are the manufacturer's agent and distributor of automobiles, motorcycles, ATV's and Marine engines in the United Kingdom with a head office based in Milton Keynes. A wholly owned subsidiary of the Suzuki Motor Corporation operates as Suzuki Cars (Ireland) Limited in Ireland.

  • In 1963, Suzuki commenced official import of motor vehicles, in particular motorcycles, as Suzuki (Great Britain) Limited.
  • During the 1970s and 1980s, Heron International sponsored the Suzuki factory racing team in Grand Prix motorcycle racing, with riders including Barry Sheene, Randy Mamola, Mick Grant and Rob McElnea. Then trading as "Heron Suzuki GB Limited", before becoming "Heron Suzuki Plc" in 1989.
  • In 1994, Suzuki GB PLC emerged to take over distribution of all Suzuki products in the United Kingdom.

Suzuki motorcycle india limited

Suzuki Motorcycle India, Private Limited (SMIL) is the wholly owned Indian subsidiary of Suzuki, Japan. The company has a manufacturing plant at Gurgaon, Haryana having the annual capacity of 5,40,000 units[199]

OEM deals

Since 1985, Suzuki has shared or produced automobiles for other manufacturers around the world.[200]

Production Facilities

  • Takatsuka Plant
    • 300, Takatsuka-cho, Minami-ku, Hamamatsu City
  • Kosai Plant
    • 4520, Shirasuka, Kosai-shi, Shizuoka
  • Iwata Plant
    • 2500, Iwai, Iwata-shi, Shizuoka.
  • Tokokawa Motorcycle Plant
    • 1–2, Utari, Shiratori-cho, Toyokawa-shi, Aichi.
  • Sagara Plant (Automobiles and Engines)
    • 1111, Shirai, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka.
  • Osuka Foundry Plant
    • 6333, Nishiobuchi, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka.

Automobiles

Concept automobiles

GSX-R/4 concept car
  • GSX-R/4 concept car was presented in 2001. It is fitted with a 1,300 cm3 (79 cu in) engine taken from the GSX1300R Hayabusa motorcycle in an attempt to split the difference, merging the posture of an automobile and the disposition of a sportbike (Suzuki had been particularly successful selling motorcycles in the United States). Its high-revving inline-four engine supplied about 175 hp to a bare-bones, two-seat roadster weighing less than 1500 pounds.[201]
  • Pixy + SSC concept was introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. The Pixy is an enclosed three-wheel, single-seat personal transport pod, similar to the Toyota i-unit, and i-REAL, but dissimilar in that two Pixies can dock inside the SSC (aka Suzuki Sharing Coach) for highway driving. Electric power is generated by a hydrogen fuel cell and solar panels to drive the SSC carrier van, and to recharge the Pixy at the same time.[202][203]
  • Suzuki Concept X debuted at the 2005 North American International Auto Show as a significant departure in styling for a Suzuki mid-sized sport utility vehicle aimed at younger buyers in the North American market.[204] This concept vehicle evolved into the second-generation XL7 introduced late in 2006.[205]
  • G70 appeared at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show as the Regina, but was renamed before the 2012 Salon International de l'Auto[206] and Auto China[207] shows to signify that it met the goal of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions no higher than 70g/km (and perhaps that Regina as a model name would be a marketing fiasco). The G70 is a concept for the next-generation global compact car, possibly replacing the Alto, and at 3,550 millimetres (140 in) long and 1,630 mm (64 in) wide with a weight of 730 kilograms (1,610 lb), the G70 is smaller and lighter than the Alto. It has an extremely economical 800 cubic centimetres (49 cu in), direct-injection turbo gasoline engine mated to a continuously variable transmission, and a claimed fuel mileage of 3.1 litres per 100 kilometres (91 mpg‑imp; 76 mpg‑US).[208][209][210]
  • Q-concept, first shown at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show, is a bubble car like the MIT CityCar, Nissan Pivo or Toyota PM. Just 2,500 millimetres (98 in) in length, the Q-concept has its driver and one passenger riding in tandem but is more comfortable than a motorcycle, being enclosed and having seats instead of a saddle. Intended primarily for short trips (within 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)) it ought to be able to park in nearly any available space.[209][210]
  • Suzuki, has unveiled the iK-2 concept at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. The Suzuki iK-2 previews the company's upcoming premium hatchback, which will be sold globally[211]
  • Suzuki showcased the 4x4 mini SUV concept iM-4 concept at the Geneva Motor Show in 2015. The sub-4 metre SUV is likely to enter the production in 2016.[212]

Motorcycles

A Suzuki GSX-R

Suzuki started manufacturing motorcycles in 1952, the first models being motorized bicycles.[20] From 1955 to 1976[42] the company manufactured motorcycles with two-stroke engines only, the biggest two-stroke model being the water-cooled triple-cylinder GT750.

A large factor in Suzuki's success in two-stroke competition was the East German Grand Prix racer Ernst Degner, who defected to the West in 1961,[213] bringing with him expertise in two-stroke engines from the East German manufacturer MZ. The secrets Degner brought with him were the work of Walter Kaaden, who combined three crucial technologies for the first time: the boost port,[214][215] the expansion chamber, and the rotary valve.[216]

Suzuki hired Degner, and he won the 50 cc class FIM road racing World Championship for them in the 1962 season. Suzuki became the first Japanese manufacturer to win a motocross world championship when Joel Robert won the 1970 250 cc title. In the 1970s, Suzuki established themselves in the motorcycle racing world with Barry Sheene and Roger De Coster winning world championships in the premier 500 cc division in road racing and motocross respectively.

In 1976 Suzuki introduced its first motorcycles since the Colleda COX[20] of the 1950s with four-stroke engines, the GS400 and GS750.

In 1994, Suzuki partnered with Nanjing Jincheng Machinery to create a Chinese motorcycle manufacturer and exporter called Jincheng Suzuki.

Suzuki continued to compete in MotoGP and last won the title in the 2000 season. Since 2006, the team was sponsored by Rizla and was known as Rizla Suzuki MotoGP team. On 18 November 2011, Suzuki announced that the GP racing was suspended, partly due to natural disasters and recession, until 2014.[217]

In addition Suzuki have recorded a total of 93 victories at the Isle of Man TT Races.[218] Suzuki have also taken the runner up spot in the various race categories 100 times and a total 92 third places.[218]

Models

Some notable Suzuki motorcycles include the following:

Two-stroke engines

Four-stroke engines

  • GS series – The 1976 GS750 was the first 4-stroke machine released by Suzuki in 20 years. The following year saw Suzuki's first 1-liter machine, the GS1000E, and then in 1979 the GS1000S copy of a Yoshimura GS1000 Superbike.[15][16]
  • Katana – The GSX1100S was released in Europe in 1980; the GSX1000S arrived in the U.S. and Canada later that year as a 1981 model, and revolutionized sportbike styling.[237] A 1982 Katana GS1000SV is on the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame's list of "classic bikes" that have been shown in the museum,[238] and was in The Art of the Motorcycle exhibition.[223]
  • GSX-R750 was one of the Japanese sport bikes of the 1980s that began the modern race replica era.[239] It had air/oil cooling, light weight, and a powerful engine.[240][241] The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (in Japanese) includes the 1984 Suzuki GSX-R750 as one of their 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology,[72] and was in The Art of the Motorcycle.[223]
  • Intruder 750 with its OHC 4-valve 45° V-twin engine was the first Japanese cruiser motorcycle (designed to appeal to U.S. riders) in 1985. By 1997, cruiser-style motorcycles would account for nearly 60 percent of the U.S. street-bike market.[54][242]
  • GSX-R1100, related to the GSX-R750, appeared in 1986.[54][243] The same basic engine would reappear in 1995 to power the Bandit 1200 and remain in production through 2006.[244][245]
  • The DR-BIG aka Desert Express DR800S (in German) off-roader was existent for two model years as the DR750S (in German) until 1990, when its displacement increased to 779cc, still the world largest single cylinder engine in a production motorcycle.[246] Available in Europe through 1999, it was not exported to the U.S. market.[247] Replaced by the V-Strom twin, the DR-BIG has now come full circle as the design inspiration for a 2014 overhaul of the V-Strom 1000 ABS.[248]
  • Suzuki RF Series The Suzuki RF series are sport touring motorcycles. They came with three engine variations: 400, 600 and 900 cc. It was in production from 1994 to 1998.
  • TL1000S debuted at the 1996 International Motorcycle and Scooter Show as the first Suzuki sport bike with a V-twin engine.[249] This was a liquid-cooled, 90° V-twin, DOHC engine with 4 valves per cylinder, which would be in production through 2012.[248] Although the TL1000S motorcycle ceased production in 2001, the engine would carry on in the TL1000R, the SV1000 and SV1000S,[250] as well as the V-Strom 1000.[251]
  • GSX-R600 – a smaller version of the GSX-R750. There were earlier pretenders,[252] but the genuine article arrived in 1997 and has received frequent updates after that.[253][254][255]
  • Hayabusa (GSX-1300R) was introduced in 1998, and remains Suzuki's flagship sport bike.[256][257] The 1998 Suzuki Hayabusa is included in the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.[111] The development of a second generation Hayabusa for the 2008 model year facilitated the 2007 roll-out of the GSX-1300BK B-King,[258] a highly stylized naked variant.[259][260]
  • SV650 was introduced in 1999 as a budget entry in the naked bike market,[261][262] and since 2001, offered both naked and fully faired.[263] In 2009 the naked bike version was redesigned and renamed the Gladius in keeping with the sword motif Suzuki established with the Katana.[264] The Gladius motorcycle won a Good Design Award (aka G Mark) from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.[265]
  • GSX-R1000 – This top-of-the-line superbike debuted in 2000,[266] and remains the largest model of the GSX-R series.[171][172]
  • Burgman 650 (AN650) was the largest of a series of urban scooters produced in Japan (marketed as Skywave domestically) as well as in Italy and Spain with engine capacities of 125cc and up. When it appeared in 2002 the 650 was the largest-displacement scooter in the world, and first two-wheel vehicle to have an electrically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission.[267][268] The Japan Institute of Design Promotion awarded the G Mark Good Design Award to the Skywave 650 in 2003, to the entire Skywave series in 2006 and to the updated Skywave 650LX in 2013.[269][270][271]
    • Choinori was a lightweight, inexpensive, 50cc scooter and the antithesis of the Skywave 650, but they were introduced at the same time in an effort to increase domestic sales in response to shrinking motorcycle exports.[272][273] The 2002 Choinori is one of the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.[122] The Choinori was awarded the G Mark Good Design Award in 2003.[274]
  • Boulevard M109R (VZR1800) V-twin, dubbed the Intruder M1800R in Europe, arrived in 2006 boasting a 112 mm (4.4 in) bore with a 90.5 mm (3.56 in) stroke, amongst the largest gasoline engine pistons ever used in any production motorcycle (or passenger car).[275][276][277]
  • GSX-650F – introduced in 2008, this new sport touring model fills the void of the retired Katana. The 2009 model has ABS standard.
  • DL-650 V-Strom – a dual-sport motorcycle
  • GSX-250F Across – a small 250 cc engine sport touring motorcycle produced from 1990 until 1998. It is mostly known as a practical sports/touring bike, due to its rear petrol tank and a fully enclosed helmet storage area where the petrol tank usually is.
  • GSX-R250 – a motorcycle that was manufactured from 1987 to 1994. A couple of years after the presentation of the GSX-R750 the 250 cc GSX-R250 was released. Like the larger bike, the GSX-R250 had a box-frame (steel, not aluminum), full fairing, full-floater rear swing and a four-cylinder four-stroke engine. But while the GSX-R750 engine was air and oil-cooled, the baby brother had a liquid-cooled engine. Not many examples are seen outside Japan. 17-inch cast wheels and 300 mm twin disc brake at the front. The GSX-R250 had impressive power and was made primarily as a road legal 250 cc racing bike reaching speeds of 200+km/h (124 mph). Imported specimens may be seen in Australia and New Zealand commonly. Also, around 350 units were exported to Denmark around 1989 to 1992.

Other power sources

  • RE5 was the first (and only) Japanese motorcycle produced with a Wankel rotary engine. That, and its Giugiaro styling, make it one of the oddest and most collectible motorcycles of the 1970s.[278][279] The 1974 RE5 is one of the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology,[44] and a 1976 model is in the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame.[280]
  • Burgman Fuel-Cell Scooter uses electric-motor propulsion, powered by an air-cooled hydrogen fuel cell; its only emission is water. Following on a concept model at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show, in 2011 the Burgman Fuel-Cell Scooter became the world's first fuel-cell vehicle to earn Whole Vehicle Type Approval (WVTA) in the European Union, enabling the vehicle to be sold in all member states.[165][277] Suzuki is working toward commercial production of this scooter.[164][281]

Concept motorcycles

  • Falcorustyco concept model at the 1985 Tokyo Motor Show envisaged the motorcycle technologies that might be brought into play by 1995, including a 4-cycle square 4-cylinder 500 cc engine, frameless body, front-and-rear swingarm suspension, center hub hydraulic power steering, chainless hydraulic drive and pop-up screen cowling.[282][283][284]
  • Nuda was a full-time two-wheel drive prototype, incorporating power steering and a swing seat, in a carbon fiber honeycomb monocoque body, shown at the 1986 Tokyo Motor Show. Nuda concepts influenced the design of the Suzuki Hayabusa.[282][284][285][286]
  • B-King – The concept model was well received by the public when it went on display at the 2001 Tokyo Motor Show. The addition of a turbocharger to the GSX1300R engine testified to massive power output, while electronics such as cellphone and GPS were stowed in the ultra-modern angular bodywork. The production model appeared six years later, largely unchanged except for its naturally aspirated engine.[258][287][288] B-King styling is reflected in the award-winning design of the GSR600[289] and the GSR750, as well as the Inazuma GW250 and GW250S.[290][291]
  • G-Strider concept model with 916 cc engine, made public at the 2003 Tokyo Motor Show, was a half-scooter, half-cruiser (motorcycle) mash-up with an electrically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission incorporating a push-button manual mode, similar to the Burgman 650. Accentuating luxury, the G-Strider's handlebars, footrests, seat backrest, passenger backrest and windscreen were all electrically adjustable while under way to ensure the most comfortable riding position possible.[284][292][293]
  • Stratosphere prototype was shown at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2005, with an 1100 cc engine pushed to the limits of space-saving design, resulting in an in-line six-cylinder as wide as a conventional in-line four-cylinder engine. Hammered aluminum and Damascus steel incorporate material characteristics into styling design. Prospects for a production model seemed good, considering that Suzuki's previous significant concept motorcycle, the B-King had made it into production, but the market changed before Stratosphere got the go-ahead.[284][293][294][295]
  • Biplane was a blue-sky concept announced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, designed to convey the joy of two-wheel mobility, inspired by the feeling of flying an airplane. Its shape generates a feeling of openness in a modern machine powered by a V-four engine.[296][297][298]
  • Crosscage concept model was displayed at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. Combining a high-performance secondary battery and a compact, lightweight air-cooled fuel-cell system from British specialist company Intelligent Energy enabled quick activation with low fuel consumption. The lithium-ion battery assured reserve power as well as minimal environmental impact. Light weight not only made this bike environment-friendly but also sporty.[296][298]
  • Gemma prototype model was introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. The distinctive "full-flat 2-seater," 250 cc four-stroke single-cylinder scooter is low and sleek and gives the rider and passenger feel a greater sense of intimacy. The luggage compartment in front of the rider holds a helmet. Gemma went into production in Japan the following year for the domestic market.[299][300][301]
  • Recursion turbo parallel-twin middleweight, shown at 2013 Tokyo Auto Show

All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)

  • ALT50
  • LT50
  • LT-Z50
  • LT80
  • LT-Z90
  • ALT125
  • LT125D
  • Quadrunner 160
  • ALT185
  • LT185
  • LT 230
  • LT250E
  • LT250R
  • LT-Z250
  • Ozark 250
  • LT300E
  • Eiger 400
  • LTZ400
  • LT-R450
  • LT500R
  • Quadmaster 500
  • Kingquad 750
  • Kingquad 550
  • Kingquad 700

Event sponsorship

Suzuki is a major sponsor of luge, biathlon, and cross country skiing sporting events.[302][303] They are also the current title sponsor of ASEAN Football Championship,[304][305] English League One club Milton Keynes Dons and Italian Serie A club Torino.

See also



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Suzuki", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. There is a list of all authors in Wikipedia

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